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Explain and evaluate Thomas Merton’s spiritual approach to the Christian life.

One of the most influential Catholic authors of the twentieth century, Thomas Merton, is also famous for proposing a very negotiable spiritual approach to the Christian life. He got converted to Catholic Church in his mid-twenties and published several books which deal with several of his spiritual reflections. “He attempted...

Compare and contrast two models of Church using Avery Dulles’s views.

A great contributor to the studies of the Church, Cardinal Avery Dulles has been a phenomenal figure in Catholic studies. Among the several books he has published, the one dealing with the various models of the Church is regarded as especially significant. It is important to note that “when one...

Explain the difference between the Jesus of faith and the Jesus of history.

In an attempt to explain the difference between the Jesus of faith and the Jesus of history, it may be noted that sometimes a remark is made as ‘The Jesus of History and the Christ of Faith.’ It is significant as it distinguishes between the historical Jesus and the Christ...

What is revelation?

There have been several concepts concerning God and Bible that are not easily comprehensible by the human brain and reasoning but only that God can reveal to a man from His bountiful mercy. The Catholic tradition understands revelation in the background of God’s concern to humanity in revealing the secrets...

Discuss and evaluate St. Augustine’s Confessions.

One of the great church fathers in his The Confessions deals with the most permanent spiritual questions that have roused the minds and hearts of thoughtful men from time immemorial. Interestingly the work which was written in A.D. 397 is not an autobiography as opposed to the general notion. It...

Explain the meaning of the following remark in the context of B. C. Johnson’s article “God and the Problem of Evil:” “It is not unlike a lawyer defending his client by claiming that the client is innocent and therefore the evidence against him must be misleading – that proof vindicating the defendant will be found in the long run.”

B.C. Johnson compares a lawyer defending a client to a person defending God against claims of the people who say that he is not ‘good.’ According to Johnson, the consequences of God’s actions can be understood consequently as they are oriented towards future good and moral results. So, if God...

If a person claims that he trusts in God – despite all of the pain and evil that occurs in the world – and that no argument can undermine his faith, what in Johnson’s opinion does this establish?

According to Johnson, it establishes theist faith voluntarism which prevents scholars and moralists from finding the true reasons for God’s behavior. According to Johnson, ‘retreating to faith’ is an obscurantist position of people who refuse to see that God can be as well as good as evil and vice versa....

What does the word “theodicy” mean? What is the primary goal of this enterprise?

Theodicy means logical proof of God’s existence, including defining his general abilities and qualities. Theodicy usually follows a strict logical Aristotelian pattern created within Thomist philosophy. Assuming some starting point as true, theodicy follows to deduce all corresponding conclusions, which makes it look scientifically grounded. According to Kant, however, theodicy...

How does John Hick attempt to reconcile natural evils (e.g., floods, earthquakes, disease, etc.) with the idea that God is benevolent? Be prepared to describe two different ways that Hick attempted to do this.

Hick, in his justification of God’s benevolence, claims that earthquakes, famines, and other natural disasters are designed by God to improve the moral conditions of people, making them more helpful and compassionate to each other. Generally, this argument coincides with similar arguments defending God’s benevolence from the viewpoint of evil’s...

How does Watts respond to the accusation that the Oriental metaphysic excludes or denies meaningful relationships? Be prepare to explain how this problem relates to the Christian doctrine of the Trinity.

Oriental metaphysics excludes meaningful relationships in a number of ways, according to Watts. He says that the soul and the body comprise the making of man. Man does not have two souls. The psychic man does not receive the things of the spirit of God, for they are folly to...

What points is Watts trying to make when he discusses the conditions under which “a free and deliberate of the divine will can be made”? What problem does this issue present to the Christian mind?

He tries to say that evil did not just originate from nowhere but was created by God himself. The conditions created suggest that Catholics have to believe in a being conjured up out of nothing, malice so incredible as to doom himself of countless others to everlasting damnation. The problem...

Which of the four yogas mentioned by Smith in the chapter on Hinduism resembles closest Watts’ description of “wu-shin”? Which one most closely resembles the previous one mentioned by Watts?

The yogas by Smith that resemble those of watts include the concentration of consciousness so that awareness disappears. This concentration does not include las. Pure consciousness of the self comes. The second involves concentration with clear attention, which is the ability to retain. According to Wu-Hsin, traditionally, one doesn’t judge...

What is Rumspringa? How does this relate to American sweet sixteen rituals?

Rumspringa, which means running around without bounds, is an Amish coming age of sixteen tradition that gives the children the freedom to run free and experience life in a huge way. The Rumspringa is similar and related to the sweet sixteen American rituals where the father gives the girl heels...

