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Discuss how diet may affect one’s body image and self-esteem.

Eating habits and diets play an important role in maintaining body image. Poor diets may have negative effects on body formation while some diets may be favorable for specific purposes. For instance, the diet requirement for an athlete is quite different from the diet requirement for a wrestler and also...

Please explain how the U.S. Congress functions, how the U.S. Constitution regulates the relationship between the executive and legislative branches of government, and whether or not you think the founding fathers of the U.S. Constitution would be pleased with how the system of checks and balances has functioned in recent decades.

The US Congress was established by the 1st Article of the Constitution. The founders enumerated a litany of powers, such as the power to coin money, establish a post office and raise taxes, as well as a basic structure. For example, Congress was established as a bicameral legislature (primarily as...

Why does the United States have a 2-party dominated political system while the rest of the world tends to have political systems with multiple parties that play an important role in the political process?

Numerous factors encourage a binary party choice in the United States as opposed to the multiparty system that exists in other countries. An important structural reason that the United States has only two viable parties is our “winner takes all” elections, as opposed to the proportional representation common in parliamentary...

Describe your experience with hypnosis. What fears or apprehensions did you or do you have about experiencing trance yourself. What fears do you have about using hypnosis on a subject? How do you think your level of confidence affects your effectiveness as a hypnotherapist?

I met a hypnotherapist to get rid of my problem with anxiety. After making me relax, he led me into a guided visualization. I was asked to visualize a beach and walk alongside it and relax. After some more relaxation, I was given some hypnotic suggestions to get rid of...

What is documentary research and how does it differ from the Literature Review? Make it clear in your answer that you understand the purpose of documentary research and the purpose of a Literature Review.

Documentary research pertains to the use of the academic work to create academic prose. The research is conducted for the purpose of supporting the main research and enlisting academic references for justification. The documentary research includes conceptualisation and analysis of the documents of academic origin. These documents are classified as...

State and explain the main differences between an essay and a dissertation.

A dissertation is a formal document prepared for the purpose of attaining a doctorate degree at a university. The dissertation is usually a very lengthy document prepared through literature review, and the use of primary and secondary sources of information. Extensive research in terms of experiments, surveys and interviews are...

What is the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF)?

HRAF is Human Relations Area Files Inc. situated in New Haven (Connecticut) represents a nonprofit nongovernmental organization uniting 300 institutions located in the United States and nearly 25 other countries. This organization was found under the auspices of Yale University to foster the development of comparative research related to human...

What is to be done when there is a conflict between two different “truths” concerning claims that are semantic, systemic, logical, or empirical? Does the outcome of the conflict determine what the truth is?

When semantic, systemic, logical, or empirical truths come into conflict, theorists urge us to believe that truth as such has no cognitive value—that we literally should not care whether our beliefs are true or false, but only whether they enable us to achieve more substantive goals such as happiness and...

How do you explain the problem of evil in the world?

It should be renowned that the idea of natural evil may be discarded if one considers that proceedings such as tremor and food shortage have come concerning due to personal misconduct of the surroundings. It is also dubious whether a tremor causing the loss of a person’s existence is an...

What role do you see for the Four Seasons’ Internet site?

Halloway (2000) has mentioned in detail the role of the Internet for Four Seasons. According to the author, 99 percent of the customers have access to the web and the website can play a very important role in developing business for the hotel. Some areas in which the site can...

Compare the Christian concepts of the “old self,” “dying to sin,” and “eternal life” to the Buddhist ideas of “clinging” and “ignorance” and of realizing Emptiness (Awakening, achieving liberation, attaining Nirvana).

According to Christianity, evil desires, greed, lust, sexual immorality, idolatry, anger, rage, filthy languages, and other negative emotions and actions are sins. If the person fails to get rid of them, he will die forever; his soul will cease to exist. However, if the person leads a righteous life, follows...

Discuss the Buddhist attitude toward life, death, and nirvana. What is the “problem” that Buddhism defines and addresses? What is Emptiness and how does one come to a realization of this? How is the death of the physical body regarded?

Buddhism holds that life and death are interrelated. Death is the logical result of life and everybody dies to be reborn again. Buddhists believe that the meaning of life is to find the essence of it, to understand the true meaning of all things. Death should not be feared because,...

Analyze the contemporary American attitude(s) toward death. Is America a “death-denying” culture? Why or why not? What accounts for Americans’ view(s) toward death? How has this view changed over the last century?

