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Are you a moral skeptic? Why or why not?

My tendency to criticize some ethical models that expose society members to undesirable consequences makes me a moral skeptic. Humans are social animals and thus depend on one another for survival. Individuals need to engage in behaviors and thoughts that uphold the people’s interests within their respective neighborhoods. On many...

Define and describe moral skepticism.

The term “moral skepticism” denotes a wide series of perspectives that deny or cast uncertainty on the functions of reasoning in ethics. Moral skepticism emanates from several customs, which restrict or question the sense of morality, justifiable moral stance, moral reality, moral truths or qualities, and moral reasoning. Despite the...

Read Jacobson’s book “Don’t get so upset!” Why does Jacobson emphasize the importance of “I am on your side-ness” in chapter 1?

Jacobson writes about the importance of “I am on your side-ness” because the author is convinced that the adults’ desire to understand the children helps them strengthen their confidence and become kind and humane people. She recalls that strangers’ care and participation helped her realize that it is precisely kindness...

Describe the process of operant conditioning, including the shaping procedure.

Contrary to classical conditioning, operant conditioning is a two-fold process of behavior learning. In operant conditioning, “action (or behavior) operates on the environment while the environment at the same time shapes behavior.” In such a manner, shaping occurs when the desired behavior is reinforced and consequently repeated, and undesired behavior...

What does it mean to say that India became a periphery by the mid-1800s after having been a core country? What caused this change? In your answer, be sure to explain what a core country is, what a peripheral country is, and the relationship between the two.

India has become a periphery country by the mid-1800s after being a core country. As a core country, it was independent and had a strong and developing economy. Moreover, India had a successful textile trade before Great Britain colonized India and controlled all the economic issues. After that, it lost...

Thomas Friedman argues that the ‘world is flat.’ What does this mean? What are some examples of the ongoing importance of geography, and how does this relate to Friedman’s argument?

In the meaning of Thomas Friedman, the flat world is a synonym for globalization. He stands for the idea that all countries, the businesses big and small, play their role in building our world and eventually become parts of the global process of intersection. Geography determines the competitive advantage and...

Watch Genie Wiley – TLC Documentary. Please provide at least four agencies that the client could be referred to address the serious issues in line with organizational requirements.

There are agencies that Genie could be referred to for her issues to be well addressed. A good example in her case is the state department for human services, which is mandated to deal with child protection and family services. An issue that the agency would address with regard to...

Watch Genie Wiley –TLC Documentary. Discuss the compliance with mandatory reporting requirements by reporting on these issues as a notification to child protection.

However, reporting for notification of child protection, specifically in Genie’s case, requires strict compliance with the laws that govern mandatory reporting. Firstly, the age requirement for victims of any abuse would have to be considered. In this case, Genie’s age is only thirteen, which means that she is below the...

Do you believe that race-or ethnic-specific theories are necessary? Why or why not?

Yes, I believe that race-and ethnic-specific theories are necessary to make a change. For example, the work by Sapolsky (2017) analyzes the three most common reasons why African Americans record low entrepreneurship rates. According to the article, the three reasons attributed to low entrepreneurship among African Americans are the psychological...

Define theory and elements of theory. Describe the purpose of a study framework.

A theory is an internally consistent system of ideas or principles that reveals the essential properties and regular connections of a particular area of reality in a generalized form. For a theory to be called a theory, it must contain concepts, definitions, relative statements, and assumptions that explain the phenomenon....

Visit the Tim Ferriss website and listen to Episode 387: Tristan Harris Episode. Research the topics discussed by Tristan Harris and add that knowledge to your comments or posts. You are not restricted to using only the informationfrom the podcast. Listening to the podcast is the minimum requirement.

One of the topics discussed by Tristan Harris that I have found particularly fascinating is neuro-linguistic programming (NLP). As Harris said that NLP basically “shapes the reality that we have,” I wanted to find more information on it. In addition to its description from the podcast, NLP models people’s experiences...

Find a news article on a current world event using the “World News” section of the WallStreet Journal, the New York Times, the Washington Post, the PBS Newshour website, the Associated Press, or The Times. What nation state is the topic of the article?

