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The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, all men are Socrates.

This is an example of sweeping generalization as a very broad category is applied to a certain case. Using the inborn quality of every human being, an author draws a parallel between every individual and Socrates, which is apparently wrong.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. “At a time when young Muslims are being persuaded to murder large numbers of innocent people with the promise of a reward in heaven, it seems prudent to be wary of leaders who want to drag God into the dismal consequences of human behavior. The hell that appears to be looming is man-made…” (Govier)

The given statement is used to emphasize the fact that there are people who are responsible for the utilization of religion for their own purpose. An author appeals to some strong feelings related to a problematic issue.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. A person of integrity is one who will honor his or her commitments.

It is the case of generalization as a speaker tends to describe a broad category of people by using a set of characteristics that can be peculiar to one of them. It is created to emphasize the importance of a particular idea.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. America for Americans. Close the gates on immigrants.

There is a popularization of a well-known and popular idea with the primary aim to make the statement more important. However, this fallacy creates a precedent by utilizing the wrong concept or some discriminative patterns.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. The company CEO got a confidential notice from the CIA that one of our employees attended a radical, survivalist convention.

The fallacy rests on the use of statistics as the average meanings are calculated using a particular sample; however, it results in the wrong idea that every of four employees has relations to radial or some survivalist conventions.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. Any country that does not relinquish terrorists to the American justice system is clearly on the side of the terrorists.

It is a false generalization fallacy, as an author assumes that all countries that act not in accordance with a particular course support terrorism. This idea is wrong as there are many other options, but it is used to protect a certain position.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. A great leader is infallible and can never be wrong. Saddam Hussein was clearly a great leader because he could really inspire people to follow him. Yet anyone advocating genocide was clearly wrong, and Hussein did advocate and practice genocide. Therefore, Hussein was not infallible.

Hussein was clearly a great leader because he could really inspire people to follow him. Yet anyone advocating genocide was clearly wrong, and Hussein did advocate and practice genocide. Therefore, Hussein was not infallible.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. A Gallup poll last week found that 75 percent of highly religious people didn’t think we should go to war with countries harboring terrorism.

It is a false dilemma fallacy as an author disregards the existence of other opinions and emphasizes only one, which is important to them. By saying that 75% of religious people do not accept war, a speaker ignores other groups supporting it.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. It is true that certain organizations have ties to groups in areas of conflict that some may describe as terrorists, but they also have run orphanages and supported other local humanitarian efforts.

The use of irrelevant information to create the wrong image of a particular aspect. By emphasizing the fact that some organizations support humanitarian efforts, a speaker wants to ignore the fact that terrorist organizations are promoted, which is the main idea.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. All Muslims are terrorists and should be killed.

The wrong idea rests on the generalization. There are both terrorist and law obedient citizens belonging to this religion, and this statement is absolutely incorrect and demonstrates how the quality of a certain group is related to the whole community.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. Sex education in schools encourages experimentation.

The fallacy is resting on the idea that some known object will definitely promote the appearance of another one. Accepting the fact that sex issues are related to experimentation, a speaker emphasizes the emergence of another quality, which is completely wrong.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. If you vote for a Democrat, you vote against the war on terror.

The fallacy is based on the existence of a particular cause and effect. In other words, if some idea exists, it causes the appearance of another idea. If Democrats promote the war on terror, supporting them means to support this very wat. It is an erroneous statement.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. Cogito, ergo sum – I think therefore I am. (Rene Descartes)

The fallacy rests on the assumption that if some process exists, the possibility of another thing should be taken for granted. Deductively, this statement can be correct; however, from the perspective of logic, there might be some mistake in the choice of the arguments used by the thinker to formulate...

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. Children are imaginative; they are different from adults. Therefore, they should have a good education.

It is a bad reasons fallacy. Children should have a good education, but the fact that they are imaginative does not serve as the main cause of it. In such a way, a speaker uses the wrong reasoning when describing the group and speaking about its current needs.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. People take more seriously what they have to pay for. Therefore, people paying their way are more serious students than those who are not.

It can be described as a case of sweeping generalization as a very broad category, or application is used when speaking about a certain group. Not all people who pay are good students and vice versa. That is why there is a mistaken premise.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. You are only attacking my politics because you are a racist.