How does your principle found in Elijah and the Widow at Zarephath fit with the rest of the Scripture? This principle is the one you have written out in 1-3 sentences in the Interpretation section. If your principle is a true Biblical principle, it will be reflected throughout the Scriptures. Where is the principle discovered in this Old Testament narrative found elsewhere in the Scriptures?

The principle of the story “Elijah and the Widow at Zarephath” teaches that God will not leave those who believe in him in hard times. But faith will be put to trial, as the believer will have to make decisions that can sometimes be contrary to common sense. The same...

Determine the author’s main point in the parable “Elijah and the Widow at Zarephath”. Explain what you think the author is trying to communicate in this passage. Remember, the Old Testament narratives frequently communicate truth by showing it to us in story form instead of telling it to us by way of teaching or sermon.

The main idea of the author of the parable “Elijah and the Widow at Zarephath” was to demonstrate to readers that God is always with them, even in the most difficult moments. The story also says that “God has no hands but ours. The whole story of prophet Elijah’s wandering...

How does this Old Testament narrative (Elijah and the Widow at Zarephath) fit within the metanarrative of the Bible? State what type of story you believe this to be (creation, fall, redemption, or new creation) and explain why you believe this to be so.

The Old Testament narrative about the prophet Elijah is part of the redemption narrative. At the beginning of the first story about Elijah, God sent a drought to Ahab’s land for his sins. However, stories about Elijah are also forerunners of stories of the new creation, as God asks Elijah...

How does this Old Testament narrative (Elijah and the Widow at Zarephath) reflect the person and work of Jesus Christ? State and explain at least one way that the principle of this narrative can be identified in the person and work of Jesus Christ.

The principle of trust in God, obedience to God, and humility during trials are also reflected in the person of Jesus Christ. He ascends to Golgotha and accepts a painful death, as it was the will of God. Even Jesus Christ doubts before taking death from the Romans. These doubts...

Why is meditation crucial to both Hinduism and Buddhism, what’s the point?

Meditation among the Hindus is very important where it has played a very important role in the yoga traditions. This is all about contemplation and recitation of sacred verses. It helps one to concentrate and understand a particular problem. The human mind is likened to muddy and turbulent water, and...

Explain reincarnation and attachment. What are we attached to?

Reincarnation is the cycle that is followed when one dies. It is believed that after one dies, the soul never dies because it is immortal. The physical body is nothing else but a vehicle that the soul was using. It is believed that it is controlled by the Law of...

Explain what differentiates Christians most from Jews.

One difference between the Jews and the Christians is religion. That of the Jews is referred to as Jewish, while that of Christians is called Christianity. This is what could be regarded as the primary difference between the two groups. Jews do not believe in Jesus, and when a Jew...

Describe Navajo people beliefs about health and healing power.

The Navajo people practice beliefs and traditions about health that are deeply rooted in their religious faith. Navajo healing practices entail restoring the well-being and harmony to an individual’s lifestyle. First, most of the Navajo ceremonies are for the protection from bad luck while others are done particularly for healing....

Compare dying and death practices between Muslims and Catholics.

Death and dying are very grave issues and not many people are willing to talk about them openly. Certain rituals and practices are conducted to prepare the dying. In Islam, death symbolizes the transition from life on earth to the eternal abode. Muslims are encouraged not to resist death but...

Read Clough’s “On Animals: Systematic Theology”. What biblical and theological support had you not previously considered in your own perspective on creation?

The perspectives on creation may vary to a certain extent based on one’s philosophy, set of personal values, and other important contributors to shaping the perception of the subject matter. Personally, I used to take the idea of creating mostly for granted, sparing very little time to contemplate the role...

Where do animals “belong” in the theological reflection?

In the context of creation care and its primary standpoints, animals take a very important place in a theological reflection. Although the human being is traditionally viewed as the crowning achievement of God’s creation process, animals are also seen as the products of His creative force and, therefore, must be...

Sexuality is a topic that is very polarizing and misunderstood in our culture. Whatever the Church will say about sexuality, it must be theologically structured. As such, how does praying and contemplating the Trinity assist the theological understanding of sexuality in the Church today?

The concept of sexuality remains a polarizing issue in modern culture and interpretations of Christian beliefs, in general, due to its tabooed nature and multiple challenges in delineating boundaries in its discussion. In the modern Christian Church, the understanding of sexuality has become more pliable and compatible with the contemporary...

