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In Gardner’s opinion, what is one of the weaknesses in Pascal’s Wager in the form in which it was originally formulated? How does Gardner modify Pascal’s Wager to avoid this problem? Be prepared to explain this.

This Wager’s explanation can be faced with emotional decisions at times when there is no ground for decision. Wagers option was only applicable at times when one knew that God already existed. Gardener modified it by believing in God and immortality, and that faith was more important than the church....

What point is Taylor attempting to make when he uses the example of the stones scattered on the hillside resembling the letters: The British Railyway Welcomes You to Wales? What is the second example he uses to illustrate this same point? How are these two examples connected to Taylor’s discussion of human sense organs, and the human brain and nervous system? Explain.

Taylor’s utility of the example of the stones on the British Railways is an implication that no one can prove that these stones were purposefully arranged by anyone or they just happened to be on that order accidentally. He says that it is possible that the stones rolled from the...

What is a naturalist?

The naturalist is a theory by people who are too inclined to nature to the extent that they believe that nothing exists except for nature itself. Naturalists do not believe in miracles since miracles occur in supernatural ways. To them, nature means merely anything that we can sense with our...

What is a supernaturalist?

This derives its argument from the fact that something exists in its right but not with “the whole show.” According to this ideal, things exist in two groups. First, one thing or things exist on their own, and they are basic and original because none of them relies on the...

If naturalism is true, why would miracles be impossible? Explain.

Naturalism is a method that, with regard to miracles, can best be understood when it is thought of as a system of government. Naturalism in its own respect exhibits a democratic form of leadership in contradiction to supernaturalism which exhibits qualities of a monarchy in reality. The privilege of being...

Many people recognize that our social safety depends upon the “fair play” of “moral behavior” of the individuals who comprise it. It has led some to suggest that “moral behavior” is due to the realization on the part of most individuals that a peaceful society is a necessary prerequisite to a safe life. What does Lewis have to say about this?

According to Lewis, our peace and safety, as well as fair play, depends on our moral behavior and its obedience to it by society. Lewis calls this decency to mean the standard behavior that is known by all individuals. He adds that what we are in society is the good...

How does Lewis respond to the suggestion that “the moral law is just a social convention”? Be prepared to give at least two different reasons mentioned by Lewis to support this idea.

In response to the claim that moral law is just a social convention, Lewis says that whatever we learn from parents, teachers is not necessary to be as a result of human invention. We learn the rules of decent behavior from our parents, teachers, friends, and books, but some of...

With what does Stace compare ordinary consciousness? What are the three parts in which he divides it using his analogy?

Considering James’ views on mystical consciousness, W.T. Stace admits that it is entirely different from ordinary consciousness. Stace compares ordinary consciousness with the house of three stores. This analogy enables Stace to demonstrate the fact that ordinary consciousness is sensory-intellectual. The ground floor of the house consists of physical sensations,...

Stace mentions five positive characteristics of mystical consciousness. What are they?

The five positive characteristics of mystical consciousness that Stace offers are as follows: • It is an “undifferentiated unity.” Contrary to the ordinary consciousness, which consists of a multitude of objects (images, ideas), there is no this multiplicity in mystical consciousness;• Mystical consciousness implies the dissolution of individuality. In the...

Watch Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s TED Talk “The Danger of a Single Story.” Why does Adichie say that she only began to consciously identify as African when she moved to the United States? Why does she “come to embrace this new identity”?

There are two possible reasons why Adichie admits not consciously identifying as African until moving to the U.S. First, it usually requires a person to leave their homeland in order to start appreciating and perceiving it as their real home. Second, it is unlikely that in Africa, people frequently discuss...

Watch Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s TED Talk “The Danger of a Single Story.” Consider Adichie’s discussion about her trip to Mexico. What does she learn about the perils of defining others by a single story?

When traveling to Mexico, Adichie realized that she perceived local people as abject immigrants. The disadvantage and even the peril of defining others by a single-story lie in overall misperception because the opinion is one-sided. In addition, there is a risk of starting to see people one heard about only...

Watch Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s TED Talk “The Danger of a Single Story.” Adichie concludes her piece by telling us that “when we realize that there is never a single story about any place, we regain a kind of paradise.” Explain.

After Adichie’s wonderful, touching, and sincere speech, it becomes evident that one should avoid trusting single stories. When people realize that there is never a single story about any place, they regain a kind of paradise because they free themselves of biases, stereotypes, and negative views. Instead, they become open...