Contemporary Americans are afraid of death. Death cannot be predicted, it cannot be avoided. Americans, like all people, do not know when death will come, however, everybody knows that people cannot live forever and the day of death will come despite our desire to live more. Death can be caused...

Do you think that all students can be productive online students? Why or why not? List several characteristics of an effective online student.

There is no doubt that e-learning will play an escalating role in the way organizations instruct their employees to get ahold of detailed skills and capabilities. It also offers the prospect for a wider function, enlarging learning in the circumstance of modernism, knowledge creation, and organizational learning. Following are the...

Discuss the potential of online learning for professional development in the workplace.

Electronic learning has become a preferred mode of training among employers that must ensure their employees stay abreast of the latest trends and changes in the marketplace. A study by the American Society of Training and Development, an association for workplace professionals, found that the average percentage of all training...

What does servant leadership mean to you?

“The servant-leader is servant first… It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first. Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead. He or she is sharply different from the person who is leader first, perhaps because of the need to assuage an unusual...

How would you explain and defend the system of spiritual discipline taught and elaborated by al-Haddad in his book? Why or why not would such a spiritual discipline be welcome or popular in the modern world in your view?

The spiritual discipline implied by al-Haddad is in line with the Islamic teachings. His interpretation of Islamic teachings espouses secularism, feminism to a great extent and social liberation in terms of thought and action. He implies that the same is the basis of Islamic teachings and law. This vision of...

What advantages does Islam as a religion derive from the nature of its written tradition? What burdens or difficulties does the form of the tradition impose? How does the function of the Islamic written tradition differ from that of the parallel Christian one?

Islam’s written tradition dates back well beyond Mohammed. Pagan recordings indicate the rise of Mohammed and the nature of life that was being led in the towns of Mecca before Mohammed started preaching. This tradition has brought about a strong sense of recording the life and times of Mohammed and...

What is the culture like at FDU?

The Fairleigh Dickinson University (FDU) is a private University that promises to mold students to be better world citizens. The college promotes the concept of global education and has more than a hundred undergraduate courses. Students are encouraged to take part in various non-academic activities and these include athletics, dramatics,...

How would you explain the kind of spirituality expressed in al-Haddad’s book? Could it be practically applied? Does it make one feel that the present age is unspiritual, or does it elicit some other feeling? Why?

According to al-Haddad the truly spiritual person is the one who observes the limits, keeps his promises, is content with what he has, and is patient with the deprived. Further, spirituality means being thankful in prosperity, patiently endure affliction, praise Lord in easy and in hardship, and remain true to...

Give a statement on scams through online and in the mail.

Online and email scams are internet-based forms of fraud that use one or more internet-based services like e-mail, chat rooms, or message boards. Internet fraud may be through the use of stolen or fictitious credit cards, the advertisement of unavailable goods or services or it may be committed through the...

What can be the disadvantages of the use of standard operating procedures (SOPs) when it comes to policy implementation?

According to Business Dictionary, standard operating procedures are “written procedures prescribed for repetitive use as a practice, in accordance with agreed-upon specifications aimed at obtaining a desired outcome.” In other words, they are step-by-step instructions that describe how to perform a routine activity; they should be revised continuously and must...

Select four readings/films of your choice that you found to be the most impactful to you in terms of increasing your understanding of a topic. Identify what the impact was and cite the parts of the readings/films that increased your awareness or were new to you.

The subject of ecological anthropology is interpreted quite widely and usually varies in various versions; however, almost all authors emphasize its complexity. On the one hand, the intellectual and socio-historical progress achieved by people opened great opportunities for further development with the possibility of unlimited cultural and civilizational progress. On...

Compare the nature and extent of executive power in the domestic and international spheres.

The nature and extent of executive power in the domestic and international spheres lies in the fact that resistance forces are different. Domestic implementations are counteracted by the citizens who might disagree with changes, whereas international activities must be consolidated with international organizations and other nations. Thus, the extent of...

There has been much discussion recently of the congressional “oversight” function, particularly vis-à-vis the executive branch. In light of the doctrine of separation of powers, how and where should such oversight operate, and how and where should it not?

Although there no statements about congressional oversight in the Constitution, the given procedure naturally occurs because Congress possesses all legislative powers. The congressional oversight operates by monitoring and investigating the executive branch on the implementation or the lack of various policies passed by Congress. In addition, it should operate by...

How can a teacher increase students’ motivation in learning rhymes?

Using songs to engage learners in the process of learning rhymes should be seen as a possible solution. By using the songs with which children are familiar, one can introduce them to the idea of rhyming step by step. Afterward, new songs and poems will be used in class to...

