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Why is the magnitude-frequency relationship important in geoscience? Outline the implications of geomorphic effectiveness on the formation of river channels.

The magnitude and frequency relationships are important to geosciences because they are used in studying catastrophic events. They evaluate the relative amounts of work done on the landscapes over the long-term by events of all magnitudes. Geologists also conclude that large parts of sediment transportation are performed by events of...

Draw a typical ‘natural’ flood hydrograph labelling the axes whilst also depicting an urbanised hydrograph. Use this diagram to describe the primary impacts of urbanisation on streams and rivers and the potential management implications.

Hydrological impacts due to urbanization have compromised water quality, such as sedimentation, habitat changes, loss of fish, and increased temperatures. Most hydrological impacts are caused by runoff volumes and velocities of trying to urbanize cities, causing major strain to the water streams. Hydrologic impacts on water streams due to increased...

Look at the media and identify one natural endogenic or exogenic process that has produced/is producing a significant Iandscape response. Describe the event, the relative magnitude and the primary driving mechanisms.

The recent earthquakes and landslides reported in the media recently are said to be a result of geological processes producing significant landscape responses. The recent earthquakes in Haiti and Chile, for instance, have been reported to be a result of Earth’s shifting tectonic plates causing significant land responses. The frequency...

Referring to Figures 5 and 10 of “The impact of humans on continental erosion and sedimentation” by Wilkinson & McElroy comment on the notion of man as a geologic agent. Identify potential sources of error in this theory.

Human-induced activities such as building reservoirs for holding floods and storing water are said to lessened erosion, but geologists do however argue that building artificial reservoirs encourage erosion since the bulk of erosions takes place above dams. Destruction of the forest is also among activities that encourage floods and promote...

Explain the difference between plate margins and plate interiors in terms of tectonic (endogenic) and surface processes (exogeniс) and resultant landscapes using Figure 2 of “The impact of humans on continental erosion and sedimentation” by Wilkinson & McElroy. Use the Pacific Rim and the west coast of Australia as contrasting examples.

The Earth is divided into two parts; the lithosphere (the outer layer) and the asthenosphere. Their differences are depicted in their physical and in the motion of their plates. Lithosphere (Plate margins) Asthenosphere (plate interiors) Forms the outer layer   Composed of crust and mantle Composed of melted rocks The...

Consider if the Life Span Developmental Model was suddenly the accepted model – what types of changes in society can you imagine happening. Name at least two changes that you could imagine occurring and give the direct rationale for the change.

If the Life Span Developmental Model became widely accepted in society, it would bring about a lot of social changes. First and foremost, if people believed that age did not affect creativity and cognition, they would employ more people advanced in years for all kinds of jobs that are now...

Why is private investment spending so variable? How can policymakers try and stabilise it?

Private investment spending is the most variable factor in the economy owing to the fact that it is not affected by government policies. Private investors make their own individual decisions concerning how, when, and what to invest, making private investment decisions different from public investment decisions. Policymakers can, however, try...

What are the principle ethical issues you will need to consider, irrespective of the particular research methods that you use?

Plagiarism. This involves misrepresenting other peoples’ work as one’s own.Fabrication and falsification of information, e.g., overstating the number of subjects, altering data, and biasness.Non-publication of data. This is suppressing data while ignoring exceptions.Faulty data-gathering procedure, it can occur if machines are faulty, subjects do not adhere to the procedures, or...

What are the key characteristics of a literature review?

The literature review must include current literature as well as historical sources.The objective of the review should be clearly identified.The range of the resources well stated.The independent and dependent variables are to be described, and the model of evaluating their outcome.Breadth and depth of knowledge shown.Organization and framework of the...

What are the strengths and weaknesses of ‘multivariate analysis’?

Multivariate analysis is used to solve complex terms and give a definite answer by using methodological methods such as cluster analysis, discriminate analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The main limitation of multivariate analysis is that it can lead to stall by the dimensionality of the problem. They are also complex...

What are the main criticisms that are frequently levelled at qualitative research?

Qualitative research is criticized due to its generalized characteristics, which a very vague, and consequently, its potential is still underdeveloped. Yin criticizes it and questions “whether the value of qualitative methodology dependence on small samples that are believed to render it incapable of generalizing conclusions.” Yin asserts that general applicability...

Explain the differences between the following types of variable: Intervals/ratios; Ordinal variables; Nominal or ‘categorical’ variables; Dichotomous variables.

Intervals/ratios. This is the measurement between two values whose distances the same.Ordinal variables. The data is ranked in the form of degree but does not ascertain the empirical difference between data limits.Nominal or ‘categorical’ variables. They are for mutually exclusive but not organized categories.Dichotomous variables. These are two mutually exclusive...