The fallacy is based on the idea that racists have some negative image and might not like some aspects of the offered policy. It can be considered a generalization fallacy as a speaker appeals to all category not differentiating between individuals representing it.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. I’ve been putting in a lot of overtime and life has been really difficult lately. I want a promotion and I deserve it; you should give me one.

Another case of bad reasons fallacy as a speaker assumes that a promotion can be given just because they need it, and there are some difficulties at the moment that should be solved. Adherence to this logic might result in new wrong conclusions.

The below example of fallacious reasoning provided, identify the logical fallacies and provide a written response including the implied or stated conclusions and the nature of the fallacy. We saw two houses: one in the suburbs and one in the center of town. The suburban house was less expensive than the one in town so there must be something wrong with it.

It is a bad reasons fallacy because a speaker presupposes that all inexpensive buildings might have some problems. In such a way, the arguments are weak as the low price is explained by the position of the house and not its character or existence of some other factors.

Explain Rawls’ theory of justice, including basic concepts of his thought experiment, and in particular the idea of one’s original position, the veil of ignorance, and the difference principle.

The Theory of Justice was developed by John Rawls in 1971 and is regarded as the most influential work devoted to the problem of social justice. Its main purpose is to explain why injustices are unjust and exclude any ambiguity in the interpretation of social justice. To eliminate any personal...

What is the purpose of special education?

Education remains one of the most critical factors in promoting economic performance and empowering individuals to pursue their objectives diligently. Citizens with disabilities and other learning challenges should receive equal competencies in order to succeed in life. This discussion analyzes the purpose of special education as a tool for social...

In many ways, Individualized Education Programs can be perceived as educational policy. How would you explain the relationship between IEPs and policy to parents, educators, other professionals, and community stakeholders?

Since the provision of Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) is a compulsory procedure in those cases when a child’s disability is proven, the state aid system is organized, which may be compared with special policies. Since the learning process in such conditions involves many stakeholders, every side must be aware of...

Many of the issues may be rooted in cultural dissonance and may negatively impact the aims and objectives of successful special education programs. Identify issues that affect classrooms, schools, districts and stakeholders.

Evaluating students’ academic performance in special schools depends largely on several external factors that form a favorable environment for the educational process and create appropriate motivation. One of the essential aspects is the participation of family members in solving the issues of teaching children with special needs. According to Jones-Goods...

Discuss in detail African American women’s quest for universal freedom. What are significant episodes in this quest, who are significant contributors, what coalitions existed, what resistance existed, etc.? Where does this quest currently stand, and why?

African American women’s struggle for freedom is a result of a long-lasting quest for civil rights that was very influential in American political life. The March for freedom of 1963 was recognized as the men’s event, and many women, including Anna Hedgeman, claimed that women’s rights also need to be...

In your own words, define the term Symbolic Racism.

Symbolic racism is a “subtle form of racism” in the United States, which consists in a person’s prejudiced attitude to the other ethnicity representative’s moral values.

In your own words, define the term Interest Groups.

Interest groups are formal or informal organizations that consist of a number of people who share the same attitude to an important issue and work in unity to impact public opinion.

What is freedom? Is it possible to live by rules of one’s own making?

Raising Children is not a simple duty. Most parents speak that. In our additional increasing world of assets and vice, it is still harder than it second-hand to be. Many parents quarrel with their children on the idea of their freedom. So, should children be known sum freedom? I say...

Do Parents Have the Right to Oversee and Direct Their Children Lives?

Humans are natural with a “fear potential” or the ability to study terror (Scruton 1986). Although terror develops through authorities that are there from birth (innate influences), this capacity to study fear develops through socialization and is necessary for continued existence (Cole, 1964). Parents meet people their children (either deliberately...

Is It Ever Accepted To Tell Lies?

White-lie-telling performance in 3 to 7-years-olds was examined by a Reverse Rouge Chore. Before children took to take pictures of the experimenter, the experimenter inquires, “Do I seem satisfactory for the photo?” In the untried condition, the experimenter’s snout had an able to be seen mark; in the manage condition,...

Select four articles that focus on Indigenous communities and discuss the complexities they face in addressing issues of development and the strategies that they employ to address development as it is encountered.

Environmental justice is often associated with the Indigenous populations that have a disproportionate environmental burden on their lands and other natural resources. One of the ways to address such a marginalized position is to consider these populations from the prism of civil rights. In particular, there is a range of...

There is an inherent tension between issues of conservation and preservation. These tensions are not limited to environmental/natural resources but also include issues of culture and ways of living. Select four articles that highlight these tensions and discuss how the issues of conservation and preservation work for and/or against each other in the case studies found in your articles.