What obstacles may an educator face when teaching rhymes to children?

Some children may have difficulties understanding the concept of rhyming. Therefore, writing rhymes on a whiteboard and using color-coding to highlight the parts of the words that produce a rhyme will be necessary. Thus, children experiencing learning difficulties will grasp the concept of rhyming.

What are the key stages of teaching rhyming?

Teaching rhyming to children should start with helping children recognize rhymes when listening to word pairs. Afterward, exercises for identifying rhymes and, eventually, producing them should be incorporated into the curriculum.

Why is teaching children rhyming words important?

Rhymes help children do develop a sense of how the language works. Moreover, rhymes will help children make predictions about the words that may come next, which is crucial in developing early reading skills and creating phonemic awareness.

Use counterexamples to test the following general moral principle: Any action done for religious reasons is morally acceptable because religious reasons carry more weight than secular ones.

The case of Islamic terrorism clearly shows that these terrorists are guided by religious intentions, but their actions are immoral as they damage other people. The moral foundation of Islamic terrorism claims that religious reasons dominate the secular ones. In fact, this example demonstrates that religious motivation should be considered...

Use counterexamples to test the following general moral principle: In all situations in which our actions can contribute to the welfare, safety, or happiness of others we should treat all persons equally.

In situations, when it is possible to contribute to the happiness and welfare of others, some considerations do not allow treating all persons equally. As an example, one may note that if the financial assistance provided to a poor family would save their lives, the same amount of money may...

What are your reactions about Pizzability after reading the BBC story “’People come for the selfies but won’t pay $2 for pizza’,” the Tweet, and the Facebook page.

TweetFacebook page This short case is about the phenomenon of popularity on social networks, its temporality, and its impact. Besides, the story of Pizzability shows that increased attention is not always useful and enjoyable for the one to whom it is directed. There is no doubt that popularity in the...

What is mixed methods research? Give an example of how you might use this approach.

Mixed-methods research refers to the methodology for conducting studies that deal with both quantitative and qualitative data. This approach to research is implemented when the integration of different forms of data to have a better understanding of a research problem from different perspectives. For example, quantitative data is necessary to...

Here is a list of strategies to improve study rigor. Pick at least 5 and write a paragraph explaining how you will use these strategies to improve the rigor of your study. Apply methodological coherence (the approach, question, sample, data collection, and analysis match). Have prolonged engagement with the group. Use a team to collect/analyze data. Check finding with participants. Continue interviewing until you reach thematic saturation. Look for negative cases. Examine inconsistencies. Use iterative data gathering and analysis. Keep a journal of your evolving thinking. Keep an audit trail. Disclose and discuss your biases and positionality. Describe the site, setting, population, and methods in great detail so readers can understand the context of the findings.

Discussing one’s biases and positionality is important for improving study rigor. The researcher will communicate the advantages and disadvantages associated with one’s involvement in the study. Inconsistencies will be examined by looking over the collected data and pointing out competing points. An audit trail will be maintained by keeping records...

Several strategies can help increase the trustworthiness of qualitative data. Identify the strategies and give their brief descriptions.

External audits Allow an external consultant to examine the process and product. Positionality Allow the reader to understand the researcher’s potential biases related to the topic and how he/she is an insider and/or outsider. Triangulation Use multiple and different data sources to make conclusions. Interactive data gathering and analysis Prior...

A colleague doing research on families asked you to help organize her data. She has a list of constructs. In looking at them, which would you categorize as “codes” and which would you categorize as “themes?” Talking at the dinner table; Family communication; Arguments about school grades; Family conflict; Conversations in the car on the way to school; Texting between parents and teens; Sibling fights; Marital discord.

Themes Codes Family conflict     Arguments about school gradesSibling fightsMarital discord Family communication   Talking at the dinner tableConversations in the car on the way to schoolTexting between parents and teens

Discuss the differences between collective reading experiences and collaborative reading experiences. Include the purpose of each and specific examples.

Collective and collaborative reading may sound similar, yet their functions and goals are quite different. While collaborative reading suggests teamwork and involves substantial guidance, collective reading implies greater independence for learners. In addition, the collective reading suggests merely splitting students into reading groups, whereas collaborative reading involves active cooperation between...

Discuss how to assess a student’s comprehension of text.

Determining students’ comprehension of the written material is crucial to reaching the expected learning outcomes. Learners have to understand the instructions provided to them and the text that is included in their assignments. However, checking their understanding of the reading material may be tricky. To check whether every learner has...

