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Describe the instruments of national power and provide at least one example for each category.

Diplomacy  Diplomatic instruments are principles for coordinating with foreign states and groups to promote US interests, objectives, and values. The US utilizes diplomacy to organize alliances, allies, proxies, and surrogates to support US military functions. Geographic combatant commanders (GCCs) align military operations with diplomatic engagements in designated areas. The US...

Describe risk within the Ends-Ways-Means-Risk construct and approaches to risk reduction that a combatant commander could make if a given strategy approved at the national policy or strategic level was determined to entail excessive risk.

The End-Ways-Means-Risk Construct  The combatant commander has to use system theories to determine the Ends-Ways-Risks construct. Therefore, the systems model covers many grounds, and the officer can get lost in the networked links and nodes. A commander must comprehend the desired end-state, the strategies to achieve it, and the required...

Using the USEUCOM Theater Strategy, describe how EUCOM is accomplishing the first theater priority of “Deter Russian aggression”.

Russia supports common security objectives, such as counternarcotics and counterterrorism. However, it disregards the neighbors’ sovereign power in Europe and violates international agreements. The US national military focuses on deterring adversaries from interfering with its interests and allies. Russia is aggressive to NATO allies and European partners, and the actions...

What is the purpose of a Combatant Commanders Annual Posture Statement to Congress?

The Posture Statement informs Congress about the status of the Combatant Commanders. It focuses on transformation and the development of campaign qualities with expeditionary capacities. The Annual Statement is a non-secretive summary of the Combatant Commanders’ roles, missions, and accomplished programs. The overarching strategies of the Posture Statement are relevance,...

The September 11 terrorists, why did they do this?

The September 11 attacks were terrorist acts conceived and implemented by al-Qaeda as an expression of displeasure regarding the activities of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia and Israel’s support for the United States’ activities in the Middle East. Another reason was to express opposition to the sanctions and economic embargos...

With the election of Barack Obama as the 44th president of the United States, does this country still need affirmative action? Why or why not? What about gerrymandered districts to ensure that a minority gets elected?

The election of Barack Obama as President in 2008 marked the first time an African-American had been elected to the nation’s highest office.While many of his political opponents were inspired by the milestone, it also raised questions about affirmative action policies. These policies started in the late-1960’s and required employers...

Will the U.S. adhere to IFRS?

The United States will accept IFRS because of its well-built moral tradition and its long-standing intolerance for unethical conduct. Its economic and financial principles have been applied by other nations as a benchmark to assess their economic and accounting success until lately. The United States must lead in adhering to...

Explain the role of bureaucracy in capitalism.

According to Weber, capitalism is a system of production, which provides human needs through a rational enterprise that focuses on making profits. A rational enterprise is an establishment that measures its ability to generate income through calculations based on modern bookkeeping techniques. Bureaucracy promotes rationalized capitalism by facilitating the use...

Discuss how the government has stepped in with regulatory practices to “encourage” good ethical practices and prevent citizens from being abused or taken advantage of. Why is this necessary?

Since the second half of the 20th century, the government stepped up to encourage and even enforce ethical practices and prevent citizens from the effects of corporate fraud or immoral actions. One example of such a negative impact is financial – in the cases of Enron of WorldCom, misleading accounting...

Discuss the differences in the functions of political parties and pressure groups. Give Canadian examples of the various types of pressure groups discussed in the text. How effective are they in Canada’s parliamentary system of government? Why are many democratic governments moving to register the groups that pressure them?

Pressure groups are very crucial in advancing the true spirit of democracy in any given country. Although their functions overlap those of political parties in a number of ways, they are uniquely different from the former. To begin with, pressure groups will often mobilize people towards deliberating on important debates...

What is an electoral system? Discuss the role of an electoral system in determining the outcome of an election. How does the single-member district with plurality affect Canada’s party system? How would the use of proportional representation change the electoral performance of Canada’s political parties? Should Canadians change their electoral system for a more representative and proportional one?

