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Are there environmental or geographical factors that might explain the various reactions of different African and Asian people to the Portuguese explorers?

Portuguese explorers traveled to African and Asian lands in order to establish trading relationships. Nations from both parts of the world had different reactions to the newcomers. In Africa, the majority of regions perceived the Portuguese as allies and valuable partners as the latter had a major interest in various...

What role did slavery play in different parts of the tropical or southern world?

Slavery was considered a sign of economic prosperity for some people and the outcome of it for others. With the weather being warm and natural resources being abundant in tropical regions, many merchants and rulers were able to accumulate more wealth than other residents. This disparity resulted in workers being...

Why did trade, science, and technology flourish under the Mongols?

Upon conquering major parts of Asia and Europe, the Mongols established various practices that had to be followed by their future territories. They used their strategic advantages to take over regions but allowed the acquired areas to retain some authority over minor decisions. Thus, local rulers did not suppress technology...

Why did Buddhism and Christianity spread when and as they did?

Exchanges of goods and communication between different nations changed the way they saw each other. Trade routes supplied not only materials but also knowledge, thus carrying new beliefs and traditions across borders. The Silk Road was used by missionary travelers who ventured to new lands in order to promote their...

How does trade foster innovation in, and the dissemination of, technology?

When trade was integrated into people’s lives and the Silk Road’s importance increased, nations started to exchange ideas with each other. Thus, the innovation of technology followed this process as a result. For example, an invention by the Kushan people, stirrup, was used by warriors and knights in Europe and...

After reading the essay on women in the 1950’s (“Fighting Against the Impoverishment of Imagination”), what is the author saying about women’s opportunity in the 1950s? What are the main arguments (points) of the essay, what evidence does the author use to make his/her argument, and do you agree with his/her points? How does this complicate or change the usual depiction of women in the 1950s as purely housewives?

The essay in question dwells upon the roles played by women in the United States in the 1950s with the focus on their business opportunities. One of the features of the 1950s-1960s was the development of family values that established quite strict gender roles (May, 2017b). Women were confined to...

The Cold War permeated all aspects of the post-World War II world. Explain how the Cold War impacted American culture (gender roles, religion, etc.) and domestic policy decisions from 1945 to 1960.

The Cold War had a considerable impact on the American culture. First, it shaped or rather established new gender roles (May, 2017b). Instead of seeking employment and pursuing careers, which was common in the war period, females were encouraged to remain at home. They chose family life to let war...

The 1920s is often called the Roaring Twenties or the Age of Anxiety. It can also be defined by other movements within the decade. Create a new “nickname” for the era. Without using first person, justify why this moniker is appropriate using the events and movements of the era to support your choice.

If I were to choose an alternative name for Roaring Twenties, I would call them Consumerist Twenties. My reasoning for such a choice is simple – during the period of 1920-1929, America had undertaken a shift from producer-driven to a consumer-driven economy (Moore 5). Although the abundance of new goods...

a. What were the charges against Socrates? b. What was his defense? c. What do you think about his guilt or innocence? d. Why did Socrates stay in Athens when he had the chance to escape? Explain whether or not you agree with his decision.

a. The case against Socrates, the great Greek philosopher, was instituted for a number of reasons. The charge contained three points – the godlessness of the thinker, the introduction of some new deities (the famous demon of Socrates, his inner voice), and the corruption of specific ideas among the youth...

In the speech, Ho mentions crimes committed by the French during their occupation of Vietnam. Which crimes, as you read them, were in your opinion most severe and justified Vietnamese independence?

Ho mentioned several crimes committed by the French including imprisonment, murder, impoverishment, illegal taxes, conflicts, and exploitation (“Declaration of independence,” 2018). The most severe crimes that warranted Vietnam’s freedom include the enforcement of inhumane laws, denial of liberty, and oppression. The French had implemented several laws that were aimed at...

Ho claims that Vietnam’s independence is consistent with the philosophical principles which the Allies claimed were paramount during World War 2. What principles was Ho referring to, and does he make references to occasions where those principles were reasserted?

Ho was referring to certain sections contained in the United States and French Declaration of Independence documents which proclaimed that all people were born free and with equal rights, and so, they ought to enjoy freedom and equality. He acknowledged self-determination and equality as principles that supported Vietnamese independence (“Declaration...

Ho’s speech proclaiming Vietnam’s independence contains a demand that the free world support that independence in part as payment for services rendered during World War 2. What ‘service’ did Vietnam render during that conflict?

During World War 2, territorial conflicts between Japan and France spilled into Vietnam and the Vietnamese Republic suffered immensely. The Vichy French took control of Vietnam after France surrendered to Germany. They gave Japan permission to station 30,000 troops in Vietnam, thus making it the largest center for military operations...