Discuss the Balance in Buddhism

Many new faiths echo the founding moments of the more established religions. Compare Buddhism to one of the other, traditional faiths. Try to look beyond rituals to things like the founding moments and figures, the view of human history and the future fate of humanity, and a fundamental understanding of...

Discuss the Decline of Christianity in Europe

Focusing on Christianity in general and not any single denomination, analyze some of the reasons for the decline of Christianity in Europe since 1675 and up to the present. Do not count Europeans who came to America as a decline in the numbers of Christians in Europe. While this did...

Discuss the Ideas Among Two Sacred Narratives

Compare and contrast the ideas among two or more sacred narratives. In answering this question, you should be comparing and contrasting the ethnic or elementary ideas among two or more sacred narratives. You can choose from the following – Biblical Genesis, Mayan Creation Myth: The Popul Vuh, or of your...

Discuss the Importance and Influence of Religion

Provide an overview of your quantitative methodology and a discussion on whether the methodology was useful in answering your RQs, an overview of your survey results including SPSS outputs. Discuss both null and alternative hypotheses (and your tested findings). Provide an explanation/interpretation of the statistical data, which should include any...

Discuss Whether Religion Is Just Bad Science, or It Is Not Science at All

Present or develop an issue in the philosophy of science, and then analyze it in details with respect to at least two of the theories. Include at least one theory that has been covered since the first paper. Discuss Kuhns idea of scientific revolution and paradigm and paradigm shift, creationism...

Explain the Spread of Religions

In the period 600 B.C.E. to 600 C.E., different factors led to the emergence and spread of new religions and belief systems, such as Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam. Develop an argument that evaluates how such factors led to the emergence or spread of one or more religions in this time...

Explore In-Depth a New Religion

Choose a religion (one other than your own) and explore it in depth. Look around at your community or your personal contacts for someone who practices this religion. Ask that person to help you generate a reading list (at least sacret text of the religion). As you read, keep an...

Gender segregation in religion

Why and how gender segregation in religion is relevant to the field of sociology and sociology of marriage and the family.

Hesychasm as a Theological Concept

Describe Hesychasm as a Theological Concept. Why is this topic important to the history of doctrine or the history of Christianity? What was the idea? Identify the causal factors behind this expression of Christianity. Why did it develop this way in this context? What were its implications? What happened, in...

How Do You Understand Ecological Justice in World Religions?

Explain and discuss the meaning of and deep connections between reverence for creation and social justice. Expand these connections to include how perspectives from other religious traditions tie into these. What insights on ecology and social justice are offered by other religious traditions?

How Does Anderson Describe What It Means to Be a Medium?

How does Anderson describe what it means to be a medium and how one becomes a medium in Iceland? Anderson describes the Icelanders he encountered as not being interested in formal or institutionalized religion yet being very spiritual or religious, and that there has come to be a syncretism between...

Interview a Member of Another Religion

Select a major world religion (not Christianity), interview a participant or religious leader of the selected religion, and describe your interview and research discoveries. Based on your research of the religion by using academic sources and based on your interview with a participant of the religion you choose for this...

Passage of Scripture From One of the Gospels of Choice

Choose a passage of Scripture from one of the Gospels that you would like to study in more depth. Present an overview of the Gospel from which you chose the passage. Study the passage carefully and present what you observed and discovered about the various elements. Explain the meaning and...

Discuss Ontological Argument for the Existence of God

In answering this question, you should be discussing how the Ontological Argument is related to Descartes, argument from the idea of Perfection. The author is expected to summarize the William Paley’s Watchmaker argument and the atheistic arguments against the western notion of God. You are to use reliable sources of...

The symbol of the Kingdom of God has been tremendously important for contemporary theology. What are some of the sources of this symbol in the Christian tradition? Why and how the first sentence in this question (“The symbol of …”) is a true statement?

The true understanding of the meaning of the Kingdom of God on earth has always elicited a lot of debate. According to Rauschenbusch, the Kingdom of God involves the likelihood of mankind being endowed with intangible wealth in the form of love, equality, and justice; thus, earthly riches are irrelevant...

Position Paper on Why Women in Islam Have to be Modest

Why do women in Islam have to be modest? Is veiling oppressive to women for them to be required or encouraged to be covered by a hijab, burkha, etc.? Why should women follow the parts of the Quran that encourage modesty? Why is not modesty required of men? What is...

Semiotics and Thoughts About God

Discuss the semiotics in the context of how creation talks about God. Semiotics is a sign that represents an object and produces meaning in the mind of the interpreter. After reading ”What does it mean to be a child of God?” and watching 5 YouTube videos, discuss: How creation talks...