An electoral system refers to a systematic and structured method through which all the votes which have been cast during an election are subjected to the process of counting, analyzing, and eventually announcing the outcome. For an electoral system to work, there must be an electoral body that is specifically...

How important is it for the civil liberty freedom of information to enable public access to all that the government knows and does about terrorism and terrorism investigation?

Human rights organizations have been vocal in the fight against inhumane acts on any suspects that are not proven guilty in a court of law. The information got from investigations of the government requires to be kept secretively until it is verified. Giving such information to the public may cause...

Discuss the checks and balances the president, Congress, and the judiciary have on the bureaucracy. Which techniques are used most often, which are the most effective, and why?

Separation of powers is one of the most vital principles that do undergird the American government system. This describes the parceling out of functions of government, authority and power to different institutions that possess relative independence in the federal system. This will help to prevent any institution from being controlled...

Do you believe televised debates between and among leadership candidates sway election outcomes in Canada and the United States? Which group of voters is most likely to be persuaded by debates? Are you a voter who observes debates before deciding which party leader to support?

The use of television in election campaigns has been very instrumental in persuading voters to vote either way since the era of U.S President J.F. Kennedy. In fact, televised campaigns were later found to be the most powerful tool for not only reaching potential voters but also influencing their opinions...

Identify and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the U.S. primary system as a means of nominating candidates to elective office. Do you believe the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? Why or why not?

The U.S primary system gives eligible voters the chance to vote for candidates who will then proceed to subsequent elections. One merit of the U.S primary system is that it is more consultative and thorough. Usually, a candidate goes through a series of voting processes that ensures that the right...

It is sometimes argued that democracy would not be possible in contemporary societies without political parties. What these institutions are and how, through them, the public is able to gain access to the governing elite, hold them accountable, and influence public policies?

The power under question is purely political, and so a political party is a well-organized unit that will often participate in electoral processes to elect popular and most deserving leadership. In addition, a political party will at times launch protests in cases where it feels the government has overstepped or...

Compare the roles of political parties in democratic and non-democratic states. What are the various functions of political parties with particular reference to how they recruit political leaders, socialize the masses, and aggregate political interests in society?

Political parties in democratic states have broad-based roles compared to those operating in governments that are not democratic at all. For instance, in a country where democratic ideals are not practiced, political parties have limited powers and duties to perform. In most cases, there is usually a single ruling party...

Discuss how party systems evolve. What type of system has evolved in Canada, the United States, Germany, Spain, and Italy? What factors have contributed to the development of multi-party systems in former communist East European states after the collapse of communism?

One way through which parties can evolve is through their number as well as the different philosophies or ideas which they stand for or support. It is important to note that political parties are not static vehicles of change, but they respond to every stimulus within their environment of operation....

Discuss State Power As Determining International Conflict

How does the United States use its power to determine international relations and what role does the U.S. play in terms of affecting international outcomes? How are we viewed internationally and are we leading, or are we lagging behind in terms of timely and effective responses? Describe the relationship between...

Discuss the Gun Control Policy

Discuss the Gun Control Policy. Explain its connection to the departmental policy – the right to carry a gun. Analyze the history of the policy, identifying key influential treads, and predict the potential future direction of the state or federal policies in supporting this issue. Analyze the issues with the...

Discuss the Relationship Between China and Japan

Using examples from different eras, decades, or centuries, explain how both political conflict and economic interdependence have shaped the interactions between China and Japan since 1850. How did the concept of nationalism reach East Asia in the late 1800s, and how did it then spread throughout countries like China and...

Discuss Three American Foreign Policies

Pick 3 policies: Vietnam (conflict) War, Camp David Accords, Strategic Defense Initiative (nicknamed “Star Wars”). Explain how each of your choices was an effective policy to thwart international communist expansion. Based on your selections, analyze if the United States should have feared international communist subversion during the Cold War era...