A variety of anthropological readings discuss the issues that are related to the protection of the environment. Conservation and preservation are the main terms used by anthropologists and environmentalists to advocate for saving nature and implementing specific policies. The increasing interest in the links between culture, ethnography, and biodiversity conservation...

Provide the four main tenets/assumptions of Modernization Theory.

The modernization theory provides a theoretical framework for analyzing the process of development. This approach outlines the key role of western capitalism and the set of values and principles that are associated with it in economic progress. The theory suggests that emerging nations need to adopt the practices of the...

Discuss the differences between objective and subjective globalization.

Objective globalization consists of economic and technological processes that take place in the globalized economy. These dynamics are measurable and can be studied with the help of quantitative methods. The material aspects of globalization, such as tendencies in trade, migration of individuals, and movements of goods and capital, provide a...

What are the basic features of globalization?

Globalization influenced billions of people around the world and almost all aspects of their lives. According to the International Monetary Fund, the four basic features of this process are increased trade, migration of people, movements of capital, and dissemination of information and knowledge. Investigating the underlying mechanisms that brought about...

Discuss consumer transformation in the twentieth century.

Until the beginning of the twentieth century, the majority of consumer goods were necessities. The situation changed when increased efficiency of production fostered by new technologies led to the manufacturing of large amounts of goods. High levels of supply created the necessity to encourage consumption and increase demand. This process...

What are the benefits of experiencing diversity in a college or career setting?

In both college and career settings, diversity offers a range of advantages for individuals separately as well as in terms of groups. For example, diversity facilitates the presence of various perspectives on the same problem. When everyone involved is of different cultures and backgrounds, they can contribute with their unique...

What race or ethnicity do you identify the most with and what is the completion rate for that race or ethnicity? (How are they doing at completing college degree?) In your opinion what barriers are blocking them from completing a college degree?

Being Vietnamese, it is essential to mention that my country has shown a significant but steady economic growth through market reforms. Among the most prominent reports in education is the establishment of new mechanisms for national qualification, with a drastic increase in higher education enrollment by 125% between 2010 and...

The article “The Impact of Facebook on Our Students” by Doug Fodeman and Marje Monroe discusses the impact that the social media platform has on those that are using it. Discuss all the questions below: a. Based on the authors’ statements, what is an appropriate age for someone to have a profile on a social network site? b. What specific concerns do the authors have about students’ privacy online? c. What danger do hackers pose to young people? d. What do the authors mean by “moral disconnect”? e. Why should students care if businesses are trying to sell them something based on access to their online profile? f. What are the differences between making friends online and making them face-to-face? g. Given the authors’ concerns about social media sites, what would their attitudes be about cell phones? Online games?

The authors of the article suggest that social networks should not be used by children or adolescents at all and claim that only adults must create profiles. They are concerned that children freely and voluntarily share private videos and photos, which may expose some of their unfavorable behaviors to the...

Discuss how growing up for you might have been a culture clash from your traditional at home upbringing versus your peers and friends from school. Discuss any culture clash you may have experiences in your life and how it had affected you. Use examples from the story “What Means Switch” by Gish Jen to illustrate your points and particular perspective.

There was no significant culture clash in my life. However, while growing up, I adopted many values and behaviors of my parents and they frequently contrasted with those of my peers. For example, in our house, we had a large library because my mother was fond of reading. The number...

What are the effects of divorce on children?

Divorce may have an adverse emotional impact on children, especially in the first year after parents’ separation. Morin reports that young people often worry that divorce is their fault, have a lack of understanding of why they should live between two homes, or become angry at their parents. Moreover, children’s...

How do the consequences of working long hours affect marriage?

It is possible to say that long hours can affect marriage negatively, too. Smith and McDowell report that working late can hurt relationships, as an individual may become annoyed at each other or experience frustration if their partner is overly committed to their job. Moreover, people can be tired from...

What are the causes of divorce?

In America, the marriage rate can be considered relatively high. Currently, it is around seven per 1,000 total population, while the divorce rate is almost three by 1,000 individuals. It means that around half of all married couples living in the U.S. divorce. The primary causes of divorce are basic...

Hobbes believes that there is no such thing as justice until the Leviathan is established. This means that justice does not exist independently of an authority to define and enforce it. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.