Johnson’s main argument about how the industrial revolution transformed family and gender dynamics and what he means when he says, ‘In many ways, women are completing a transformation of family role structures that men began more than a century ago.’

According to Johnson, the industrial revolution changed family and gender dynamics since it reduced men’s patriarchal authority and control over production. Men worked in the capacity of employees, while company owners and managers regulated the output process. Similarly, the industrial revolution recruited women for paid labor; hence, mothers worked away...

Johnson connects the individual acts of male violence to the structural and cultural foundations of male privilege. What are his arguments about why male violence is ‘invisible’ and how individual acts of male violence are connected to social structures of male privilege and the patriarchal ideal of manhood in North American culture?

Johnson states that male violence is invisible because the topic has received little research focus. In ordinary circumstances, the power and threat that harasses and sexually violates women are found in “adult males.” However, there are no typical indicators to identify a violent man. This fact justifies women fearing all...

A major focus of sociologists is how social interactions are shaped by —and reproduce — social structural aspects of society (like capitalism, patriarchy and racism). Johnson engages with the work of linguist Dr. Deborah Tannen who looks at the interaction dynamics between boys and girls (and between women and men). What is Johnson’s critique of her work and what sociological points does he make about these gendered dynamics?

According to Johnson, Dr. Deborah Tannen’s view that boys learn aggressive behavior from other boys is a shallow argument because she does not explain where the senior males sourced the skills. Additionally, Tannen does not elaborate on why the boys’ adoption of aggressive behavior is the “path of least resistance.”...

Johnson describes a street encounter. What would have been the path of least resistance for Johnson to take in this encounter and how does he go against this path of least resistance?

In Johnson’s street encounter with the woman who was running from him, his path of least resistance would have been to approach the person, introduce himself, and convince her that he was not the type of man who harassed women. He also thought of informing the woman to consider him...

Watch Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s TED Talk “The Danger of a Single Story.” Adichie talks about how “impressionable and vulnerable we are in the face of a story, particularly as children.” Explain what she means.

When mentioning the impressionability and vulnerability of people – kids in particular, in the face of a story, the speaker means the inevitable influence of books. Children usually believe what they see or read several times, and they have difficulty connecting and distinguishing between reality and imagination or their and...

In your opinion, what are the pros and cons of online social interaction?

As much as the Project Socialize documentary talks about the cons of online social interactions, its usage has undeniable advantages. Online social interaction has minimized the global into a global village and has made sure that people who would have otherwise never talked stay in touch. Businesses have been groomed...

How might the media influence the teens apart of this Amish community?

The Amish community is known for its plainclothes and conservativeness. Social media is opening doors and possibilities that no one thought were possible. Social media can cause a revolt and thus change the culture when it concerns teenagers growing up in these times. The teens may want to go ahead...

What is the most important difference between the way that constructivist theorists use the term “norms” and the way that English School theorists use that term?

Constructivist theories are grounded in social norms that describe a general and standard behavior expected from different actors. The states are integral entities that interact with others in developing their identities within specific realms. This means that the countries belonging to a particular identity must comply with the established expectations....

What does Michael Tooley think is necessary for one to have a right to something?

Tooley believed that a living being has a right to something only if they have the concept of that thing, known as the ‘conceptual possession requirement.’ His most famous and controversial argument was regarding abortion and infanticide, suggesting that they have no right to life because they do not yet...

What characteristics does Mary Anne Warren think are necessary for something to have moral standing?

Warren established five criteria of personhood that are necessary to be considered a human and, therefore, moral standing. These include consciousness (particularly the capacity to feel pain), reasoning, self-motivated activity (independent of external control), capacity to communicate by any means, and presence of self-concept and self-awareness. Similarly, Tooley infamously argued...

Why does Anderson think the Three Laws of Robotics should be rejected if machines have moral standing? Why does Anderson think the Three Laws should be rejected even if machines don’t have moral standing?

Anderson argues that if a machine has enough complexity to become a being that meets some form of moral standing requirement, the Three Laws become immoral because they essentially subjugate the machine to slavery under humans. However, once a being has moral standing, slavery, by all means, is an immoral...

Please briefly summarize what it means to have an inductive approach.