The analyzed article is “#DoNotTouchMyClothes: Afghan Women Women Protest Taliban Restrictions on Rights” published in New York Times. After the Taliban overtook power in Afghanistan, local women were deprived of their rights to wear what they wanted and to get an education. A campaign under the hashtag “#DoNotTouchMyClothes” arose on...

The television networks are having a controversy with Nielsen. It concerns the VAB’s claim of a drop in audience from March 2020 through March 2021. Is there any validity to the under-counting of the audience? Discuss pros and cons.

There exists validity to the under-counting of the audience from Nielsen’s metrics, and this has some pros and cons. The main advantage that the under-counting has on both Nielsen and the Video Advertising Bureau is that it makes them agree that COVID-19 has posed some challenges to television viewership. Another...

The television networks are having a controversy with Nielsen. It concerns the VAB’s claim of a drop in audience from March 2020 through March 2021. What is meant by faulty metrics?

Faulty metrics are the statistical data that has been obtained from the research, and their authenticity raises many doubts. In this particular case, VAB reproves the extent of audience declines in the network in 2020 and blames it on the errors on the part of Nielsen. As such, the controversy...

The television networks are having a controversy with Nielsen. It concerns the VAB’s claim of a drop in audience from March 2020 through March 2021. Nielsen blames the audience declines on a dry-up of new programming and intensifying consumer shifts to video-on-demand (VOD). But doesn’t Nielsen measure VOD?

On its part, Nielsen blames the audience declines to a dry-up of new programming and increasing consumer shifts to VOD. However, Nielsen does measure VOD, as evident in its report, which indicates that due to COVID-19 safety regulations, it has paused its activities, including in-home activities, and using a smaller...

Describe the difference between a longitudinal and cross-sectional developmental research design and give an example of each. Also, what is a “cohort effect,” and give an example of how it can affect each type of study.

Longitudinal and cross-sectional designs are described as developmental research strategies. According to Berk, a longitudinal developmental research design relates tothe same groups of participants continuously at different ages. Oppositely, a cross-sectional developmental research design investigates groups of participants differing in age at the same time. Therefore, the difference between research...

Define and describe ethics.

The assortment of moral standards that oversee a person’s conduct is referred to as ethics: shared pacts, cultural traditions, and religious influences all influence these morals. Regarding human demeanor, morals reflect sights regarding what might be acceptable, whatever is improper or unjust, good or dreadful. Ethics is concerned with well-founded...

Are you ethical? Explain.

I do value utilitarianism and moral reasoning when dealing with the various issues that might undermine my sustainable existence. I consider engaging in actions that have a greater good for society rather than following the existing rules. Although societal constitutions endeavor to regulate the behaviors of society, it is apparent...

Please explain the difference between ‘troubles’ and ‘issues.’ Then explain how they help us understand the relationship between ‘history’ and ‘biography’ that Mills says is so essential to understanding Sociology’s ‘promise.’

Mills describes troubles as individual tribulations while issues are societal problems. These definitions allow people to identify the connections between occurrences in their personal lives or biographies and events that impact society, which Mills refers to as history. Therefore, understanding how personal problems are related to societal challenges enables people...

Please write here what you think the ‘promise’ of sociology is?

The promise refers to the sociological imagination’s ability to enable people to develop a comprehensive understanding of their place in the greater historical and social context. In essence, individuals will be in a position to gauge whether the challenges that plague their lives are the result of personal struggles or...

Present Levin’s argument which connects the idea of abnormality with ideas about happiness. Levin thinks that this gives us reason to try to prevent people from becoming or acting as homosexuals. Murphy thinks that even if Levin is correct about the normal-to-happiness connections, the appropriate response might be quite different from what Levin contends. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of thesepositions.

The discussion in the modern scientific community about the rights of persons of non-traditional sexual orientation periodically uses arguments that relate to evolutionary theory. At the same time, they are often usedtogether with legal doctrines. The widespread occurrence of same-sex sexual behavior in the animal world is traditionally regarded as...