I can’t entirely agree with this perspective because justice can be established in society or community by its members by themselves without the need for authority. Justice established and enforced by an authority is not always necessarily representative of the concept of justice but rather the will of an authority....

Don’t we reward athletes, doctors, lawyers, and business executives according to their merit and not by democratic vote? Should our leaders be chosen the same way, as Plato suggests? Why or why not?

Selecting political leaders based on merit is a highly valuable suggestion since the democratic process has proven to be highly ideological or partisan. Democracy, particularly its modern forms, is an inherently flawed process. Voting is driven by significant bias, impulsive decision-making and often lacks evaluation of candidates it is meant...

To determine citizens’ aptitudes and talents, Plato favored testing them while they are young. Is it possible to discover the best career for someone this way? What about people who discover or develop their true talents later in life? Is Plato too optimistic about the ease of discovering a person’s true calling?

Plato’s approach does have some merit since testing citizens early on can help identify very talented individuals or highlight characteristics in young people that can be trained to make them better professionals. While Plato’s vision does depend on people following their calls in life, it can be argued that realistically...

Explain Plato’s Utopian vision for a just society. In your view, what would be some of the beneficial or harmful effects of a society based solely on merit, as Plato proposed?

Plato’s Just society would be a perfectly balanced utopia on all levels. Society would be divided into three classes of guardians, auxiliaries, and craftsmen, with each performing key duties and loving their jobs while remaining equal in status. Plato’s idea of a just society consists of individuals fulfilling their role...

Hobbes believes that there is no such thing as justice until the Leviathan is established. This means that justice does not exist independently of an authority to define and enforce it. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.

I agree that justice does not exist outside of the authority structure. First of all, it is doubtful that justice can be objective since different people have drastically dissimilar views on what is right and wrong regarding punishments. Without authorities to produce and enforce rules, society will likely adhere to...

Don’t we reward athletes, doctors, lawyers, and business executives according to their merit and not by democratic vote? Should our leaders be chosen the same way, as Plato suggests? Why or why not?

In many instances, we reward professionals representing our society and fulfill important functions according to their merit and actual achievements instead of summarizing all people’s opinions about such specialists and their abilities. As Plato suggests, children with the leadership potential can become the representatives of the guardians (the upper class)...

To determine citizens’ aptitudes and talents, Plato favored testing them while they are young. Is it possible to discover the best career for someone this way? What about people who discover or develop their true talents later in life? Is Plato too optimistic about the ease of discovering a person’s true calling?

Plato’s proposition concerning testing can help to understand one’s natural talents better and detect prerequisites to success in some activities. However, the results of such tests are unlikely to be enough to make the best career choices possible. The reason for their limited effectiveness is that a person’s key areas...

Explain Plato’s Utopian vision for a just society. In your view, what would be some of the beneficial or harmful effects of a society based solely on merit, as Plato proposed?

According to Plato’s famous idea, a just society can be built emphasizing merit and reason. The existence of Plato’s just society is impossible without attempts to make people adhere to accepted standards. It limits citizens’ opportunity to express their individual perspectives and differentiate themselves from the crowd since Plato sees...

Indira Gandhi, the late Indian prime minister, said in 1982 an address to the World Health Assembly, “The idea of a better-ordered world is one in which medical discoveries will be free of patents and there will be no profiteering from life and death.” Patents are property rights over intellectual discoveries. What do you think of Gandhi’s statement?

I think that Gandhi’s statement contradicts the very essence of property rights. People who made a medical discovery would like to be empowered to control their intellectual property and decide who uses it. Depriving a person of his or her right to that intellectual property would be unfair as it...

Describe the ways in which capitalism brought about rapid and dramatic change. In particular, give at least three examples of its effect on work and production.

It is possible to say that capitalism changed almost every aspect of society. Firstly, capitalism has spurred continuous technological innovations and scientific advancements. With the proliferation of capitalism, old ideas and tools quickly became obsolete and were replaced by new tools and new ideas. For example, at the beginning of...

Why does Berkeley deny the existence of material objects? Explain his view of subjective idealism. Do you accept or reject his theory? Why or why not? Suppose someone claims that he can easily refute Berkeley’s idealism by simply kicking a rock or eating an apple. Does this demonstration show that Berkeley’s view is false? Explain.

Berkeley believed that the human mind is responsible for the existence of materials, and without the mind’s perception, any material is non-existent. He supports his point by claiming that people cannot prove that any material is not a simple creation of their minds. I strongly oppose his ideas because materials...