“Interviewing in qualitative research is typically of the unstructured or semi-structured kind”. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

I agree with the statement. Interviewing is typical of the unstructured, or the semi-structured since interviewing in quantitative research is different from interviewing in quantitative research. The mode of approach in qualitative research is less rigid and structural. The interviewer puts more emphasis on the interviewees’ perceptions rather than on...

The crucial problem with quantitative research is the failure of its practitioners to address adequately the issue of ‘meaning’. Discuss this statement.

Quantitative research is defined as a linear series of procedures to prove a theory, but the methodology identified is the ideal type that has a lot of failures. Observations only involve looking for specific indicators. Quantitative research is preoccupied with other issues, such as measurement, causality, generalization, and replication, and...

What are the main differences between description and analysis?

The major difference between description and analysis is that description is an introduction to a certain issue that is what a particular subject is all about. While analysis, on the other hand, is about what a particular subject is all about and looks into the in-depth factors of that subject...

Identify the main purposes of a literature review.

The main purpose of the literature review is to analyze secondary data critically. It is therefore used by a person to establish a theoretical framework for a given topic by determining the key issues. In addition, one has to understand what the research is about and how it was conducted...

Compare theoretical sampling and snowball sampling in qualitative research.

Snowball sampling is a type of sampling method in research commonly referred to as chain referral sampling. Under this method, the informants used by the researcher in carrying out the research usually refer to the researcher to other subjects whom they think may offer vital information towards the research. Thus,...

What is wrong with the following questions? a. What is your annual salary? Below £10,000; £10,000-15,000; £15,000-20,000; £20,000-30,000; £30,000-50,000; £50,000 and above. b. How satisfied are you with the customer services and products provided by this company? Very satisfied; Fairly satisfied; Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied; Fairly dissatisfied; Very dissatisfied.

a. The annual salary is an average sum that is quantitative in nature and thus can be mathematically be analyzed, thus the answers below £10,000 and £50,000 and above, are not complete and do not answer the specified question, unlike the others which give a complete answer. b. This question...

What are the key characteristics of ethnographic research?

Ethnography research is research that is carried out in the field that is carried by a single researcher whose lifestyle is similar to the subjected on whose the research is bound to investigate. Thus, it is research that is based on the culture of specified people or community; it tends...

‘When you begin to investigate a particular research question you must have a very specific hypothesis in mind, which cannot change as the research progresses’. Explain why this statement is correct or incorrect.

Before any type of research commences, a researcher or analyst should have a specific objective in mind in which his research seeks to establish, that is, the facts surrounding the issue or phenomenon. Therefore, one needs to establish a hypothesis that will act as a guideline and strategy for the...

How would you as a consultant choose an appropriate organizational intervention?

As a consultant, in order to choose the best organizational intervention method, I would first consider the needed facts and then embark on team building. This intervention method is based on the assumption that the fundamental factor in changing individual and organizational behavior is to get people working together in...

Under what circumstances should consultants use formal contracts?

A written formal contract may be required for several reasons. One, it can be a basic requirement where the law requires the signing of a formal contract that has clear guidelines and regulations of what is expected of each party. It is very advisable to always use a formal contract...

Under what circumstances can resistance in the consultation be seen as a positive? Describe ways for the consultant to effectively deal with resistance.

Resistance during consultations occurs due to various reasons ranging from consultant ineptness to being a function of the consultee. The major problem of resistance inhibits positive consultations. Sometimes resistance is positive since it gives the consultant the feel about the issue. The positive aspects of resistance are that sometimes it...

What type of research can consultants use to enhance their effectiveness?

There are three types of research through which consultants can conduct their research: causal, descriptive, and relational research. The choice of any of the following methods depends on the situation that faces the consultant and the advantages and limitations involved with the choice made. Causal research involves conducting research while...

Give your thoughts on the current government buying habits.

The government of the USA has been noted economists to be ever stretching its budget. This simply indicates its plan to increase its purchasing power in order to buy the services and goods necessary for running the economy. For example, it actively participates in international trade from which it acquires...

What factors go into decision-making?

People make several decisions on a daily basis because of the challenges that they encounter in different environments. Decisions are made through a cognitive process that is psychological in nature. There are many factors that determine the kind of decisions a person makes. Some of these factors are personal principles,...

How does physical environment factor come into play?

The physical environment is natural surroundings that make the universe with the exemption of life and any adjustments made by human beings in their activities. They include the ozone layer, air, macrocosmos, field, and radiation. These factors affect the life of human beings since they dictate activities that human beings...