Locate an online news item that fits into one of the taxonomy categories, or which you judge to be accurate and factual news reporting. Share the link here, and explain which category you believe it falls into, and why. Be specific, including mentions of the news source, other features of the reporting or presentation, sources quoted or relied on, as well as specific statements in the article that support your assessment. Remember: news stories present different points of view in an attempt to be fair or objective. Be aware of how quotes are used, for example. Use critical analysis to explain why you think they are biased or unfair, if you think they are. Also note that just because news is presented with an ideological perspective, that does not make it “fake” or inaccurate reporting. Look to the facts presented.

The article I selected is by BBC News, the author is Will Grant, and the title is “Haitian migrants at US border: “We’ve been through 11 countries.” This piece of news is unbiased since its author presents a plethora of direct quotes from the migrants who explain their views. Additionally,...

How can an integration of arts support a Christian culture with literacy skills in the classroom to build a positive classroom community?

Literacy skills and building a strong cultural and religious self-identity are critical for early learners’ cognitive development and successful socialization. The integration of arts into early learning curricula can support the acquisition of diverse literacy competencies, such as print awareness and vocabulary development while being aligned with Christian values. It...

In what ways might Athenian society look similar or dissimilar from our own?

The given works provide many insights into our life of today. Thus, in his work “Clouds” Aristophanes portrays a lying and vicious Socrates, who takes money from his pupils in exchange for mysterious knowledge. With unscrupulous sophistic speeches, Socrates seduces the youth, and leads the young astray from the true...

Do humans deserve a special place in the moral community? Why or why not?

The second half of the XX century saw a new approach to the problem of the relationship of man with animals. Previously, animal advocates have not raised the question of whether they have any moral duty to animals. The new animal rights movement emerged in the late 60s and early...

Discuss the issue of economic wellbeing and human development as key agendas for global governance institutions like the UN. Focus on the evolution of the idea of development, alternative strategies for promoting and governing it, and the key actors involved.

Over the past couple of decades, the discussion surrounding the legitimacy of global governance has led to a divide between international relations theorists in regards to the standards of well-being and development established by inter-governmental organizations like the United Nations or the European Union. In my opinion, such measures of...

In the introduction to The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog, Perry draws a distinction between being human and being humane. What are the differences? Provide a personal or historical example to illustrate your point.

Despite the perceived similarities, being human and being humane are two fundamentally different aspects of one whole. Being human is a biological characteristic, whereas being humane is social, making it a distinct feature of civilization and conscience. Starting a fight with a rival at school ishuman, but helping a lost...

In many of the sessions Dr. Perry has with the children, he describes doing a coloring activity with them. How does this help his relationship with the children? What are some of his techniques?

Coloring is one of the important activities used by social workers, which includes Dr. Perry. According to Perry and Szalavitz, coloring helps with developing the appropriate social behavior patterns. It is a calm, meticulous activity, which requires concentration and creativity. Social workers can rely on these characteristics in order to...

Discuss the line between helping and hurting the community.

Humanitarian aid issues have always been present since the establishment of such an activity. To distinguish a line between help endeavors and profit-related actions under the mask of assistance, a council of countries should evaluate the existing situation. For example, French intervention in West Africa brought more harm to its...

Provide key examples of racial, gendered and social class exclusion in sport.

The key example of gendered exclusion in sport is Amy Morris Homans’s case, who started out as a physical educator. It is stated that “sports such as bicycling, golf, and tennis might inculcate in young ladies undesirable manly characteristics such as aggressiveness and confidence.” In other words, there were points...

Present one sociological problem that is worthy of discussion.

A sociological problem worthy of discussion is the inclusion of each person in one or another class, starting from birth and throughout life. A person learns to correspond to their social group in order to fit into it, transmitting, due to the parental influence, the values of one class or...

Explain the process by which human beings achieve virtue.

Moral merits refer to behaving rightly and averagely between excess and deficiency extremes, which individuals regard as vices. People learn moral features majorly through practice and habit instead of instruction and reasoning. Precisely, virtue involves possessing a suitable boldness in the direction of preference and pain. For instance, cowards may...