Explain Locke’s view that we can have knowledge of an external world despite our being directly aware only of sense data. Do you agree with him, or do you side with his critics who say that we can know only the contents of our minds?

Locke’s ideas caused many controversies, primarily because of how inconsistently he defined knowledge. However, I firmly believe that humans learn about the external world through their sensory experience besides comparing ideas that we already have and thinking about definitions of terms that we have learned. I can’t entirely agree that...

Is there a rational theoretical basis to the modern movement against inter-ethnic marriage, especially in regard to Africana and European cultures? How does the American capitalist interest support or negate the idea of inter-ethnic marriage?

It seems that there is no rational basis to support the movement against inter-ethnic marriage despite the existence of certain theories. Arguments against this type of marriage are based on discussing differences in cultures, traditions, religions, and genes. Social and economic aspects are considered in the context of inter-ethnic marriages...

Do the physical differences between Africana and European ethnic group appearances and cultures have anything to do with the beginning of their political/social/economic relationship in the 21st century? How were those differences used or not used to control members of each group? Are American standards of beauty representative of Afro-American standards of beauty?

In the 21st century, dissimilarities in the appearance of representatives of different races and ethnicities are not perceived as factors to prevent or influence the development of political, social, and economic relationships between these groups. Therefore, today physical differences between African American and European ethnic groups are not accentuated, excepting...

Which, in your opinion, are the steps to be articulated by the General Assembly, which could move the international community into a process of change/development? Issue identification? Issue articulation? Discourse development in inter-governmental institutions and conferences? Definition and approval of shared objectives? Addressing the institutional dimension of responses to global challenges? Programme formulation, programme adoption, identification of shared implementation by global, regional, national, local bearers of responsibility and capacity for action?

Several steps may be identified for the General Assembly that strives to initiate change in the international community, including building global partnerships, intergovernmental negotiations, and formulation/implementation of programs. First, it is critical to promote a sense of global solidarity through engaging all the UN members in resolving the existing challenges....

In addressing a concrete challenge of our global agenda, it may be of value to know the historical achievements and failures of the international community on this issue as well as the basic principles articulated in the past by the international community. How can one get access to this pertinent information and once attained how do we best use it?

The global agendas are important both for large and small UN member countries. Climate change, sustainable development, terrorism elimination, technological progress, and partnership are the key agendas. The historical approaches that were used by other states and the basic principles that applied to address them may be learned from the...

Which opportunities do you see for smaller UN member countries to add a special identity dimension of their foreign policy in the negotiations and decisions of the General Assembly? Whom would you identify as potential partner in the pursuit of national objectives in multilateral diplomacy? Whom would you consider special bearers of knowledge of the issues and on what to do and how to achieve concrete results? The UN Secretariat? academic institutions, big power member countries with respective support infrastructure? Regional partnerships? Civil society?

In integrating the special identity dimension in their foreign policy, the small UN member countries should use multilateral diplomacy. The first opportunity lies in cohesion that refers to relying on the rule of law and collective solidarity. Since these countries are likely to be often limited in their resources, collaboration...

Do you think game theory is a useful tool? Do you think it has improved your ability to make strategic choices? What about in-game? Do you think certain characters’ awareness of strategic interactions/principles of game theory could have altered the course of game events? Why or why not? Discuss these questions using at least three examples in detail drawing primarily from The Walking Dead game and readings, but also using insight from personal experiences.

Game theory may not be a useful tool for predicting behavior, but it is a good tool for analyzing situations in order to identify the best action for a rational player. Since the Nash equilibrium includes strategies that are the best response to the behavior of another player, the use...

The Walking Dead game presents a number of situations with morally ambiguous choices or consequences. Which choice or experience did you find the most difficult to make or reconcile? Why? What situations did you think best highlighted the tension between rationality and human behavior?

The most difficult choice in The Walking Dead game of season 1 is the moment when Lee must decide either to leave or to tie Lilly up. The main reason for the given choices is that Lilly murders a member of the group of survivors. If Lee leaves her behind...

Pay attention to the game theory-like situations you encounter in your daily life. What did the interaction look like? What were the players’ preferences? What were the payoffs like for each player? What was the ultimate outcome? Repeat the same process for at least one interaction that Lee has with another player within The Walking Dead game.