How do cultural issues influence family involvement and literacy?

In diverse families, the process of helping children to develop literacy may be complicated with internal factors related to the family and its characteristics. For example, the difference in languages will not allow teachers to explain to parents fully how to promote early literacy development in their children. However, the...

Describe ways that family involvement can be cultivated in literacy instruction.

Family involvement can and should be cultivated in literacy instruction, yet one will need cooperation between parents and teachers to achieve the specified goal. By establishing cooperation with educators and following the guidance provided by them, parents can spur the development of literacy in their children more effectively. Namely, the...

What role do families play in developing literacy?

Families play a huge role in assisting their children in developing the needed literacy skills. It is important to keep in mind that, at the early stages of their development, children tend to mimic the patterns shown by the adults that are around them, which is crucial for helping young...

Perform brainstorming based on the article “The effect of study preparation on test anxiety and performance: a quasi-experimental study” by Yusefzadeh et al.

a. The intervention proposed by the authors lowers test anxiety in students.b. The program does not reduce general stress in the target population.c. Students with high test anxiety perform worse than those with low test anxiety.d. Frequent evaluation can reduce test anxiety and improve academic performance.e. Excessive evaluation can increase...

Highlight the important key ideas in the article “The effect of study preparation on test anxiety and performance: a quasi-experimental study” by Yusefzadeh et al. to summarize after all.

a. Scheduled study can reduce test anxiety levels in students when used alongside other interventions.b. High test anxiety reduces student test performance when compared to groups with low test anxiety.c. Frequent evaluation can lower test anxiety, but overly evaluative environments increase it.

Perform brainstorming based on the article “Anxiety, Self-Efficacy, and College Exam Grades” by Jennifer Barrows et al.

a. Test anxiety reduces a student’s grade in single tests depending on its severity.b. Self-efficacy improves a person’s self-opinion and confidence and lets them perform better academically.c. Both factors can affect a student’s test performance simultaneously, and there is a negative relationship between the two.d. Self-efficacy does not moderate the...

Our forty-six-year-old friend is showing symptoms of the classic “mid-life crisis,” buying a trendy new sports car, flirting dangerously, and alluding to leaving his wife. What advice do you have for us to speak with him?

You need to inform the man that “having a stable marriage has also been found to contribute to well-being throughout adulthood.” Everything he may feel is typical of his age because he suffers from realizing changes in his physical state and health. It is advisable to initiate conversations about his...

Our two-year-old granddaughter refuses to wear the clothes we pick for her every morning, making getting dressed a twenty-minute pitched battle. What techniques, if any, should we use to stop this behavior?

It is important for a two-year girl to “develop a sense of independence.” You need just allow her to choose clothes she wants to wear and provide her with more independence when dressing if she wants. Conflicts can be the result of her eagerness to address her personal wishes. These...

My sister’s teenager has decided not to attend college in favor of joining the stage crew for a touring rock band. What advice can I give my sister?

Teenagers are more interested in the opinion of their respected peers. Thus, “peer relationships become a central focus in adolescents’ lives.” At this age, teenagers think they can make significant decisions, but the level of their reasoning is still low. It is possible to recommend the discussion of the situation...

A well-intentioned, but meddling, relative came to visit our house the weekend before our child’s first birthday, in April. My relative cautioned me that I must be spoiling my child, because my son hid behind my leg and clung to me when she tried to give him a hug, and he did not do this when she visited us at New Year’s. How can I explain to her what is happening with our child?

It is possible to explain that a kind of fear of strangers is typical of children of that age. Thus, “babies may demonstrate this by crying and turning away from a stranger, by clinging to a caregiver.” Infants require more caregivers’ attention than other children, according to Piaget’s theory, and...

What are conversion investigation methods?

Under a conversion method, the correlation between a suspect’s improvement of lifestyle and the related fraudulent activity is investigated, as well as how a perpetrator spent stolen funds. The main reasons for performing a conversion investigation are to evaluate the extent of embezzlement and gather evidence to obtain a suspect’s...

Hume thinks that all knowledge must be traced back to perceptions; otherwise, assertions of knowledge are meaningless. From this, he concludes that all theological and metaphysical speculations are worthless. Do you agree with him? Why or why not?

David Hume’s ideas are related to the field of epistemology. He proposed to seek the grounds of knowledge by analyzing closely the ideas, opinions, superstitions, and other mental constructs that allowed the formation of that knowledge. By doing so, it is possible to explain why people believe what they believe,...