How important are natural resources?

Natural resources are economical materials, mostly found in raw form, utilized by human beings to make various commodities. They include natural forests, oil reserves, water, soil, quarries, and wild animals. In one way or another, all goods in society have their source in natural sources. They are raw materials in...

What is culture?

Culture is a homogenous behavior adopted by a certain group of people, mostly living together or who have something in common. In societies, when a child is born, he/she is introduced to the way of life of the society. Different societies have a different culture instilled in a newcomer and...

Do our Presidents have too much or not enough power? Why or why not?

The president has limited powers because Congress regulates the same. The president cannot make a ruling without first consulting with the Senate or Congress. Congress has the powers to vet presidential decrees whether they are constitutional or not. Unlike the current president, in the previous governments, presidents had much power...

Is Clymer Fitzsimmons federalist, anti-federalist, or undecided?

Clymer Fitzsimmons is a federalist as he loathes a centralized government that denied him a chance to vote because he was poor. Given a chance, he would like to participate in the government by voting, but he believes that the central government undermined his rights. His background life shows that...

Is Francis Whipple federalist, anti-federalist, or undecided?

Francis Whipple is anti-federalist because he believes in the existence of a powerful central government to offer protection to personal property and against the increasing restlessness of the masses. Dry argues that “the anti-federalists believed that to maintain the spirit of the central government, the defense against tyranny is necessary...

Is Tom McKean federalist, anti-federalist, or undecided?

Tom McKean is neither a federalist nor an anti-federalist. From his background information, he became a soldier in the Continental Army while still very young at the age of sixteen, thus missed his education, yet he was an apt pupil. He joined Continental Army by chance but without any specific...

Is Patrick O’Neil federalist, anti-federalist, or undecided?

Patrick O’Neil is a federalist because he considered himself a common person, and many of his friends and fans considered him as the voice of the common person. With his oratory ability, he advocated for the interests of the people, which underlines federalism. A federalist believes a better form of...

Is Edward Heyward federalist, anti-federalist, or undecided?

Edward Heyward is anti-federalist because he is a member of the aristocracy of Georgia who advocates for the centralized government so that it can exercise imperial powers against its subjects. After independence from Britain, he acquired substantial tracts of land and wealth that made him feel that he was very...

Is Josiah Bartlett federalist, anti-federalist, or undecided?

Josiah Bartlett is neither a federalist nor anti-federalist because his business has nothing to do with politics. His background shows that he has little formal schooling and has begun working as an apprenticeship by the age of twelve, and by the age of 18, he had his own plantations. His...

Is Thomas Abraham Clark federalist, anti-federalist, or undecided?

Thomas Abraham Clark is a federalist since his father is a prominent lawyer in Philadelphia, where the discussion and deliberation of the Federal Convention took place. Since he got his studies at home, it means that his father had ample time to teach him federalism that ushered him into local...

Can you conceive of your own death? In what way? If dualism is true, does that mean that there is necessarily an afterlife? Why or why not? If there is no afterlife, how should you feel about death? What would make death a good thing or a bad thing?

Many thoughts about death visit me frequently. I feel fear because of its inevitability. Sometimes, I am angry because I can do nothing to change this end, and death is the only outcome for every person. I cannot conceive death as something good. It is the end of my life,...

What do words refer to? Are they simply marks on a page or do they describe things in the world? Can you use a word that represents all examples of a thing even when you have not experienced most of them? Is the meaning of a word something we all have in our minds when we use it? Are we able to think in universals or are we always thinking of a particular?

I want to believe that words may refer to the whole world from an abstract point of view. They are not simply the marks on pages but the means with the help of which a speaker or a writer can describe people, events, or other things around. Words are amazingly...

What Is the Meaning of Human History?

The human history is a legacy that people have to remember and carry to be able to make the right choices and avoid the mistakes similar to those that they made in the past. The Christian concept of history also suggests valuing the knowledge gained over the course of decades...

How Do We Know What Is Right and Wrong?

The ability to differentiate between right and wrong or, to be more specific, between virtue and sin, is another acquired quality that one needs to develop in order to grow spiritually. The Bible provides rather clear examples of the notions in question, therefore drawing a very distinct line between right...

Why Is It Possible to Know Anything at All?

The question regarding the possibility of knowing anything with complete certainty remains open according to the existing theological studies (Plantinga, 2015). Nevertheless, the Bible posits that it is possible to carry the knowledge of a particular notion, phenomenon, or object (Plantinga, 2015). The specified ability is justified by the statements...

What Happens to a Person at Death?