The principles of game theory can be observed in the daily life of every person. It is present because the given concept covers the intricacies of choices and anticipatory moves of numerous interactive units. There were various situations in my life where I had to make choices pursuing my interests....

One of the goals of courses in Ethnic Studies is “relevant education,” where what students learn through reading, lectures, and discussions in the classroom should be applicable to their lived experiences. Discuss this theme with a grounding in Chapter 17 (“The “rise of Asian America’”) from Erika Lee’s The Making of Asian America and a discussion of how you could apply some of those themes in either (a) your major courses/future field of employment or (b) your personal experiences via comparison/contrast.

The outlook on Asian Americans as a minority that has succeeded in integrating into the new culture and become prosperous as a whole is somewhat common in society. Popular sentiments, particularly the anti-racism calls that have become more frequent in recent years, appear to ignore Asians, including them into the...

What is the difference between sexual orientation and sexual preference?

While the terms gender orientation and gender preference have been used interchangeably, it is notable to mention a slight difference between the two. Sexual orientation is associated with more what a person feels when observing others as well as how their body reacts. Sexual preference is more about a conscious...

As a police officer you may be called to investigate situations where a transgender or gender non-conforming person is accused of using the “wrong” restroom or dressing room. In these situations, what is the best course of action for police officers to take?

The prevention of transgender individuals from accessing bathroom facilities that are consistent with their expressions of gender has been seen as discrimination and a violation of federal law. When investigating instances of transgender individuals using ‘wrong’ restrooms or dressing rooms, the best course of action for police officers to take...

What is the difference between gender identity and gender expression?

Gender identity, on the one hand, is internal and refers to a gender with which a person identifies. It can have different manifestations and usually implies something that makes sense to an individual. Gender expression, on the other hand, is external and refers to something that everyone sees. Therefore, it...

How has the history of sexuality in the U.S. shaped the discrimination minority women face regarding attraction and romance?

The tendency of discrimination occurs due to social and psychological factors which can be attributed to implicit and explicit attitudes. Implicit biases are subconscious reactions that are often associated with specific encounters or categories, such as race and sexuality. Therefore, implicit bias is the most reliable indicator of discrimination. While...

Consider the relative merits of domestic institutions versus international tribunals as well as criminal prosecution versus civil litigation. To what extent do decisions of treaty bodies shaped the interpretation of human rights? When, if ever, should economic sanctions be imposed? Does the International Criminal Court offer the greatest hope for the enforcement of global standards? If we are serious about the promotion of human rights, explain which institutions offer the greatest likelihood of success.

The importance of human rights protection for contemporary society preconditioned the emergence of multiple mechanisms to monitor the situation and assist people in their struggle. There are both domestic institutions and international tribunals that are expected to work with cases of this sort and solve the emerging issues. The effectiveness...

Human rights defenders face formidable obstacles in their efforts to promote and protect the rights of individuals who experience atrocities. Offer your own critical reflections about the principal challenges human rights advocates face and the degree to which international standards afford them protection in their work. Be sure to analyze the International Bar Association Lund London standards. Be sure to discuss: a. The role of media and mobilization of shame. b. United Nations officials. c. Attorneys. Analyze situations when campaigns of human rights defenders may have negative consequences, despite their well-intentioned efforts.

Despite the focus on the cultivation of humanistic values, modern society still faces multiple problems related to human rights infringement. People in various regions suffer from the violation of their freedoms. In many cases, their rights to freedom, liberty, and security are violated. Numerous advocates and defenders try to improve...

Based on Jeffrey Goldberg’s premises write out the conclusion.

As is clear from the researcher’s premises, he does not support both overly liberal and overly strict approaches to gun control in the United States. The position that he supports involves strict requirements for gun owners related to mental health and other factors that predict aggression, but no significant limitations...

One of the likely data collection instruments in evaluating the MPA program is a survey. Prepare a memo to the director of the MPA program, summarizing the three most important findings from your analysis of students’ assessment of the effectiveness of various instructional approaches shown in below.

From the following analysis of the effectiveness of various instructional approaches, it is possible to formulate the following conclusions. First of all, class discussions are considered the most potent tool to explain new information and inform students about the particular task as the majority of respondents (50) called it very...

The Food Stamp Program was enacted in the 1960s as part of the War on Poverty. a. You have been asked to design a research study that evaluates the impacts of this program. Develop a list of at least five possible impacts. b. The mayor made the news when he agreed to live on the equivalent of food stamps for one month. Assuming you could get several people in your class to engage in this variation of participant observer data collection, how would you design the study and how would you standardize the data collection?