Explain if there are other examples of events similar to the Red Scare that have occurred throughout history and modern day.

American history saw several instances of similar hysteria after McCarthyism, both political and social “witch-hunts” occurred. The fear of Communism persisted, repeating several times throughout the 20th century, including the Cuban Missile Crisis, albeit not close to the scale of McCarthyism. There were notable instances of such treatment against certain...

Assess if Senator Joseph McCarthy charges as to communist nations were accurate.

In the months leading up to the McCarthy speech, America’s foreign policy on anti-communism has been failing, as China experienced its Communist revolution while the Soviet Union gained significant military power by acquiring the atomic bomb, supposedly through the use of espionage. McCarthy’s accusations, particularly against the State Department, were...

Analyze how the Civil Rights Movement would impact diversity in America today.

CRM has undeniably led to the enhancement of diversity within and outside the USA. For example, immigration laws have been transformed, and now, people of varied backgrounds can settle or travel in the States. Additionally, the political representation of minorities is assured. Today, many people of color possess voting rights...

Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so, how? If not, why not?

When Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his stirring “I Have a Dream” speech, he addressed problems faced by blacks in those days, mainly, homelessness, unemployment, voting rights, and racial disparities. Even almost six decades after the proclamation, the majority of the issues in the African-American community have remained unsolved. The...

Do you think that the tactics and strategies that civil rights activists used in the 1960s would apply to today’s racial and ethnic conflicts? Why or why not?

With rapid technological advancement and the spread of social media across the world, the new generation of Americans invented new ways to fight injustice. A brand-new world in every citizen’s hands, the Internet, has become a platform for starting revolutions. As stated by Harris, “Today, social media — particularly Twitter...

What effect would the Civil Rights Acts have across the continent on minority groups?

The 1964 Civil Rights Act paved the way for gaining civil rights not only by African-Americans but also by other minority groups, including representatives of different racial backgrounds, women, immigrants, transgender, and disabled people. Often affected by the Civil Rights Act was the adoption of educational policies that promoted equality...

Explain if the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s effectively changed the nation.

More than six decades have passed since the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement (CRM), which was a struggle to enact constitutional and legal rights for African Americans. The movement made its greatest legislative achievements in the mid-1960s, following years of mass demonstrations happening from the mid-1950s to 1968. The...

Analyze how the Civil Rights Movement would impact diversity in America today.

Apart from racial inequality, there are many other social issues in the USA that demand consideration. If the Civil Rights movement were in motion in present-day America, it could affect various forms of diversity. For instance, sexual minority groups could fight for their rights as Blacks fought for theirs back...

Analyze how the Civil Rights Movement would impact diversity in America today.

The Civil Rights Movement could contribute to contemporary society by promoting diversity and justice that are based on dignity and conscientious principles. White communities, African-American settlements, Hispanic groups, and other social clusters are all generally separate. This separation may open opportunities for unequal access to resources and education. The Civil...

Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so, how? If not, why not?

Despite the Civil Rights Movement dating back to the last century, its ideas are still relevant today. African-Americans and other racial minorities still experience educational disparities today because of the opportunity gaps. Unequal treatment of students results in African-American youth pushing themselves into criminal acts. Diversity is also struggling today...

Do you think that the tactics and strategies that civil rights activists used in the 1960s would apply to today’s racial and ethnic conflicts? Why or why not?

The Civil Rights Movement is known not only for its contributions by also for its pacific and nonviolent methods. African-Americans did not involve themselves in violent acts because they believed that it is not an adequate solution. Instead, the movement progressed through public debates, famous speeches, and argumentative conversations. One...

Explain if the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s effectively changed the nation.

In the twelve years of nonviolent fights, the Civil Rights Movement has achieved an end to racial discrimination in various fields. This movement aroused a sense of self-esteem, pride, and self-confidence in black Americans. It also contributed to the achievement of mutual understanding between white and black U.S. citizens. The...

President Lincoln was assassinated on the April 14th, 1865. But what if Lincoln had led the nation through Reconstruction? Would the events and outcomes of Reconstruction have been different?

The reconstruction plan that Lincoln had was focused on ensuring fair practices, one example of this was his opposition to the idea of sending politicians from the North to govern in the South. Union and loyalty were the central elements of his plan and as opposed to how the reconstruction...

Read the essay Debating the Past: The Origins of Slavery. Identify the arguments that have been presented by various historians regarding the origins of slavery. In your opinion, which argument is most convincing? Explain your position.