Essay on Immigration in modern USA

Analyze the issues related to illegal immigrants and foreigners arriving from other countries, cities, and regions are one of the urgent and acute problems of the modern USA.

Essay on the Immigration in America

Is there anything wrong in offering unauthorized immigrants “a path to citizenship”? Should children brought into a country illegally ever be deported?

Evaluate the Effectiveness of Policies

Choose 3 of American Foreign policies (Marshall Plan, Containment, Berlin Airlift, Vietnam War, Détente’, SALT I & SALT II, Camp David Accords, Strategic Defense Initiative, Anti-Communist Freedom Fighters) and explain how each of them was an effective policy to thwart international communist expansion. Based on your selections, analyze if the...

Freedom is Gained When We Mutually Coerce One Another Into Political Agreement

What do Rousseau and Kant and Mill think about the statement “freedom is gained when we mutually coerce one another into political agreement”? Explain this statement. What is the meaning of freedom for your two philosophers? What role does equality play in freedom for them? What specific aspects of mutual...

Government of the Untited States

Has the United States established good government from reflection and choice? In your opinion and using the information learned regarding the history, philosophy, and function of the US government, has the United States established good government from reflection and choice, or are they as a nation forever destined to depend,...

Government Policy and Resources Availability

Analyze the current state of the law concerning people whose injury resulted from national security policy. A state secret or executive privilege is often claimed in the interest of national security, thereby foreclosing any disclosure in civil or criminal cases. Given the current state of the law, what recourse is...

How Do Social Factors Promote Democracy?

Define “Interest Groups”, “Free and Fair Elections “, “Media – Free Press” and “Public Opinion”. How does each of these factors promote democracy (your opinion)? Define court-ordered warrant, search, seize, exclusionary rule, and probable cause and provide examples. What are Freedom of Religion, Freedom to Protest, Freedom of Speech, Freedom...

How Does the U.S. Military Evolution Impact Current Military Operations?

The purpose of this activity is to assess how the U.S. military evolution impacts current military operations. As you begin your analysis, it is necessary to use a matrix to properly assess the impact of military history on current operations. Use the nine principles of operations currently used by the...

How Harmful Military Budget Cuts Can Be?

Prepare an argumentative essay speaking about how harmful military budget cuts can be for our defense. Provide examples of how military budget cuts have caused military deaths in training. Discuss how military budget cuts hurt job opportunities.

How to Deal with Illegal Immigration?

How to deal with illegal immigration? Use the following structure: Introduction: Hook – introduce the problem Connecting Information (background information, history of the problem) Stated for Direct Thesis Statement (i.e., identify the problem and the two solutions) Body: Body Paragraph 1 – Why is the problem important? Address it in...

How Will We Reform the American Political System?

Answer the question, “How will we reform the American political system?” Choose one reform idea to write about. Your essay should include the following: Introduction – explain the problem and its importance to the average American. Problem Description – include statistics to show how much of a problem this issue...

How Would You Make Important Decisions as a President?

Imagine you are the president of the United States. Congrats! How will you address the drug issue? Will you make it federal law for all drugs to be legal/illegal? Will you leave it up to the states? Are there some drugs that are legal and some that are illegal? Why...

Immigration Social Policy Argument

Argue (with equal strength/conviction) both FOR and AGAINST a particular immigration social policy legislation without the use of inflammatory or judgmental language. In this formal research paper, you will be expected to argue (with equal strength/conviction) both FOR and AGAINST a particular piece of social policy legislation without the use...

Is America Ready for a Female President?

You will write an argumentative essay of 600+ words and five+ paragraphs presenting a position on the topic above. Take a clear position on the topic. Thesis: The essay takes a clear position on the topic. Content: The essay provides an acceptable level of logical, reliable evidence to support the...

Discuss Patterns of Representation in Congress

Research the proportion of women, African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans and openly gay or lesbian members of Congress. Reflect on what these patterns say about the nature of representation. Why do some groups tend to be underrepresented in Congress? Why do you see a trend in which...