The idea of afterlife is inseparable from the Christian faith and is, perhaps, the most common concept to associate with Christianity in the popular culture. However, the idea of life after death is often misinterpreted. Contrary to the popular belief, the Christian faith suggests that the dead will resurrect after...

What Is a Human Being?

The biblical definition of a human being suggests viewing a person as the creation of God. There are numerous definitions of people and the human nature, in general, across the Bible. Some of them can only be read as hints, while others are rather obvious in their portrayal of a...

What is the Nature of the World around Us?

When approaching the phenomenon of the world from a Biblical perspective, one is likely to jump to the easiest interpretation thereof possible, which implies that God has created the world. While being undoubtedly true, the identified response does not allow exploring the nature of the universe in depth. To define...

What Is Prime Reality?

The notion of the Prime Reality as it is explained in the Bible is defined as the “infinite personal God” (Sire, 2015, p. 71). The phenomenon of the Prime Reality allows reconcile the Biblical concept of the Divine and one’s personal self. As a result, the opportunity for making the...

In your opinion, what are some of the more noteworthy weaknesses of the Classical school of thought? Why did societies begin abandoning some of its’ key premises as time passed?

The main weakness of the Classical School of thought, in my opinion, is that it does not fit the contemporary environment of crime prevention. The Classical view focuses on the punishment as the ultimate method of crime prevention. However, harsh punishment often contradicts the premises of human rights and ethics...

In your opinion, what are some of the more noteworthy strengths of the Classical school of thought? Why was it so readily accepted after it was first introduced?

The main strengths of the Classical thought were its relevance, ethical considerations, and perceived effectiveness. The Classical school resulted from the Enlightenment movement, which emphasized human rights and viewed people as rational beings. It also marked the increase in the popularity of ethics as a subject, as new ethical theories...

Assume you are a proponent of the Neoclassical School of thought. How would your adherence to this school of thought influence your views about our modern criminal justice system? How would your opinion vary from that of an individual who supports the Classical school? Support your answer with a well reasoned argument.

The three primary qualities of effective punishment by Neoclassical Theory are swiftness, severity, and certainty. Modern justice system often fails with regards to these criteria. First of all, investigations and trials can take months or years, and thus the punishment is postponed. Secondly, the severity of the sentence is often...

Assume you are a proponent of the Classical School of thought. How would your adherence to this school of thought influence your views about our modern criminal justice system? For example, would you think we treat offenders too leniently? Too harshly? Defend your answer.

The Classical School of thought is based on the principle that crime is a personal choice based on weighing pleasure and pain resulting from a particular action. Therefore, when one chooses to commit a crime, they perceive the pain that will result from it as less than the pleasure they...

a. What is Prime Reality? b. What is the nature of the world around you? c. What is a Human Being? d. What Happens to a Person at Death? e. Why is it Possible to Know Anything at all? f. How do People Know What is Right or Wrong? g. What is the Meaning of Human History?

a. Various views on the world have different explanations for what prime reality is. In religion, particularly in Christianity, the prime reality is God. However, naturalism considers that the term relates to eternal matter. In addition, in this belief, God does not exist at all. Postmodernism defines prime reality in...

Why might Islam have appealed to many inside and outside the Arab regions?

The appeal of Islam can be explained by a number of factors. First of all, the main ideas of this religion were similar to the ones expressed by followers of similar faiths that were based on the stories of Jesus, such as Christianity and Judaism. While Islam was presented as...

What is the salary range for a CPA at a large firm during the first three years?

The income of a CPA depends on the person’s expertise and experience. The salary range for a CPA at a large firm during the first three years is between $52,000 and $87,000 (“Average certified public accountant,” n.d.). Chief financial officers and treasurers can earn from $76,000 to $147,000 (“Average certified...

What skills does a CPA need?

Apart from professional knowledge and experience, accountants need to possess a set of skills in order to succeed in their career. The most crucial of these features are organization, adaptability, openness, communication, leadership, and time management (Topan, 2014). CPAs should be able to adjust quickly to new environments. Also, it...

Where do the CPAs work?

The job of a CPA (certified public accountant) is highly important. CPAs work in a variety of organizations. The most common places of work for CPAs are businesses, educational and government institutions, and public accounting firms. However, CPAs can also work for one person, for instance, actors or movie stars...

Think about a new technology that you encountered in school or the workplace and analyze it from a sociological point of view. What do you think this technology contributes? Are there any negative effects of using the technology? Have you noticed any resistance to it? If so, why do you think this has occurred?