Regarding the nature of programs, the five possible impacts might include the following categories. First, the effect on participants should be evaluated as its main goal was to provide particular social groups with assistance. The second impact is the financial aspect of the programs’ work, as it is critical to...

Look at the table in below which shows the results of an organization survey. It shows the combined “agree/strongly agree” categories and just the “strongly agree” category. The question was whether their department operates by the city’s mission statement. a. A Write your bottom-line summary of the data using the combined “agree/strongly agree” column, and another bottom-line summary of the data using only the “strongly agree” column. Remember, a summary is not a conclusion. b. What other information might you want to know in order to decide what, if anything, should be done? c. Does your department operate by the city’s mission statement?

Analyzing findings from the combined agree/strongly agree perspective, it is possible to state that most respondents conclude that the department operates by the city’s mission statement as numbers prove this statement.From the perspective of the strongly agree option, the answer can be neutral or even negative because of a low...

The city is concerned about the growing numbers of homeless people and the capacity of the nonprofit service providers, faith communities, and service organizations to meet the needs as the economy gets worse. City officials would like to conduct at least three focus groups with the key players most involved in this issue. What five questions would you suggest for the focus group sessions?

What are the major and most topical concerns regarding the situation with the homeless that should be addressed first of all to improve the current situation in the city? What are the economic factors that precondition the deterioration of people’s quality of life and their becoming homeless? What governmental support...

Do a Google search for Portland’s 22nd Annual Community Survey Results, 2014, conducted by the City Auditor’s Office. a. View the survey form. In what ways does this survey follow the guidelines presented in chapter 9? In what ways is it different? How would you rate the ease of completion on a scale from 1 (hardest) to 10 (easiest)? Explain your judgment. What improvements would you suggest and how will they help? b. Critique the methodology. What worked and what did not? Explain.

a. First of all, a particular approach to sampling provided investigators with an opportunity to find individuals who can provide credible information about the investigated issue and answer the posed question. At the same time, the given survey can be considered a complex one because of the involvement of wide...

Identify gaps as well surrounding the research of race and transracialism.

The controversies surrounding the issue of race have made it impossible for many scholars and researchers to dig deeper and offer meaningful insights for improving the nature of relationships existing between communities and ethnic groups. It is evident that some sociologists have offered meaningful arguments regarding the nature of scientific...

Discuss information about Rachel Doelezal and ideas of transracialism.

The challenges associated with the construct of race have encouraged some people to reject the idea and pursue cultural beliefs and values that can support their aims in life. Sociologists refer to this kind of practice as transracialism. Transracial individuals tend to identify themselves with other or different cultural groups...

Discuss ideas about race as a social construct.

Many sociologists and researchers have examined the question of race from different perspectives. The emergence of ethnology and eugenics as major fields of study in the 18th century encouraged many people to focus on personal and biological characteristics among populations in specific geographical regions. The end result was the definition...

Discuss ideas about scientific racism.

The issue of race has continued to receive the attention of many scientists, historians, and archaeologists. In the 1600s, new concepts emerged that encouraged scholars and biologists to support the existence of empirical evidence that supported the concept of racism. According to them, the application of anthropometry, physical anthropology, and...

Chart how ideas of race began with colonialism and slavery.

The 18th century is associated with numerous forces and changes that still influence race relations in the world today. During this period, colonialism became a major global movement as different European countries scrambled and fought for territories in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. This development was informed or triggered by...

Cover information about race, how race is a social construct, and ideas about trans-racial or racial passing. Include information about race and ethnicity being mimicked or altered by beliefs and choices.

Human beings share the same genetic constitutions that make them unique from other creatures. Despite this fact, societies and communities have pursued factual ideas to categorize people depending on their geographical locations and physical appearances. This malpractice has resulted in new notions that encourage more populations to focus on their...

Several candidates for President in 2016 have contacted you. They want to know one thing: In light of post-World War II economic, political, population and social developments can either a Democratic or Republican candidate for President in the year 2016 win BOTH the states of Texas and California?

In recent years, the voters in Texas have mainly supported Republican candidates, and citizens in California have supported Democrats. However, in light of certain political, economic, demographic, and social changes associated with the post-World War II era, the situation could potentially change in the years following 2016. Thus, under certain...