Discuss Governmental System of Your Choice

Make an argument for a Parliamentary, Presidential, or Mixed system. Describe and defend your system. There should be a minimum of two citations and these should be quality sources from scholarly journals; i.e., secondary sources. If you are taking a position on a controversial issue in any format be sure...

Discuss Democracy and Its Various Forms in Canada

Write an essay on the following topics: Discuss democracy and its various forms in Canada. Which factors strengthen it and which undermine it? What role has resource extraction played in Canadian economic development? What challenges does this pose to our environment and what political compilations does it entail?

Discuss American Politics and Government Today

As you begin to read the uploaded material, post events here that you see connected with the views of the Framers of the Constitution. What is going on in this country today at the Federal or state level and what is the relationship between the two? What are individual states...

Discuss an Issue That Affects Government or Society

Identify the issue and how it effects government or society. Present two or more scholarly opinions on the issue. Such as those for and against, or perhaps identify different solutions to the same problem from different people or groups. Paper should follow academic essay format of an introduction, body of...

Discuss a Political Article with the Editor

Write a letter to the editor on a national, state or local political issue. Your letter has to be a response to a major article or editorial from a reliable and credible source. In other words, do not pick a one-paragraph news note or a heavily slanted source.

Provide an Overview of the Nation of Immigrants

Description of the history of immigration into the USA. Overview of colonial settlements into what is known today as the United States of America, and the forced and voluntary immigration into the new land. The flooded immigration from the year 1851-1900 and how did it affect the industrial sector in...

Racial Profiling Defensible Public Policy

Analyze a controversial topic and key current issues related to the topic. Describe own personal or professional position on a topic supported by psychological theories as well as research in culture, ethnicity, and diversity. Apply both psychological theories or research in culture, ethnicity, and diversity to support counterarguments to a...

Racism as a Political Tool in America

How is racism used as a political tool in America? Don’t simply answer the question but move beyond it and think of the larger discussion that can come from it. How is this issue reflective of people/humanity/the world? Use at least 2 scholarly articles for this 3-page paper. For in-text...

Seven Types of Power in Leadership

Discuss seven types of power in leadership. Types of power in leadership: Legitimate Power Coercive Power Expert Power Informational Power Reward Power Connection Power Referent Power Define and describe the various types of power, compare and contrast the pros and cons of the use of each type. Select one type...

Should the Government Fight Recessions with Spending Hikes?

Analyze 36th part of Principles of Economics 9th edition By N. Gregory Mankiw. What are the pros and cons of the author’s opinion? Discuss whether should the government fight recessions with spending hikes rather than tax cuts? Provide your thoughts, either pro or con on the topic and reasons for...

Should the Government Censor the Internet?

Write an argumentative essay on the topic. Include a clearly stated Counterargument(s), Concession(s), and Rebuttal(s). The purpose of this assignment is for you to identify a complex issue that is of importance to you conduct in-depth research on the topic take a position(s) on the issue explore alternative positions, and...

Should the Government Regulate TV Broadcast?

Should the government regulate what is broadcast on television or should regulation be the responsibility of each individual consumer? For example, should the government state that nudity is inappropriate during Prime Time and restrict it, or should individuals say to themselves: “If I don’t like what’s on, or I don’t...

Develop a Policy Primer on the Covid-19 Pandemic

Provide a short introduction explaining what you will present in the policy primer, and some brief conclusions summarising your findings. The organisation of the body of the primer will depend on the topic you select. You will need a section with a background on the issue your selected policy deals...

Describe Campaigns and Elections in the US Government

How does your topic fit into political science and why is it important? How was your topic affected by previous events? How did it affect contemporary events (during the same time period) and future events (immediate and present day)? Was your topic affected by a particular region of the country?

Critically Analyze Stop and Search Policy and Race Discrimination

Explain why you want to carry out a piece of socio-legal research on a criminological topic and discuss the relevant types of research needed to help achieve that goal. Discuss the kinds of methodological approaches that would be involved in your research and any relevant underlying theoretical assumptions about the...