With an inductive methodology, information is gathered, and hypothetical experiences are obtained from the existing data. The approach suggests that researchers first gather data and continue to create a hypothesis from the information. This way, a scientist goes from explicit to general. Regularly, an exploration question is better characterized when...

Describe how the research carried out by Daniel & Billingsley (2010) was inductive.

Daniel and Billingsley move from statistical data, which states that people with autism have difficulty communicating with people. Then, they induce that children with autism have a problem making new friends at school. They use the basic knowledge about the condition and the way it affects the behavior and cognition...

In the book Learning from Strangers, Robert Weiss presents a list of 7 “Reasons to conduct a qualitative interview study”. Please read through that list, choose one of the reasons, and explain how it applies to either the study we read by Daniel & Billingsley (2010) or the study by Carrington et al. (2003). That is, based on Weiss’s list of reasons, what is a reason that the study was carried out?

Weiss states that “in general, the dense information obtained in qualitative interviewing permits description of the many sectors of a complex entity and how they go together.” Carrington et al. attempt to consider various viewpoints to make their suppositions on insights about friendship in young patients with Asperger’s disorder. For...

Please watch the TED Talk by Tricia Wang and read the transcript of it. Wang is discussing in-depth qualitative research called “ethnography”. From about 3:20 to 5:40 in the video, Tricia Wang describes qualitative research she did. What did she do? What do you suppose her data looked like? Most importantly, what makes Tricia Wang’s research a qualitative study? Later in the talk, Tricia Wang discusses “thick data”. What is “thick data”? What does it have to do with qualitative research?

In the TED Talk video, Tricia Wang talks about the importance of a qualitative design study. She brings an example where she conducted research for Nokia in 2009 and gathered data for the company’s future developments. However, her data was not quantifiable but qualitative and considered only a small group...

Identify and describe three guiding principles of Systems of Care, as described by the Stroul, Blau, & Friedman, that you believe your field placement could improve upon to meet the needs of your clients. Also, provide a solution for how your agency could improve to meet each of these guiding principles.

The selected field placement is the department of probation. Therefore, the responses reflect its processes and working experience. Systems of Care (SOC) is the coordinated community-based network that provides services for families, youth, child-serving, and cultural and linguistic competencies. SOC includes various guiding principles, and the most applicable for the...

Should parents have the right to choose their children’s genes in order to bring about or avoid certain traits? Why or why not? If it is sometimes acceptable, when is it acceptable and when isn’t it? Give specific examples to support your points. Finally, at some point in your answer, draw on at least one of the ethical theories reviewed this week – Consequentialism or the Principle of Humanity – to support your moral position.

Parents should have the right to choose their children’s genes since they want the best life for their kids. Even though most parents desire success for their children, they do not want to know the precautions for designing babies, such as sociological problems. This can be acceptable when one or...

List some of the positive and negative consequences of designer babies. For each thing you list, describe a scenario in which a designer baby technique might be used and explain whether it would lead to good consequences or bad consequences, and why.

A positive consequence of designer babies includes reducing the chances of genetic disorders. The use of genetic modification technology also reduces the likelihood of inheriting certain traits such as anemia, obesity, or genes that are vulnerable to cancer. It helps increase human life expectancy by editing defective genes and retaining...

Supervision requires an understanding of the complex needs that affect individual employee performance. In your own words, describe your understanding of how motivation theories can be useful in a supervisory relationship. Also, compare and contrast two content theories in your response.

Motivation theories can be helpful in a supervisory relationship to provide the manager with a better understanding of how to influence their wards and make them work effectively. Indeed, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs reveals that addressing an individual’s safety and hunger would increase the likelihood of taking action and highlights...

Describe the main difference between a goal and an objective. Identify and describe the meaning of objectives that are SMART. Describe one SMART objective related to your current field placement or place of employment AND briefly describe how this SMART objective impacts your work with your FYT clients.

Goals are the broad statements that can describe a main idea or achievement, while objectives are the specific and measurable applications that can be immediately turned into actions. The SMART approach can help develop an objective that is clear, measurable, achievable, realistic, and timely. Thus it is often used for...

Should parents have the right to choose their children’s genes in order to bring about or avoid certain traits? Possible answers: Yes, in pretty much all contexts; No, in pretty much all contexts; It pretty much depends on the context.

Although modern technology provides the means to alter the genes of unborn children, there is much ethical debate over the topic and many causes to dissuade parents from genetically modifying their babies. The fundamental genetics of the desirable traits such as intelligence and beauty is complex and might not appear....