Discuss the elements of “Self Concept” (3 Cs and 4 Selves). Based on your understanding of what makes a healthy and confident individual?

When analyzing the Self Concept, it is crucial to understand the characteristics that define the concept fundamentally. First and foremost, the “Self-Concept” involves three factors that determine personal identification in society, both externally and internally. The complexity, which is the underlying factor, is the system of personal life “roles” and...

Discuss the difference between reality and perception. Look up the word “Paradigm” and then discuss the difference between Paradigm and reality. Relate your discussion to perceptual distortions such as stereotyping.

Throughout the whole history of social sciences, the discussion concerning reality and perception differences was profoundly analyzed by many scientists and non-specialized people. First and foremost, the term “reality” refers to the objective fact that occurred in the real world. On the contrary, “perception” is the process of subjective analysis...

Compare Symbolic-Interaction, Structural-Functional, and Social-Conflict approaches to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control.

Nowadays, when the level of criminal activities is growing, explaining the reasons behind deviance is becoming more pressing. Over the years, different approaches have been elaborated to tackle this problem, the most influential of which are theories of symbolic interaction, structural functionalism, and social conflict. While each of these theories...

Criticize structural-functional approach to deviance, crime, social control, marriage, and family, sociology of the body, health and medicine.

Structural functionalism is a direction of sociological thought, a sociological paradigm, the essence of which is to identify the elements of social interaction, determine their role and place in a more extensive social system or society as a whole, and their social functions. This approach largely contributed to the institutionalization...

When nations in North America and Europe consider their immigration policies, what type of criteria should they be able to use and not use to determine who may enter their nation? What criteria do you think would be acceptable and what criteria do you think would not be acceptable, and why?

Immigration policies employed by different countries are varied, depending on a particular country’s government’s stance toward immigration. As a process, immigration also has a variety of effects on all parts of people’s lives, including social, economic, political, and environmental consequences. The positions and opinions regarding this practice are also mixed,...

Explain the four major ethical obligations for research participants.

The four primary ethical principles in any research are beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for privacy and autonomy, and informed consent. Beneficence is referred to the fact that an experiment’s advantages for the participants should outweigh the risks, and non-maleficence means preventing harm to study subjects. Furthermore, respect for autonomy and privacy...

Explain why theories are needed in developmental science.

Like any area of research, developmental science requires theory formulation for any study. The reason why theory is critical is that it allows researchers to have a frame of reference and guidance in a particular study. Indeed, developing a hypothesis requires a deep understanding of a specific topic. For example,...

What are or have been your experiences and interactions with races other than your own? In detail, explain whether those experiences and interactions been positive or negative. Do you believe those interactions were merely shaped by race, or were other elements, like economic status, education, gender, etc., factors as well? Why or why not? In your opinion, why do we continue to see friction between racial groups in the United States? Provide examples of such friction.

Undoubtedly, minorities, especially black, acquired elevated influence and significance for social processes over the last several decades. Throughout my life, I had various interactions with several races, which predominantly were pleasant and beneficial. For example, in childhood, when I lived with my parents, the circle of my close friends included...

What are some of the ethical issues or concerns of the Stanford Prison Experiment that Zimbardo identifies or acknowledges in his responses to the interviewers in this article?

The ethical concerns of Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment emanated from the way the pseudo guards maltreated the pseudo prisoners to the extent that the researcher and his assistants could hardly tolerate. The guards abused their powers, causing the prisoners to rebel within 36 hours of the commencement of the experiment....

What was some of the historical context or relevance in Zimbardo specifically selecting a simulated prison as the context for his social experiment? In other words, what was happening in the world around this time that influenced him to develop this study?

Around this time, following the murder of George Jackson, there was the Attica revolt in New York, which created quite a heat around the prison environment to be. This was also the time that Robert McNamara, a Vietnam war proponent, was given an honorary degree by New York University. Many...

Select feminist theory or empowerment theory. Summarize the underlying principles and values of the theory.