Arguments for a Political Ideology and Philosophy

Why should there be rulers or a system of political rule? What should be the goals or ends of political rule? What should politics try to accomplish and establish? Who should be the rulers? What should be the ideal qualities of for leaders and rulers? How should the rulers be...

Study Imperialism in the United States

Watch the film “America in the 20th Century: America Becomes a World Power” and read the article “The Splendid Little Forgotten War: The Mobilization of South Carolina for the War with Spain.” Then examine the factors that led to the U.S. becoming a Pacific power. Answer the question: “how did...

The Analysis of Harry S. Truman Presidency

Discuss Harry S. Truman’s presidency; determine whether he was an effective president. You should present information on President Harry S. Truman’s background life and how that shaped him into getting into politics, his term in office, such as policies, crises, etc.., and of course your opinion on the particular time...

The Evolution of Indigenous Rights and Governance in Canada

Discuss the evolution of indigenous rights and governance in Canada Explain an issue regarding Canadian politics and put forward an argument. Provide some background information on your topic. Why is it relevant to the field of Canadian politics? Make your argument clear in your introduction and you need to explain...

The Impact of Morality in Politics

Discuss if morality should play a role in politics, either domestically or internationally. The question of morality in politics has been in the background the entire time. From Machiavelli to modern political researchers, the tricky issue of the role of morality has been either directly or indirectly discussed by nearly...

The Power of Media in American Politics

What is the power of media in American politics? How do we get our information and what does it mean to be a mediated citizen in today’s America? What do journalists do, how important are those things and can we trust them? How do people working in the media help...

The Relationship Between States

Discuss the relationship between the USA and China. Briefly outline the main differences and similarities between the realist and liberalist views of the relationship between states. Over the past few years, the US relationship with the emerging superpower state of China has grown increasingly antagonistic. This relationship has grown even...

U.S. Representative and Congressional District

Profiling your U.S. Representative and your Congressional District. How well does my representative do in representing my interests and the interests of my community? Profiling your U.S. Representative and your Congressional District The demographic characteristics of the U.S. Congressional district that you live in. The issues that people in the...

Understanding Geopolitics and its Role in Cybersecurity

What is the role of geopolitics in cybersecurity? Based on your readings and own research, what is geopolitics? In your own words, describe some of the geopolitical issues that derive from cybersecurity or cyber operations. Write a well-written essay with a clear and developed thesis statement. Make sure to use...

US Policy with Regards To Afghanistan – What Does Nation-Building Mean?

Look at US policy with regards to Afghanistan and research the nation-building efforts – infrastructure, governance, security, etc. How has it contributed to the fall of the Afghan government? Highlighting the problems with the US government’s effective leadership and clear plan which created disorder and a lack of clear domestic...

What Characteristics Do Voters Choose and Why?

What characteristics do you think voters look for when choosing a president? Do you think voters choose the characteristics they are looking for depending on the socioeconomic and political environment – lack of jobs, riots, COVID-19, environmental concerns, and other issues, etc.? Explain your answer. Be sure to make connections...

What Is the Connection Between Politics and Art?

How is the artist (understood broadly) portrayed in one of the works at hand, either explicitly or by way of analogy? What is the relationship between politics and art? What is or ought to be the role of art in society? What role does the artist have in creating and...

What Is the Role of Politics in International Trade?

Write a summary of the book “The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy” by P. Rivoli and identify the main idea. According to Rivoli, what is the role of politics in international trade? Explain. What is the most intriguing idea you found in this book? Write one page...

An International Actor in the Issue Area of Global Politics

Describe and discuss an international actor by relating its activities to the issue area of global politics where it operates. Reflect upon the international relations of your chosen actor in that specific issue area and how the dominant structural forces of world politics influence your chosen actor, and vice versa....

Why Do Some Groups Tend to Be Underrepresented in Congress?