Explain how average annual percentage changes in the U.S. population by race from 1995 to 2050 should influence today’s diversity planning for organizations of the future.

In the United States, the population is increasing at a high rate. The Asian community is expected to reach approximately 33 million by 2040. Between 1995 and 2050, the black and Hispanic people would have risen at more than double the rate of that of the white community. Therefore, administrators...

Assume you are ethnocentric. List three specific beliefs about your own culture that you might possess. Would such beliefs be a hindrance or a help in your becoming a successful manager? Explain.

Three cultural beliefs, which I may possess, include first, my community’s traditional morals are far superior to others. Second, men are more intelligent than women, and third, the leadership role should be left to the older generation because they are wiser. Such views would be a massive impediment to being...

Discuss at what point an interview becomes an interrogation. Why is it important to know when this shift takes place?

An interview may become an interrogation when the questions asked are designed to extract confession where the inquirer has concrete evidence which connects the suspect with the crime. During questioning, the asker dominates the communication, unlike during an interview where the suspect dominates the communication. The investigator makes comments which...

Discuss the concepts of neurolinguistic programming and the substance of the communication. What are some of the types of nonverbal communications that an interviewer or interrogator needs to pay attention to, and why?

Neurolinguistic Programming is a psychological approach that uses behavioral and communication methods, making it easier for people to change their actions and thoughts. The critical element of this approach is practical communication. If one person understands how another person accomplished a task, this process can be communicated and copied by...

Provide a definition of what is sociology and why studying it.

Sociology is a study of society, and it enables people to understand themselves and others better. It can be defined as the contemporary study of social life, social interactions, social changes, causes, and consequences of human behavior. Sociology also investigates societies, their eternal and external interactions, and the processes of...

Present the main tenets or principles of the 3 major sociological perspectives, and provide the criticism to them.

The three main sociological perspectives include functionalist theory, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionist theory. These approaches consider the same social problems from different angles. Functionalism is based on the works of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Auguste Comte, and Robert Merton. The main idea of functionalism is that a strong society...

What SCM (Science Centre or Museum) are you examining and in what SCM is your exhibit and how might that impact what you are experiencing? What is the scientific focus of the exhibit or SCM that you are touring? What is its main ‘message’? Who is the intended audience or user of this exhibit or SCM? How do you know? Which media are incorporated into the virtual tour?

The selected SCM (Science Centre or Museum) being investigated and examined is the “COVID Science Spotlight at the Exploratorium”. The identified option is an Exploratorium, and it is capable of widening my experience and knowledge of viruses, including the coronavirus.  The scientific focus on the selected SCM is on the...

Explain the relationships among power, organizations, and societies.

Power is an indispensable element of any society due to its hierarchical structure and the uneven distribution of resources. There are always leaders and followers and specific power dynamics. An organization can be seen as a social microcosm, which is why the concept of power applies to it as well. 

How would you describe the sensory presentation of the SCM (Science Centre or Museum) or exhibit? What emotional or experiential impacts do the sensory aspects of the SCM or exhibit have on you? Please discuss specific examples in your answers.

After going through the virtual exhibit, I have observed that it is virtually pleasing because the designers have used attractive colors and fonts. The design is acceptable and encourages the user to follow each section. Through the presented designs and step-by-step procedures, visitors can engage in learning and identify how...

Does the SCM (Science Centre or Museum) or exhibit you toured effectively use digital technologies to communicate scientific information in an online context? Why or why not? Please discuss specific examples in your answer.

The SCM (Science Centre or Museum) exhibit COVID Science Spotlight at the Exploratorium relies on the power of digital technologies to achieve the intended aim. Specifically, the reader or visitor is guided to rely on the Internet to visit the specific site and perform a number of activities. For example,...

On a scale of 1-5 where one is the weakest and 5 is the strongest, how would you rate the interactivity of the exhibit or SCM (Science Centre or Museum) you toured? Why? If you were hired by that cultural institution to improve the interactivity of the online experience, what would be your top three recommendations and why?

From a personal perspective, I would be keen to rate the overall interactivity of this exhibit fairly. Specifically, a rating of 4 would be appropriate since it succeeds in presenting a number of features and sections that resonate with the demands of any given visitor. The designers have also relied...