The empowerment theory implies that individuals can face various issues because of social inequalities, discrimination, and other problems. Turner explains that this situation can be improved by “building the beloved community where justice reigns.” This theoretical lens emphasizes a robust connection between personal troubles and public issues. That is why...

Watch the film The Hunting Ground. Identify specific examples of “rape culture” on display on college campuses that leads to women specifically to consistently be targeted and victimized while at the same time offering them little justice in cases where the assaults or rapes are actually reported.

The Hunting Ground film is awash with some horrific stories of women being sexually assaulted while in universities and colleges and the lackluster approach by which campus administrators handle the issues. A former law student from Harvard University describes the frustrations and hurdles she encountered in her attempt to report...

Watch the film “Do the Right Thing.” Of what importance were the three black males sitting on the sidewalk? Pay particular attention to their discussion of the Korean market across the street.

The presence of the three Black males and their discussion about the Korean market is important as it emphasizes the existing racial tensions among different nations in the country. The Korean family is primarily treated with hostility; however, it is later revealed that African Americans have a lot in common...

Is it right to advertise to children? If you think it is appropriate to advertise to children, what special considerations if any, should be applied to such ads? Discuss in relation to examples of advertising targeted at children.

The idea of advertising to children is controversial to me. From one perspective, some advertisements might feature dangerous products for the young audience, such as alcohol, certain food items, or medical drugs, and exploit children’s vulnerabilities. For example, a soda commercial may provoke kids’ curiosity and cause them to drink...

Explain what the podcast “Gendered Lynching: Women & Extrajudicial Violence in Mexico” is about — what are the main issues being discussed? What has caused these problems? How would you begin to solve this issue?

The guest Gema Kloppe-Santamaría studied the history of lynching during the post-revolutionary period in Mexico. The main issues discussed in the podcast were the roots of lynching, the victims and perpetrators of lynching in Mexico, and the similarities and differences between lynching in the USA and Mexico. The main accent...

Explain the various methods used by gangs to identify themselves and others. Discuss the three prominent reasons why youths join gangs.

There are several basic identification methods by which gang members recognize each other and other organizations. First of all, it is possible to distinguish common gender and racial characteristics since gangs are often homogeneous societies. Consequently, for example, in the presence of a small number of people of the same...

Compare and contrast ‘masculinity’ and ‘femininity’ and explain whether a gender-neutral or a gender-specific approach is more effective in development projects. Give a well-known example to support your viewpoint.

Masculinity is a set of traits, such as physical strength, courage, and leadership, while femininity is associated with weakness, emotion, and patience. However, since both categories of qualities can be present in a person of any gender, it is necessary to use a gender-neutral approach. Gender-specific approaches impose gender roles...

As a student, you experience many stressors in your life. Using one such stressor as an example, explain at least one way in which having a social network from which you can obtain different types of social support can have an impact on your health.

One of the stressors is the need to complete many assignments, usually in a short time. The social network can help me by providing materials for training, group studying, and moral support. For example, understanding that a specific topic is as difficult for other people as for me helps me...

What causes “civil disorders”?

The Commission examined the issue globally rather than locally in an attempt to identify the origin of the disorders. Such a perspective allowed for revealing a considerable range of social tensions that are referred to in the report as the “explosive mixture.” Those tensions are mostly related to the prejudiced...

What recommendations for solutions to “civil disorders” does the Kerner Commission make?

Considering the origin of the racial disorders, the Commission recommends providing all sorts of aid to the depressive areas, in particular, financial, juridical, and social support. Those measures are expected to enable “improved political representation […] expansion of legal services, and legislative hearings on the ghetto problem.” The main spheres...

Should “civil disorders” be called rebellions, uprisings or riots? How should we define riot vs. rebellion? How do we define a race riot?

The National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders emphasizes that the events reported are not systemic and not caused by any pre-developed plan. According to the report, the “outbreak of disorder” results from the atmosphere of violence created by all sorts of discrimination. This meets the definition of a riot, specifically,...

If asked if there are too many people on the planet what would be your answer?