Research the proportion of women, African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans and openly gay or lesbian members of Congress. Reflect on what these patterns say about the nature of representation. Why do some groups tend to be underrepresented in Congress? Why do you see a trend in which...

Discuss how terrorism has changed the meaning of homeland security to governments and international organizations. If governments remain preoccupied looking inward with issues of Homeland Security, will the threat of terrorism roll back or speed up the advance of globalization? Can state armies be agents of terrorism?

Both the governments and international organizations are more aware and concerned about terrorism activities than ever before. Specifically, the definition of homeland security has changed a great deal, with more detective pieces of machinery being put in place to monitor the threat of terrorism. One of the recent fears laid...

One hundred years from now, will nation-states still dominate international affairs? If not, what organizations will? In what way do multinational corporations challenge the power of nation-states?

A definite look into the future and the current dominance of nation-states in controlling international affairs will have changed a great deal. For example, as it is evident right now, the ideal mechanism of fighting terrorism has moved from the hands of a single state or a few selected nations...

Unequal in size and unequal in power, Canada and the United States conduct a unique relationship in world politics. Why is it unique, and how stable is it? List three issues that will unite their interests and three that will divide their interests in the next ten years.

The United States of America and Canada have been related for over two centuries now. They both have a common political system and structure, which they inherited from their former colonial master, Britain. The two countries have enjoyed a warm bilateral relationship, especially in trading activities, in spite of the...

What are the underlying tenets of modern constitutionalism? How are these tenets reflected in the Canadian Constitution? What have been some of the major implications of these doctrines for changing the Canadian Constitution?

The tendency towards constitutionalism has grasped the majority of nations and countries in the course of the 20th century. Constitutionalism, in fact, dictates the necessity to limit the power and authority of the government to the borders of the constitution that serves to protect human rights and to establish the...

Discuss how party systems evolve. What type of system has evolved in Canada, the United States, Germany, Spain, and Italy? What factors have contributed to the development of multiparty systems in former communist East European states after the collapse of communism?

The party systems evolve as a result of the long-standing historical process, e.g. the US bi-party political system dates back to the proponents of Lincoln and Jefferson. There are some factors that contributed to the formation of the US system in the course of time: first of all, it was...

Discuss how party systems evolve. What type of system has evolved in Canada, the United States, Germany, Spain, and Italy? What factors have contributed to the development of multiparty systems in former communist East European states after the collapse of communism?

The party systems evolve as a result of the long-standing historical process, e.g. the US bi-party political system dates back to the proponents of Lincoln and Jefferson. There are some factors that contributed to the formation of the US system in the course of time: first of all, it was...

Discuss the differences in the functions of political parties and pressure groups. Give Canadian examples of the various types of pressure groups discussed in the text. How effective are they in Canada’s parliamentary system of government? Why are many democratic governments moving to register the groups that pressure them?

As comes from the considerations of Guy, political parties are not the only political force with the help of which political outcomes are formed, and there is another body of influence in the field of politics. These are pressure groups: they articulate the interests of people who want to influence...

What is an electoral system? Discuss the role of an electoral system in determining the outcome of an election. How does the single-member district with plurality affect Canada’s party system? How would the use of proportional representation change the electoral performance of Canada’s political parties? Should Canadians change their electoral system for a more representative and proportional one?

An electoral system represents all customs, laws, procedures, and institutions used to elect representatives in a political system, political group, or another entity. The electoral system of any country is of prime importance for the outcome of elections. For example, in Canada, elections are conducted under the rule of federal...

Outline the process unleashed when Canada calls an election. If a federal election was called today, who do you think would win and why? What about a provincial election?

The Canadian electoral process looks the following way: each of 308 Canadian electoral ridings selects a Member of Parliament. Each party existing in Canada has the right to present one candidate for the House of Commons. After 308 candidates have been elected, the party that has won the majority of...

Identify and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the U.S. primary system as a means of nominating candidates to elective office. Do you believe the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? Why or why not?