Nowadays, many employers start using the biometric attendance system. With its help, they manage to be aware of who and when entered particular rooms. This technology is especially useful for those organizations that provide employees with different access levels, which means that some of them are not allowed to enter...

For a community you are involved in, name two key factors in each area. For your community, which factors have the most effect? The least?

In case of Miami, the most important factors seem to be individual and environmental ones while some community and interpersonal factors are less critical. Age reveals people’s vulnerability, and socioeconomic limitations affect their ability to reach needed care. It is very hot in Miami, so environmental hazards and water quality...

If your senses can be this fraught with inconsistencies, discrepancies, and errors (and they often are), how can you ever be sure that the world is as it appears to be? Can you really know anything? How would you answer these skeptical concerns?

No one can be sure that the world is as it appears to be. Everyone perceives the world around them in their own uniquely individualized way, so it is impossible for a person to really know anything. However, not all things are as tricky as bright stars that appear to...

Is there any way that you can tell whether you are awake or dreaming? Is Descartes right that he cannot tell the difference? Try to identify and explain at least two ways that dreaming experiences and waking experiences are different.

There are several ways that one can tell whether they are awake or dreaming, for example, pinching themselves. Perhaps Descartes could not prove that people could distinguish reality from illusion, so he was right in his own way. The first difference between dreaming and waking experiences is the ability to...

According to Plato, are the ideas of Beauty and Courage objectively real, or are they notions that we invent in our minds whenever we want to? Do you think these ideas are objectively real? Provide an argument to back up your answer.

Plato discussed his views on Beauty and Courage in his Symposium. According to the philosopher, both Beauty and Courage are objectively real ideas. According to his Theory of Forms, all people have a general conception of Beauty and Courage, which is how they can identify beautiful things or courageous people....

Which seems more likely to you: that your path in life is determined before you were born, or that you are born and then you determine how your life will go? Why? Is there a middle ground on this issue?

I think that there is no right answer to the nature v. nurture conundrum. Picking any side of the debate seems wrong and too radical. Believing that my path in life is predetermined by my genes and the environment that I was born into deprives me of any self-agency. I...

How can small group conversations in the classroom be made productive?

Inviting learners to partake in the classroom dialogue is an important step toward training linguistic expressivity. Therefore, making conversations in class productive is one of the primary tasks that a teacher can face in the academic environment. The use of nonverbal communication strategies such as making eye contact is an...

Describe strategies to enhance expressive and receptive language.

With the development of abstract thinking and the ability to use creativity to express themselves, young learners require the support of teachers to develop expressive and receptive language skills. To attain the specified goal, teachers may consider integrating tools such as focusing on language expansion through descriptive tasks. Asking questions...

Do humans possess free will? Why or why not?

There are millions of philosophical questions the answers to which are hard to formulate. The discussion about free will is one of them, and many researchers or ordinary people are ready to offer their visions and options. One should understand that it is possible to have “yes” and “no” answers...

A local newspaper wanted to gather information about house sales in the area. It distributed 25,000 electronic surveys to its readers asking questions about house sales in the past 6 months. Of the surveys sent out, 3.2% were returned. The results found that 92% of people did not sell their house in the past 6 months and 85% of people would expect a loss if they sold their house. The writer wants to use these results to conclude that the housing market is declining, and we are headed for a recession. a. Explain the bias and sampling error in this study. b. Should the writer conclude that the housing market is declining based upon this data? c. Why or why not?

a. One particular sampling error is the use of voluntary sampling instead of random sampling. The sampling is biased as people who did not read the newspaper could not participate in the survey. At the same time, it is likely that only those people who had a strong opinion about...

Maria Sharapova has had some recent challenges on the court with her world ranking and off the court with a drug suspension. How do you think Maria has been doing with her career in the last 5 years from an endorsement portfolio perspective? Discuss some of her recent deals.

Sharapova’s brand suffered a major blow in 2016 when she failed a drug test at the Australian Open. Since then, she has not closed any major endorsement deal. Some of the endorsements that she has acquired in the last five years involve her companies, such as Sugarpova, Evian, Sugargoop, and...

What part did Max Eisenbud play in the development of Maria’s career?

Max Eisenbud played a central role in the rapid growth of Sharapova’s career development immediately after she signed with IMG. Eisenbud was highly experienced in tennis and when he saw Sharapova for the first time, he knew that she was uniquely talented for the sport. He became her agent and...

Summarize in a few paragraphs the key elements of Tennis industry.

Tennis is a worldwide sport that can be played by two opposing players (singles) or two opposing teams (doubles). The sport has a huge following around the world with over 24 million players in the US participating in it in 2003. In the same year, 340 million dollars was spent...