In my opinion, a low birth rate is not a bad phenomenon. The planet is now overpopulated; now, the situation has worsened. People have to control the birth rate and fertility to maintain the natural balance. Low fertility rates can be beneficial for parenting. If the birth of a child...

Apply social learning theory to intergenerational family violence.

The continual study of family violence shows that abusive behavior towards intimate partners and family members is transmitted intergenerationally. Social learning theory supports that thesis, claiming that people shape their attitudes through role models provided by the family. As the child progresses through their early years into adolescence, they learn...

Define and illustrate the “Code of the Streets” from Elijah Anderson.

The code of the streets is a set of unspoken, informal rules that are agreed upon by members of typically inner-city communities that are characterized by resource deprivation, racial segregation, and a lack of services. The code guides interpersonal relations, traditions and rituals, and rules of behavior based on the...

What are the main components of Cohen’s “Theory of Delinquent Subcultures”?

Cohen argued that the majority of juvenile criminals are part of the delinquent subcultures. These are intentional and naturally occurring subsystems that contradict the norms and attitudes of moral concepts held by society. Some delinquent subcultures include non-utilitarian, malicious, negativistic, versatile, hedonistic, and resistant. Each justifies hostility and aggression in...

The spatial distribution of population in the world’s two biggest regional clusters is similar in several ways, and they differ in several ways from the patterns in the third biggest regional cluster. Identify these regional clusters by name and identify at least three of the densest countries in each. Mention similarities (for ex., in landforms, settlement and economic patterns, and the transition from high to low density) shared by the first two and compare them to the different patterns in the third region.

The three biggest regional clusters are South Asia (Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh), East Asia (Japan, Korea, and China), and Europe (England, France, and Italy). The birth rates in European countries are rather low, but the vast majority of South and East Asian countries have a comparatively low rate of older...

According to studies of political socialization, what types of political attitudes are most likely to be transmitted from parents to children? What types of households are more likely to transmit these attitudes? Do you think the transmission is stronger or weaker in today’s political environment, and why?

The political attitudes that are likely to be transmitted from parents to children are the choice of political party, voting, belief in democratic ideals, political leaders, racial discrimination, and government institutions. Transmission of the attitudes is dependent on the social and economic position of a family. Thus, the transfer of...

What are some of the important changes in the modern media environment? What are the implications of those changes for the extent to which the public is affected by the mass media today compared to generations ago?

The modern media environment has changed greatly with the introduction of new media that makes it easy for people to access information. In addition, there has been an increase in programs that are tailored to the partisan and ideological disposition of the audience. These changes mean that there is more...

How did Converse study attitude stability and ideological thinking among the U.S. public? What were his main findings? What are two critiques other scholars have raised about Converse’s work? Given what you have read, do you agree with Converse or these other scholars, and why?

Converse analyzed the voting patterns in prior elections for his study on attitude stability and ideological thinking. The main findings of the study were that a lack of strong feelings on issues might be a factor in opinion instability for many individuals. He was also of the view that belief...

Define leadership and populism.

Leadership involves the act of leading by motivating people to participate in a vision or fulfill a course. In such regard, a leader needs to build a team to achieve their purpose. It also is defined as a social influence process, where other people’s efforts are maximized to attain a...

What have been some conspiracy beliefs related to COVID-19? Are men or women more likely to hold these beliefs? What factors underlie these gender differences in opinion? Might other factors lead individuals to be more likely to believe conspiracy theories around COVID-19?

Conspiracy beliefs related to COVID-19 have touched on whether the disease is real and the origins of the disease. Research shows that men are more likely to embrace the COVID-19 conspiracy theories. The reasons for men embracing conspiracy theories are personal uncertainty, learned helplessness, and conspiratorial thinking. There might be...

An important theme in public opinion is whether public opinion is stable or malleable. What readings or evidence support the claim that public opinion is stable? What readings or evidence support the claim that public opinion is malleable? Which do you find more persuasive and why?

Public opinion is essential as it provides a foundation on which a democratic government is based. Public opinion being stable means that a particular ideology or viewpoint expressed at a particular time sustains for a long period. The idea that political elites have polarized the political arena in the U.S....