Describe Gender Roles in Buddhism

Discuss gender roles in Buddhism for women and men in general and gender roles and participation in major religious rituals. Also, include gender rules for religious leaders. Regarding these above issues, please find and add at least 5 or 6 best sources which should relate to each other. Also please...

Define Key Concepts of African and Native American Religions

Identify key concepts of both African traditional religion and Native American religions. Based on these concepts, what similarities are there among these two groups? How do they differ? How would you witness to someone who is a member of a traditional religion? Share if you have ever witnessed to a...

Culture & Christianity Relation

Discuss how Culture & Christianity relate to each other. Does contemporary description of Christianity fit with the way you see Christianity expressed and lived in your culture? How do Culture & Christianity relate to each other? Does contemporary description of Christianity fit with the way you see Christianity expressed and...

Culture and Christianity Relation

How do culture & сhristianity relate to each other? Book: Lewis, C. S. (1952). Mere Christianity. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. A basic summary of the author’s most important ideas. Your rule of thumb will be that what is important to the author is important to you. Your assessment of,...

Create Your Own Religion and Choose the Type of Society

Create your own religion. Begin by describing the type of society that you will be “living” in. Your religion should be a reflection or product of that society. For example: Are you a tribal society? A foraging (hunter and gather) society? An agrarian society? A post-human society? Relate your religion...

Comparison of Two Different Religious Structures of Two Different Religions

Provide titles, architects, designers and patrons (if known), dates of creation, locations. Provide an overview of each floor plan (description, image and drawing) and distinctive and important architectural features. Discuss how the individual rooms were meant to be used and the importance of the prayer ritual and how each reflects...

Comparing Cristianity with Other Religions in Healthcare

Compare and contrast two faiths towards providing health care and wellness: the first being the Christian perspective, and the second a faith perspective that is unfamiliar to you. The purpose of this paper is to complete a comparative analysis of two faiths towards providing health care and wellness: the first...

Christian Worldview and Gospel Summary

Summarize and analyze the essential elements of the gospel (nature of God, nature of humanity, nature of Jesus, and restoration) and reflect on implications for the Christian worldview. Demonstrate your understanding of the Christian worldview, including the main topics you have covered up to this point. You will summarize and...

Buddhism and Its Connection to the Environment

Briefly introduce the audience to Buddhism, its connection to the environment; then shift to the Four Noble Truths principles, and sequentially interconnect them to climate change. Briefly introduce the audience to Buddhism, its connection to the environment; then shift to the Four Noble Truths principles, and sequentially interconnect them to...

Analyzing One of The Eight World Religion Groups

Choose any of the eight world religion groups and answer the following questions: What is prime reality – what is really real? Why is there something rather than nothing? What is a human being? How do you explain human nature? What happens to a person after death? How do you...

Analyze the Article “Religious Resources and Church Growth”

Write a well-written 825-word essay in ChicagoAD style describing how the authors defined resource mobilization theory. Provide the information on how the authors applied resource mobilization theory to church growth. In addition, answer what data they used to test the theory using only credible sources to support your main ideas.

Analyze the Following Theme: Bad Effects Religion May Have

Your thesis should be about how Miller (through the play) tries to teach lessons about this theme and what they are. Your body paragraphs should analyze various messages that Arthur Miller claimed were problems (like what happens when people lie in court or when people get hysterical, etc.). Explain the...

The Similarities and Differences Between Christian and Muslim Prayers

What are the similarities and differences between Christian and Muslim prayers? What are the origins of Christianity and Islam? What are their main beliefs? How does Christian prayer originate with evidence from the Bible? How does Muslim prayer originate with evidence from the Qur’an? How has Christian prayer changed throughout...

Analyze a Religion of Your Choice

Select either Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, or Buddhism and give a detailed summary of the religion you selected for this post. Summarize the religion citing its founders (if there is one), the date the religion was founded, the main deity or deities of the religion, its major teachings, and its pathways...

What Are Positions of Pluralism, Inclusivism, Universalism and Religions?

Describe the position and some of the proponents of pluralism, inclusivism, and universalism? What are the main religions in the world? Provide a description of the religion along with the religion’s history, doctrines and tenets. Who are the founders of each of religions? What are the uniqueness and exclusivity of...

What Is James Fowler’s Theory of Faith Development?

Consider James Fowler’s theory of faith development. How many stages of adulthood does this theory present? Briefly describe each of them, what are specific characteristic? Is age an unchangeable factor each of the stages has, or a person can develop without age borders? What are the difficulties a person meets...