What models of public understanding of science underlies the exhibit or SCM (Science Centre or Museum) you toured? Please discuss using specific examples in your answer.

After interacting with the selected online exhibit, the visitor would acknowledge that the contextual model of public understanding of science underlies it. According to it, such a framework supports the notion that individuals will not be willing to respond to containers that do not have adequate information. Instead, they tend...

List and discuss five human needs.

Maslow’s pyramid of needs implies that human decision-making is undergirded by five human needs. The first two levels are considered low-level needs: the former encompasses resources necessary for basic survival (food, water, clothes), while the former includes all forms of safety. Because humans are social creatures, they have love and...

Discuss Argyris’ ideas on “self-actualization” trends.

Argyris’ ideas are somewhat similar to McGregor’s Theory Y in the way that they criticize modern administration for ignoring the human need for self-actualization. Maslow’s pyramid is another inspiration for Argyris that informs him on the highest level of human self-fulfillment that can be applied to organizations. Argyris criticizes bounded...

How did Rosenhan (1973) attempt to control extraneous variables with regard to the pseudopatients and reduce method error? Give at least two examples and how they were meant to reduce method error.

The Rosenhan experiment aimed to test the validity of psychiatric diagnosis and determine the role of bias and stigma in classifying abnormal behaviors. It sparked public debate regarding the methods and findings of the study. In Rosenhan’s field experiment, the simulated symptoms of the pseudopatients were the independent variable (IV),...

In Rosenhan’s experiment, eight of the nine pseudopatients were admitted with a psychiatric diagnosis. In terms of the doctors’ diagnostic criteria, how does this demonstrate that although reliability is necessary for validity, a reliable measure is not necessarily valid? Make sure to define reliability and validity in your answer.

Reliability and validity are critical concepts in research quality; however, they refer to different measurement aspects. Reliability implies the consistency of a measure and defines whether the research results can be replicated under the same conditions. In turn, validity refers to the accuracy of measurement, determining whether the findings evaluate...

If we consider the hospital staff that diagnosed the pseudopatients as the “participants,” was Rosenhan’s (1973) study ethical? Apply the APA’s ethical standard of beneficence to defend your argument in either direction (i.e., there is no single answer… the key is to defend your position with specific evidence).

Along with discussions on psychiatric diagnosis, Rosenhan’s study raised a number of ethical concerns. In particular, while being informative, the experiment is often considered ethically unacceptable and methodologically incorrect. No informed consent was obtained from the hospital staff, which should be considered the participants of the study, equal to pseudopatients...

Write down the ten countries with the current Highest TFRs (total fertility rates) and the ten countries with the current Lowest TFRs. Explain and contrast the dynamics that you see between these countries and their respective TFR and GNI PPP.

The distribution of total fertility rate and gross national income in both countries with the highest TFR and lowest TFR appear to have a negative relationship. The scatter plot and trend line confirm that the total fertility rate and gross national income per capita have a significant negative relationship in...

How do we regulate interest groups and lobbying activity? What are the goals of these regulations? Do you think these regulations achieve their objectives? Why or why not? If you could alter the way we regulate interest group activity and lobbying, how might you do so in a way consistent with the Constitution and recent Supreme Court decisions?

Regulating interest groups and lobbying activities are vital to ensuring that the specified groups act in good faith and that the needs of all citizens are taken into account, with no rights infringement occurring. For this purpose, the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946 was introduced and has been...

Is it possible for a serious third party to emerge in the United States, positioned ideologically between the Democrats on the left and the Republicans on the right? Why or why not?

The current political climate of the U.S. can be described as tense and extensively prone to conflict. Since the Left and the Right as the major political forces in the U.S. setting have recently been seen in their extreme manifestations, the need for a middle ground has developed. Consequently, a...

What African region has the highest TFR (total fertility rate)? What advantages and disadvantages does Africa have by having the youngest population in the world?

The African region with the highest TFR of 5.8 is Middle Africa.  For having the most youthful population in the world, Africa has some advantages. The young population comprises critical human resources as the youth provides sufficient labor for economic growth and development. Moreover, a youthful population ensures sustainability in...

Explain the reasons why Demographic trends may make us more vulnerable to pandemics.

Demographic trends of population mobility, high density, overexploitation of natural resources, household size, and aging people increase pandemics’ vulnerability. The movement of people within and between countries enhances the spread of pandemics. In the Spanish pandemic of 1918, the soldiers’ mobility during the first-World War contributed to the spread of...