You arrive in a developing African country as a Peace Corps volunteer. What aspects of a very different culture do you think would be the hardest to adjust to? What might the citizens of that country find shocking about your culture? Would your “reality” of the world change? How could this still happen in your world, without this visit?

It can be a very difficult experience arriving in a foreign country and finding people flocking along the streets. Some of the aspects of a different society to encounter include cultural stereotypes, food, dress, and language. Adapting to them would be challenging due to the language barrier. It would also...

Give an example of a time the “Contact Hypothesis” may have applied to you. You judged someone based on ethnic or racial cues, or a “clique” from school or work, stereotyping them. However, once you got to know them as a “person” in a cooperative equal status situation, your opinion changed, and the stereotype was abandoned. How often do we do this each day? Stereotype people immediately on a past experience that reminds us of this person?

I have had contact hypotheses throughout my life at home, at school, and in other social organizations. I was brought up in a community of mixed races, and my playgroup comprised of friends from native and non-native Americans. We also worship together in my local church regardless of our skin...

What are some things you do on a daily basis to practice impression management? Have you ever had a case where your attempts to manage impressions backfired? Explain. What types of face-saving behavior did you use afterwards? Explain.

Impression management is a common social aspect that people struggle with. On a daily basis, I struggle with self-presentation, apart from making perceptions consistent with my life objectives. For example, I try to share positive things about my parents and friends to present them as good people to maintain our...

Think about the agents of socialization that you have experienced in your life. Which one has been the most influential? Explain why. What events in your life have had a strong influence on whom you are? Which agents do you think were more important for your parents? Explain why?

The most influential agents of socialization include family, media, and peers. Social media is helpful in entertainment, exploring identities, sharing interests, as well as creating and maintaining friendships. Peers have fundamental in problem-solving. However, their deviant behaviors, such as bullying and exclusion, have affected my emotional development. Similarly, my family...

Why do sociologists argue that socialization is a process and not a product? It takes a full life to fully find your place in society. Where are you in this growth process?

Socialization is a process through which people learn to be proficient beings in a society. Through socialization, individuals understand societal norms and expectations, apart from appreciating their beliefs and values. Therefore, it is not a product but a process in which people acquire cultural aspects such as language, personality, religious...

Do you have a reference group that you use or have used to evaluate your life? How important is this reference group to you? How have references groups changed during the years of your life? Explain the context and importance of these changes.

I orient my life to more than one reference group to evaluate my conduct. The groups are important because their norms provide frames that influence my attitude and behavior towards particular encounters. They also serve as comparison objects setting standards that I can use to measure others and myself. Reference...

What role do you play in perpetuating global stratification? Go home and look at the tags on the back of five shirts hanging in your closet. List the countries where your shirts were assembled. How many of them are Least Industrialized Nations? What do you pay for your shirts? What do you think workers in those countries get paid? What does this example have to do with Wallerstein’s World Systems Theory? A global economy is interconnected, but who benefits? Explain.

I perpetuate global stratification through how I consume different products and how I perceive other communities. Most of my shirts were assembled in China, Indonesia, Scotland, Bangladesh, and Vietnam. Employees in the garment industry in Indonesia and Bangladesh earn approximately $180 per month. Bangladesh and Indonesia are slightly less industrialized...

When someone is sanctioned for deviating from a norm, this can reinforce the importance of that norm for other people. For example, when someone is fined for cheating the IRS, his or her friends may be jolted into being more careful about what they claim in their tax returns. Can you think of other such examples? How do you feel when someone you know “gets away” with violating a norm? Does it ever make you feel like you have a right to violate that norm as well?

Various theories have been developed to explain the existence of crimes in societies. The conflict theory best describes why crime exists, and it states that a society is in a continuous state of unrest due to competition for limited resources. According to this theory, social order arises due to power...

Do you think the “second-shift” is a temporary problem or a long-range problem regarding family and marriage? How has the issue been dealt with in your family? How do you plan to resolve the potential issues caused by the “second shift” in your own marriage or family?