An Islamic Modernity Research Essay

Highlight challenges faced and the implication of these on Muslim society. Discuss the alternatives to current discussions, current state of affairs, current articulations for progress.

“Mere Christianity” by C.S. Lewis

Read “Mere Christianity” by C.S. Lewis and answer the questions. Why is the incarnation an important element of Christian doctrine to C.S. Lewis? How does Christianity differ from atheism and pantheism? How does Lewis define free will and where human beings went wrong? Lewis describes the Christological Trilemma. Can you...

Write down specific piece of information about all the pillars of Eemaan and Islam. Describe in detail how Hajj (Pilgrimage) and Salah (Prayer) alone can introduce Islam as a practical religion that cares for specific situations and circumstances of people.

The pillars of belief (Eemaan) are the principles lying at the root of the whole Muslim culture. The first pillar is the belief in the oneness of God; it is the foundation principle. The second pillar is connected with the existence of angels who are depicted as invisible beings with...

What is Ijtihad – literally and terminologically? Explain Ijtihad in not less than a paragraph. What are the first two sources of legislation in Islam, and why are they the first two ones?

In Islamic law, Ijtihad is the process of legal reasoning and interpretation of the issues that are not clearly covered in the sacred sources. In its literal meaning, the word can be defined as striving or a physical or mental effort. Indeed, using reasoning in finding a solution is a...

List six characteristics of Islam that you could personally relate to. Describe relevant details about them and why they are important or interesting to you.

There are certain characteristics of Islam that are important for humanity and religion in general, and therefore, are appealing to me. Firstly, I see the principle of collaboration and assistance as one of the most significant characteristics of Islam, as I think that religion has the power of unification. Secondly,...

Is free will possible if there is such a thing as God’s plan?

If there is such a thing as a God’s plan, the free will is impossible. In this case, every choice we make is predetermined, every event that happens is pre-planned by God, and all living beings and things are destined to play their role in the God’s big plan.

Write down one specific piece of information about all the pillars of Eemaan and Islam. Also, describe in detail how Hajj (Pilgrimage) and Salah (Prayer) alone can introduce Islam as a practical religion that cares for specific situations and circumstances of people.

The five pillars of Islam help non-believers familiarize themselves with the essence of being a Muslim. The first pillar is shahaadah, which is the declaration of faith. The second is prayer (salaah), which serves as the most visible act of worship in the Islamic faith. The third one is sawm,...

What is Ijtihad – literally and terminologically? Explain Ijtihad in not less than a paragraph. What are the first two sources of legislation in Islam and why are they the first two ones?

There is a common misconception that Islamic law is monolithic and immutable, which is not true since ijtihad serves as an example of an ever-evolving legal process in Muslim states. Ijtihad is defined as individual independent reasoning. It is essentially an act of original interpretation of the issues not precisely...

First list any 6 characteristics of Islam which you could personally relate to. Describe why they are important or interesting to you. Provide relevant details about any three characteristics of Islam with evidences.

The first characteristic of Islam that I can personally relate to is realism. I consider Islamic faith to be exceptionally realistic since it manages to reflect both positives and negatives of human nature. “Islam” means submission, which I do not give a negative connotation to. Instead, I believe that a...

What is three-term in Buddhism?

No Self The question of whether one has either self or No self is asked often among the Buddha religion. In fact, the Buddha agrees that if one does not have a self, then, the person has No Self. The essence of the argument is that human beings ever seek...

What are the ethical concerns or benefits of using GMOs based on the Christian Worldview? Refer to “Here’s What Religious Experts Have to Say About Faith and GMOs” for help answering this question.

The religious views regarding the use of GMOs vary as there are many faiths. For instance, Smith notes that “the oldest and biggest Christian denomination has sent mixed messages on GMOs in the past few years”. For instance, some believe that selling genetically modified food is wrong since there are...

List four Islamic traditions, according to Dr. Lois Faruqi, which affect the future of feminism in Muslim societies. Explain how or why.

According to Lamya’al Faruqi, the first tradition that affects the future of Islamic feminism is the extended family system that puts constraints on women’s freedoms and obstructs the goals of feminism. The second tradition is the differentiation of sex roles, which implies that women’s choices are limited. The third tradition...

Engineer in “Western Feminism or Rights of Women in Islam” claims that primitive conditions concerning women’s rights in Islamic countries are due to what? Give at least two examples and explain how or why this is the case.

Firstly, primitive women’s rights in Islamic countries are caused by the religiously confirmed status of women as portrayed in the Quran, where a man is considered the head of the family and a woman, although respected, is subordinate to him. Secondly, cultural and traditional pre-Islamic treatment of women as unequal...