Explain what factors could influence the Infant Mortality Rate and the TFR in Canada?

The low infant mortality rate could be explained by enhanced socioeconomic status due to high gross national income per capita. The Canadian population can access quality care, eat the proper nutrition, and afford a quality life. Low mortality rates, accessibility to birth control services, and affluent lifestyle contribute to a...

Check three major sources of stress for you. Write about each of them with detail: Time Management, Personal Expectations, Family Expectations, Family Life, Employment Decisions, Finances, Educational Pressures, Living Arrangements, Relationships , Physical Health Issues, Environmental Stressors, Information Overload, Choices, Daily Hassles

Time Management  For me, time management is one of the most significant stressors that affect me almost every day. Unfortunately, even though I love studying and enjoy preparing for nearly every task I get, I still have severe problems with planning my activities and calculating how long it should take...

Is Fight or Flight Necessary? Check those that require the fight-or-flight response, and explain in detail why you choose those you checked: Having an argument, Being told you have a serious illness, Opening the mail to find a large bill that is apparently incorrect, Escaping from a fire, Driving in traffic, Losing balance while walking down the stairs, Arriving late for a meeting, Working on a project due tomorrow & being interrupted, Being chased by a mugger

I believe that having an argument, escaping from a fire, losing balance while walking down the stairs, being chased by a mugger, and being told you have a serious illness are examples of fight-or-flight situations. At these moments, one’s life is in real danger, and specific responses are necessary to...

How do you explain the fact that we feel stressed in situations where there is no real danger involved? What can you tell yourself and do, in these situations in order to put the stressful event in perspective and keep your stress responses in proportion to the actual situation?

There are several possible ways to explain the fact that we may feel stressed in situations where there is no real danger involved. First of all, imagination is an extremely powerful tool. In some cases, there is no need for a real threat to appear because one’s brain can make...

Describe the powerlessness and hopelessness cycle that many older adults face today.

Many older adults today face a lot of challenges. These challenges include powerlessness and a hopeless cycle that affect many elderly people. And, in order to understand the elderly problems, they can best analyze in terms of economic, social, physical, and psychological. Economically, many elder people do not have adequate...

Define family and its role in the community.

A family is a basic social unit or a group made up of parents and children. The unit may be a single-parent family consisting of one adult parent with a child or children or a traditional family made up of parents and children. They may be living together or separately....

Give an example of a conceptual framework for family assessment.

There are several conceptual frameworks such as cultural competence, Neuman’s systems model, and the family-centered service (FCS) that have been used in family assessment. In particular, the most important factor in family assessment is FCS. It is widely used in service delivery for families and children. According to Lenburg, FCS...

Have you seen this kind of difference in communication style between men and women?

Many people see the differences between males’ and females’ patterns of thinking as a result of where they both have originated from. Due to the distinctive differences, people have come up with different theories to explain why these two genders are notably dissimilar. One of the most popular explanations is...

How can the gender gap in communication be bridged?

This gender gap can only be bridged through cross-cultural interaction and understanding of different cultural beliefs. Since the issue in these cases is reverence, the nurse can try to use a polite tone and try to show some respect for the male. This way, she might be able to convince...

How would you incorporate a person from a culture of your choice into your team?

To incorporate an individual whose culture does not allow free interaction between males and females, I will be very careful to respect his or her culture. My culture does not restrict interaction between males and females. However, that does not mean that all other cultures that do are wrong. With...

Describe some social problems that were developed in the 1960s and later that helped to narrow the race or ethnicity disparity of infant mortality. In describing these programs, list the names of these programs, what year they were developed as well as how did these programs positively impact infant mortality?

In order to reduce infant mortality among African American population, the US government conducted several programs in the 1960s. For example, Krieger et al. state that the “War on Poverty,” civil rights legislation, and the establishment of Medicare that occurred in the mid of 1960s promoted the decline of infant...

Describe the study conducted by Devan Pager, “Examples of Everyday Racism” (2004). What were the aims of the study, who were the subjects, and what were the findings from this landmark study? How does this study impact how we see race and its impact?

The study “Examples of Everyday Racism” by Devah Pager examines the relevance of labor market discrimination. To support her claims, the author provides empirical evidence. African American employees were the subjects of the study. As a result of the field experiments, it was stated that the discrimination against African Americans...