The second shift can either be a temporary or long-term problem, depending on the nature of a family. For working mothers, the second shift is a long-term challenge because they retain homemaking roles when they return home despite having a cohabiter or a husband. For men who are bachelors, the...

What does minstrelsy enable Black artists to explore?

The shows by Both Donald Byrd and Camille A. Brown allow these artists to explore the essence of institutional racism, which is part of the American culture. Through these performances, the artists can gain a better understanding of the role of African Americans in a society dominated by white people.

Read below about what the term “civic engagement” means. Civic engagement means working to make a difference in one’s community and developing the combination of knowledge, skills, values, and motivation to make that difference. It means promoting the quality of life in a community through political and non-political processes. Civic participation encompasses a wide range of formal and informal activities. Based on your reading of the above, has your view of what constitutes the term “civic engagement” changed or expanded? Explain why, either yes or no, and use at least two specific examples.

Public concerns may be caused by a variety of issues, but there is usually one way to improve the situation, which is civic engagement. I learned that the quality of human life is predetermined by political and non-political processes. It is correct to say that this information has expanded my...

List the problems faced by American families. Given these problems, do you think marriage and family are worth the effort? Why or why not?

American families face a wide range of challenges, including divorce and remarriage, domestic violence, infidelity, and child abuse. Divorce and remarriage are stressful for both parents and children. Marital conflict deprives a family of an ideal child caring environment, which is exacerbated by divorce because it threatens children’s security. Infidelity...

After viewing An Inconvenient Truth Sequel, are you willing to be part of social change? How about after viewing Smile Pinkie, how can you advocate for change and be part of the solution? Do you think you will continue this after class end?

After viewing an Inconvenient Truth Sequel, I am ready to be part of social change. After watching Smile Pinkie, I can advocate for change through social campaigns to transform the world. Transforming the world will start with small efforts that will turn into a big thing to transform the universe....

With all the societal changes the Coronavirus has imposed on society describe. Define the pandemic and how this has affected you personally. How are societal norms man-made and so easily changed? Please list at least five norms that have changed since the virus. Comment on how international economy or responsibility has been emphasized through this Coronavirus pandemic.

A pandemic refers to an epidemic affecting a wider area and across international boundaries with impeding effects on many people. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected my personality in disparate ways. For instance, lockdown procedures have lowered my levels of extroversion and increased conscientiousness, which enables me to observe safety rules...

When and how do you think we should learn about blackface minstrelsy?

Learning about blackface minstrelsy should always be consensual or be preceded by trigger warnings since many people may find it difficult to see or even offensive. Universities are not the only place where individuals can learn about this topic. Theaters and museums also can give insights into the problem from...

Describe any of your own civic engagement activities that you have engaged in up to this point. Be specific. It doesn’t have to be big. Or, if you’ve done nothing on the “bucket list,” choose someone you know who has done civic engagement and describe, being specific, what they’ve done.

There are many ways to become successful in civic engagement. “We The Purple” campaign introduced the bucket list, including the necessity to stay informed, vote, participate, help others, and get social. I want to be a properly engaged individual who understands the worth of civic activities. At this moment, being...

Summarize the video “Disabling Segregation” by Dan Habib.

In the video, Dan Habib talks about people with disabilities and his friends and family. He says that people with disabilities should be included in the common good and development in the typical community. However, he emphasized that this topic is not raised and explained in society. There are obvious...

Summarize the video “Every kid needs a hero” by Rita Pierson.

Challenges identified by Rita Pierson include the negativity from peer influences, poverty, and low attendance that make children drop out of school. In addition, the lack of discussion of the importance of human connection and, therefore, relationships play a huge role. As mentioned by Pierson, teachers’ perception that they are...

Summarize the video “When the chips are down with Rick Lavoie.”

Rick Lavoie delivered a speech on kids with learning disabilities and approaches to them by adults. He highlighted many issues, including kids with learning disabilities being unable to structure themselves and adults providing no external structure. Lack of understanding of performance inconsistency as a part of learning disabled kids profile...