The complex issue of slavery origins can be reviewed from different perspectives, although the problem of race discrimination always arises as part of the debate. According to Roberts, the first African people brought to the Americas worked on plantations together with native Americans and white convicts. The labor relationships were...

Examine the Resolutions in the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments. What do they tell you about the goals of the early Women’s Rights Movement? What do they also tell you about the prejudices women would have to overcome to gain the equality they sought?

The resolutions presented in the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments provide an understanding that equal rights for life, liberty, and happiness were the early goal of the Women’s Rights Movement. This document cites the need to have more women representatives in the government and a change in legal regulations relating...

In your opinion, does Jackson deserve his position in history as a great president or King Andrew, as his opponents named him? Explain your position by addressing a particular action or decision that was part of his presidency.

In my opinion, President Jackson deserves his position in history because, through his actions and decisions, he promoted progressive reforms for the state. President Jackson perceived the need to establish a more democratic society in the United States. For example, under his presidency, the right to vote, an essential element...

How was the language of freedom used to justify American foreign policy in the early Cold War? What were the consequences of viewing the Cold War in terms of “free” and “slave”?

The Cold war was evidently one of the more challenging periods in American history. Causing a steep increase in the extent of tension within the American society, the Cold War created a very hostile environment for American residents. However, from the perspective of the developing notion of freedom, the specified...

Discuss the change in attitudes toward various ethnic groups during World War II, such as Indians, Mexican-Americans, and Asian-Americans. How were they treated? What freedoms were extended or contracted?

The introduction of a new perspective on the subject of interracial and cross-cultural relationships altered during World War II significantly, Roosevelt’s reconsideration of the principles of freedom being one of the major forces behind the observed change. During WWII, the treatment of ethnic minorities in the U.S., including Indians, Mexican-Americans,...

In 1949, the National Reactor Training Station was built 40 miles from Idaho Falls. a. What kind of nuclear reactor was it? b. What does SL-1 mean? c. What are the 3 level of operation? Give a brief description of each.

The reactor built in 1949 was a station whose activities were aimed at controlled nuclear fission for power generation, and its work was associated with both civilian and military purposes. The abbreviation “SL-1” is decoded as “Stationary Low-Power Reactor Unit 1,” the reactor that is unique in its aims and...

How did the New Deal reshape the lives of the American people? What did the New Deal do for underrepresented populations, such as women, Blacks, Indians, or Mexican Americans?

Being a response to the Great Depression and its challenges on the surface, the New Deal, in fact, allowed redefining the relationships between different ethnic groups and social classes within American society, creating premises for possible reconciliation. The New Deal can be considered a groundbreaking change in the dynamics of...

Historians usually avoid monocausal (only one cause) explanations of the past, as events are often caused by several interrelated factors. What were the causes of the Great Depression, and how effective were the government’s responses by 1932?

Having become the most notorious and devastating economic recession that the United States has ever had to face, the Great Depression was defined by a range of factors, most of them having a distinctively economic nature. The collapse of the stock market and the immediate deterioration of the American market...

Describe the idea of Henry Clay’s “American System.”

Throughout his life, Henry Clay strove to strengthen the American state. His program, as reported in the text of the official report of 1832, was accepted by many Americans as unconstitutional due to harsh and unconventional ideas. Clay made protectionist tariffs the central point of his economic system, which, as...

Evaluate the rationale that President Jackson used in the removal of the Native Americans from east of the Mississippi River. Did the removal have the intended impact?

When signing the Indian Removal Act, President Jackson used several arguments to justify the removal of the Native Americans from their ancestral lands. First, he argued that the relocation would allow whites, whom he referred to as “a dense and civilized population,” to occupy extensive parcels of land, thus fortifying...

Compare Jackson’s actions toward Native Americans in the context of his First Inaugural Address with the path of events during the Trail of Tears.

President Jackson’s actions toward Native Americans in the context of his first inaugural address and during the Trail of Tears were quite different. In his inaugural speech, the President promised to give “humane and considerate attention” to their rights. He also stated that he would treat Indians with liberal policies....

Evaluate the rationale that President Jackson used in the removal of the Native Americans from east of the Mississippi River. Did the removal have the intended impact?

The rationale used by President Jackson in the removal of the Native Americans from east of the Mississippi River contained several aspects. First of all, the President explained his intention by the lengthy history of coming to a resolution in the mentioned question. Hence, President Jackson was satisfied that the...

Assess the effect of the Gag Rule on the Abolitionist Movement.

The gag rule, or gag resolution, had a considerable negative effect on the abolitionist movement. According to this rule, all slavery-related questions were automatically directed to the House. Many Congressmen considered the rule to be an “anathema” to the USA’s democratic principles. The advocates of the gag rule claimed that...