Some countries, the US included, use a specific method for choosing candidates for elections – it is called primary elections, or plainly the primary. This method is used to allow voters in a certain jurisdiction to choose candidates for the further general election. The primary system has greatly influenced the...

Define a ‘constitution’. What relationship does the constitution have with other laws in society – those that are legislated, implemented, and adjudicated? To what extent can a constitution be considered a ‘flexible’ or ‘rigid’ document?

The notion ‘constitution’ has several meanings, one of which derives from the ancient, general understanding thereof, and another one means the narrow, modern understanding. Starting from ancient times, the constitution was a cultural phenomenon and meant a general form of government, rule, and code of conduct governing the lives of...

Discuss the doctrine of limited government. What provisions in Canada’s Constitution limit the powers of government against individual citizens? Are these limitations meaningful?

The doctrine of limited government rests on the assumptions about the corrupt and evil nature of the human being in general, and the theories of Locke and Jean-Jacque Rousseau about the limitations that should be posted on the government by a constitution, a set of laws, and the social contract...

List and discuss the rights and freedoms Canadians enjoy. What protections are missing in our Constitution, and how could these omissions affect you as an individual? What additional rights would make the ideal constitution?

The Canadian Constitution lists the rights and freedoms protected under its provisions; the fundamental rights of Canadians (freedom of religion, expression, and association) are included in the list. Democratic rights (the right to vote, to run a political office), mobility rights, and legal rights are also protected under the Constitution....

Is the federal principle incorporated in the Constitution Act, 1867, destined to undergo major amendment by Canadians in the future? What areas are likely to be most controversial?

As it has been proven by long-standing conflicts and discrepancies between the federal government and provincial government spheres of influence, the federal principle incorporated by the Canadian Constitution Act, 1867, does not survive any criticism in the modern period of time. As it comes from the thorough analysis of the...

What is the difference in the roles of political parties in democratic and non-democratic states? Identify and discuss the various functions of political parties with particular reference to how they recruit political leaders, socialize the masses, and aggregate political interests in society.

Generally, the functions of political parties are being agents of political learning, interest articulation, and aggregation. The first function is exercised through the political communication tools, political socialization, and communication of the party’s goals, the true situation in the country and the pitfalls of opposing parties, and the ways this...

Do you believe televised debates between and among leadership candidates sway election outcomes in Canada and the United States? Which group of voters is most likely to be persuaded by debates? Are you a voter who observes debates before deciding which party leader to support?

It is hard to state whether televised debates are of any impact on voter opinion because the procedures of debates vary greatly across countries and across time. For example, the Canadian example also showed the 2004 dirty techniques in debates that only diminished the voters’ opinions about all parties and...

Which stage of the policy progress is the most important and why?

Although it is difficult to identify the most critical stage of policy progress, implementation is probably the one that has many variables at work. Other steps involve a select number of people, but the implementation stage covers those who impose the policy, and they might not do it properly, and...

Consider the following events that have taken place over the past year: Last December, North Korea said it was preparing a choice of “Christmas” gifts for President Donald Trump, in the country’s latest effort to pressure the U.S. to offer more concessions in nuclear talks before the new year. Trump is back to calling Kim Jong Un “Rocket Man” while Kim Jung Un now refers to the American President as “Dotard”.

The described events are an example of unresolved tension between two counties, which may result in an armed conflict with dire consequences. Both states possess a nuclear weapon, posing a danger not only to each other but to the rest of the world. While the U.S. actions not to lift...

If you are invited to be a participant in a local meeting of selected leaders to help guide the President Biden administration on either or both of the education and law enforcement topics what would you want them to know about a more just direction for the United States of America? It would be appropriate to use a renewed civil rights agenda for the next four years to be more race focused for justice and not as race neutral as today’s administrations policies.

The role of political leaders is to promote the formulation of policies that resonate with the demands of their people. President-elect Joe Biden needs to consider evidence-based strategies to address the gaps in education and law enforcement. As a participant in the intended meetings to advise Biden, I am planning...