Explain how abolitionists upheld the Declaration of Independence as the foundation of antislavery and abolitionist thought.

Abolitionists used the Declaration of Independence as the foundation of antislavery and abolitionist thought. The activists of the antislavery movement advocated for people’s rights and freedoms, claiming that the latter was proclaimed in and guaranteed by the Declaration of Independence. Specifically, referring to the Declaration of Independence, abolitionists mentioned that...

Assess if abolitionists were responsible reformers or irresponsible agitators.

Abolitionists were responsible reformers rather than irresponsible agitators due to the mission and vision they pursued. First of all, abolitionists’ methods were not cruel but, instead, they were composed of “the opposition of moral purity to moral corruption.” The activists planned to oppose slavery by “the spirit of repentance,” which...

By 1900, who was entitled to fully enjoy the blessings of American liberty? Be sure to include in your answer blacks, women, labor, immigrants, and colonial subjects.

The distribution of power, including economic and political types, has been quite uneven in the foundational years of America’s democratic development. Due to the persistence of prejudices that encompassed the entire spectrum of biases, ranging from the race- to gender-associated false assumptions, a very slim category of American citizens could...

John Brown predicted that his “seeming disaster would ultimately result in the most glorious success.” What did he mean by this? What, if anything, did he accomplish in the last weeks of his life?

John Brown believes that he was following God’s will when trying to free slaves from Harpers Ferry. Due to this, Brown thinks that his failure is only “seeming.” Justice will be established because it is the will of God, and he, Brown, is only a weapon in the hands of...

In his words to the court, what does John Brown proclaim to have been his objective at Harpers Ferry? Why did he “feel no consciousness of guilt” for what he had done? What are his most important final instructions to his family?

When speaking to the court, John Brown states that his aim was to take slaves from Harpers Ferry to the lands where they can become free. Brown insists that he did not plan to murder anyone at Harpers Ferry or encourage slaves to start a riot. The defendant then argues...

Fitzhugh says in closing of “A Defense of Slavery,” “The Southerner is the negro’s friend, his only friend.” Fully evaluate this statement. To what degree did Fitzhugh hold sympathetic views toward African Americans? To what extent would African Americans welcome his sympathy?

By saying that southerners are the only friends of black people, Fitzhugh once again stresses that slavery is the best option for them. Those who want to free them actually do not think about the consequences of this for slaves. Fitzhugh believes that they can only exist under the supervision...

In his speech on Independence Day of 1852, what were Douglass’s feelings toward the Declaration of Independence? To what degree was he or was he not an American patriot?

In his speech, Frederick Douglas claims that he sees Independence Day as the day of great injustice because only white people have rights and liberties in the US. He believes that the Declaration of Independence is fiction, as its principles do not apply to black people. Douglas blames Americans for...

Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so, how? If not, why not?

The ideas of the 1960s remain relevant for the present day. The country and its citizens have made significant progress in combating racial and ethnic discrimination; nevertheless, the aftermath of decades of oppression may still be observed in society. Minorities are experiencing issues with equal access to services, and police...

Research and explore the theatre theatre, Mabou Mines.

Mabou Mines is a famous experimental theatre “generating original works and re-imagined adaptations of classics.” A group of artists – David Warrilow, Lee Breuer, Ruth Maleczech, JoAnne Akalaitis, and Philip Glass – established this company in 1970 and created the first piece, “Red Horse Animation.” Since then, they have produced...

Why is the Precambrian eon not subdivided into as many divisions as the Phanerozoic?

The Precambrian Era is not split into as many stages as the Phanerozoic epoch because the information regarding the tectonic activity on the specified time slot is extremely poor and scanty. While with the Phanerozoic Era, the changes occurring in the Earth tectonics were obvious, the alterations occurring in the...

Who was James Ussher and how did he influence early geology?

James Ussher was a famous Irish scholar who contributed to the evolution of science considerably by suggesting a date of the world creation. Claiming that the world was made in 4004 B.C., therefore, spurring the development of uniformitarianism in geology.

Please provide your impressions on the video Braving Iraq.

The actions of Saddam demonstrate a lack of concern to important inhabitants and conservations of such precious assets of a country. As for me, the actions that happened, though unfortunate, should not happen in any country again. Therefore, the video acts as a point of reference to all the countries...

Describe the components of the geocentric view of the universe that was held by the early Greeks. How did Ptolemy account for the motions of the celestial bodies in his model?

Early Greeks believed that the Earth was spherical and was positioned at the center of the Universe, with seven wanderers (the Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn) orbiting around it. Ptolemy accounted for the motions of the celestial bodies in his Ptolemaic system model, which placed the...

What role did dharma play in ancient Indian theories of Kingship?

The state in ancient India was governed by the king. This kingship was a practice guided by many rules. The king was considered as a servant of the people and not a person out to achieve his own interests. To ensure that such a king only acted to the interests...

What was President Arthur’s stance on Federal Indian Policy?

During President Arthur’s government, Native American conflicts with the whites were subsiding. More individuals were beginning to realize the need to safeguard the Native Americans’ rights. In the year 1884, President Arthur asserted that the Native Americans’ education funding was supposed to be increased. Equally, the president proposed that individual...

Examine the three main models about the role of immigrants in United States History as outlined by Lawrence H. Fuchs in The American Kaleidoscope. Keep in mind that these prototypes are not mutually exclusive, meaning that it is possible to find two of them ̶ but not all three ̶ fused together in conservative or liberal politics. Incorporate materials from the The American Yawp, Grenier’s The First Way of War, class lectures, and the films “A Lost World: Philadelphia, 1600-1680” and “In Penn’s Shadow: Philadelphia, 1680-1720.” Provide specific examples.

Despite the hardships that immigrants faced when coming to the United States, their contributions to the development of the country as it is known today cannot be replaced. The United States is a country that has been built and transformed by successive migration waves from any part of the globe....

Discuss the process by which the Anglo-American elites of Virginia developed the concepts of Whiteness and Blackness and made slavery a permanent and hereditary condition for African Americans. Articulate the importance of Anthony Johnson, John Punch, Bacon’s Rebellion, slavery and the law, and Rose Davis.

The significance of Anthony Johnson in the establishment of differentiation between Black and White people cannot be disputed. Johnson was a free black man who purchased the property in Virginia and was declared legally capable of owning a slave after being freed from servitude himself. The role of Nathaniel Bacon...

Articulate the historical process known as “The Columbian Exchange.”

The Columbian exchange refers to the process of transferring plants, animals, culture, technologies, diseases, and ideas between the Old World, West Africa, and the Americas throughout the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The process is also associated with the colonization of Northern America by Europeans that followed the voyage made by...

Was Martin Luther King, Jr. essential to the success of the Montgomery Bus Boycott or would the boycott and the broader civil rights struggle have expanded even without his influence and involvement?

Martin Luther King Jr. was a highly influential persona in the African American civil rights movement, where millions of Black people were unjustly prosecuted for trying to acquire racial equality. He was an expert at delivering the message of non-violent struggle due to his powerful speeches and resilience in fighting...

In what ways did World War II hinder the African American freedom struggle?

The main way World War II hindered the freedom struggle was the shift of government focus from internal national affairs towards external conflicts. Both military and political representatives were concerned with the problems of this global battle, which led to the stagnation of the African American civil rights movement. In...

In what ways did World War II intensify the African American freedom struggle?

African American freedom struggle was mainly intensified by World War II due to the fact that Black people were forced to battle institutionalized racism and discrimination both at home and in Europe. Although the US needed additional soldiers in order to be victorious in WW2, African American men were often...

Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so, how? If not, why not?

Most of the ideas of the Civil Rights Movement do not have much relevance nowadays, as racial, cultural, and gender-based discrimination are considered illegal by the government. King identifies the inability of black people to leave ghettos and their lack of voting rights as significant concerns. However, neither of these...

Explain if the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s effectively changed the nation.

The Civil Rights Movement succeeded in changing the nation and introducing policies that persist to this day. Most importantly, it ended racial segregation’s basis in law and ensured that people were treated equally regardless of their race, gender, or ethnicity. As such, minorities were no longer oppressed by the state,...

Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so, how? If not, why not?

The Civil Rights Movement gained some objectives that improved the lives of African Americans in the United States of America, but some issues are still as relevant today as they were in the 1960s. Minority groups in this country continue to receive discriminatory treatment that hinders them from getting justice,...

Do you think that the tactics and strategies that civil rights activists used in the 1960s would apply to today’s racial and ethnic conflicts? Why or why not?

Tactics that civil rights crusaders employed in the 1960s would still be effective in modern-day America. For example, nonviolent protests are being used by human rights crusaders to fight for what they feel some individuals are being denied in society. In the contemporary world, governments are recognizing the importance of...

Explain if the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s effectively changed the nation.

Martin Luther King Jr. noted that America could not be a fair nation if Americans and African Americans were treated differently. Following the sustained pressure from blacks in the U.S. agitating for equality, the country changed in several ways concerning how it handled matters of minority groups. This movement resulted...