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What, in your view, is the most important type of security threat or category of security threats that has been largely overlooked by conventional scholarship? How would conventional scholars like David Baldwin respond to the demand that this type of threat is incorporated into future security studies?

The main security threat that, for a long time, was unnoticed is a disease. The emergence of traditional directions for security studies took place in the twentieth century. Two global wars, and the Cold War, during which the nuclear arms race took place, shifted attention to military power. States were...

What two types of security threats or categories of security threats pose the greatest danger to the United Arab Emirates today? On what basis do you claim that these particular threats deserve the most attention from policy-makers?

Every state faces security threats, and the United Arab Emirates is not an exception. The state is located in an unstable region where the possibility of terrorism is high. Cyber threats, which can also be used for terrorist purposes, are also extremely relevant in the modern world. Considering the pandemic...

Of all of the types of security threats or categories of security threats that exist in the contemporary world, which one might we expect to generate the highest level of mutual cooperation among states? What is it about that particular threat that is likely to promote substantial inter-state cooperation?

Considering that the focus of security has shifted from the state and their military strength to people and their values, the way policies regulate it has also changed. Drawing attention to a specific problem is possible through proof of its threat to human security. Simultaneously, the search for solutions to...

What is Government?

Government stands for how society organizes itself and distributes authority and power to achieve common goals and benefits. Thus, governments seek to develop the state’s economy and improve the nation’s security and population’s lives. The United States has a democratic government, meaning society’s organization that ensures citizens’ rule and equality....

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a system of federalism?

The advantage of federalism is that it inhibits the growth of tyranny by limiting the formation of a single-interest majority. The mandate given to the state government allows the state to approve laws that affect the ordinary citizen by considering the public interests. Furthermore, federalism provides for the division of...

What are the consequences of the Anti-Federalist view for the role administrators play in the public budgeting process? How do these consequences compare with those of the Federalists?

The Anti-Federalists did not favor a strong central government due to their association of this entity with the British tyranny. Therefore, they preferred the government to be weak and not centralized as opposed to the Federalists. The individuals who favored this approach also were against the administrators in the public...

To what extent do you believe there should be greater public involvement in your local government budgeting process? Why? How would you propose to accomplish greater involvement? To what extent would this compromise the efficiency and closure of the process?

In my opinion, government officials should actively encourage the public to participate in the budgeting process because this contributes to greater transparency and a better allocation of the scares resources. One way to achieve this is by conducting outreach surveys that are designed to get an assessment of the public’s...

We know the Federalists won but did the Anti-Federalists have the predication correct that the national government would become very large and diminish the role and power of the states significantly beyond what the Federalists had argued?

The argument posed by the anti-federalist is justified because they supported the centralized system and the bill of rights, unlike their counterparts who supported a decentralized government system and the constitution. The federalists thought that the constitution was sufficient without the bill of rights. However, this system strengthened the mandate...

What are the advantages and disadvantages of having so many levels of subnational governments in the United States? Explain. Do term limits seem to have more advantages or disadvantages?

In the United States, sub-national governments work to take care of the citizen’s needs at a home-grown level, especially in consideration of the issues affecting them locally. The government has a number of levels that have got varied rules as well for its citizens to follow. The subnational régime is...

Explain the type of government that the U.S. has. Is it a pure form or is it a hybrid of sorts?

The governmental type of the United States can be described as a representative democracy. Firstly, “democracy” stands for the organization, where people have the power to make political decisions. Secondly, “representative” means that citizens do not rule directly but through elected and trusted people. In representative types of governments, there...

Describe the main ways Americans can influence and become engaged in government.

By engagement in government, citizens can improve their lives and achieve desirable aims. To begin with, USA citizens can participate in politics by being aware of current events and debates; for instance, by reading reliable news and internet sites. Then, people can engage in government through the elections. By this,...

What is the best grand strategy for the USA to achieve national security now?

To maintain the sovereignty of the United States and its leading position in the market, a variety of actions need to be undertaken. In particular, strong leadership capable of both protecting the country from internal and external threats is necessary, in the form of a president and his aides. Additionally,...

Today, a predominant number of African Americans align themselves with the Democratic Party or classify themselves as Independents. Why do you believe that is the case? What can the Republican Party do to attract more black voters and to keep African American voters?

The history of African American voters’ relationships with the Democratic and Republican parties was complicated and sometimes contradictory. Nevertheless, since the second half of the twentieth century, the blacks began explicitly to express their support for the Democratic Party. This is because, in the mid to late 1960s, this party...

Over last decade, Arkansas went from being, arguably, the most Democratic state to the one of the most Republican-dominated in the U.S. Explain how such a change took place among the state’s electorate.

Arkansas has traditionally been a Democratic state, with substantial support provided to this party. However, starting in 2010, a radical change was observed as local people began to alter their preferences and support Republicans. There are several factors explaining this change and shift of priorities. First of all, Arkansas is...

According to Levendusky, why has there been an increasing relationship between partisan identification and ideology? Do you agree or disagree with his arguments, and why? Do you think an increasingly partisan sorted electorate is good or bad for democracy and why?

Levendusky argues that the increased polarization of the political elite has influenced the relationship between partisan identification and ideological commitments. Partisanship between the elites influences the voter to adopt similar ideologies to those of their favorite party, which can affect how candidates relate to the voter. I agree with Levendusky...

What are the different types of political knowledge that Delli Carpini and Keeter look at? Do you agree with the authors that these are important sources of information that the public should hold about politics? How do they assess how much political knowledge the public holds for each type? What are their main findings?

The different type of political knowledge includes party knowledge, constitution knowledge, politician’s knowledge, and civic knowledge. I agree that this information is essential to every citizen because it assists citizens in evaluating how the political class is performing. The study used a survey design to collect data on how much...

What is misinformation? How pervasive is misinformation among the U.S. public? That is, how many people have been exposed to misinformation? What contributes to the spread of misinformation? Is there any way to correct misinformation?

Misinformation is information that is false but has not been created to inflict harm. Misinformation is pervasive among the American public, especially during electioneering periods. Survey reports demonstrate that few Americans understand why major decisions such as the Iraq invasion were taken. The media has facilitated the spread of misinformation...

Why is rhetoric relevant in politics?

The significance of the rhetorical conception of politics is to persuade the followers to adopt particular affiliations or attitudes. Various forms of rhetoric were evident in Obama and Trump’s administrations. For instance, President Obama utilized the amplification and epithet ‘Yes We Can’ in his campaigns to persuade the masses of...

How has leadership evolved, and how is it intricately linked to rhetoric?

Leadership has evolved to be a platform for rhetorical persuasion instead of restoring moral responsibilities in society. Political leaders tend to influence their subjects to their lines of thought or party affiliations, ranging from highly rational to irrational arguments.

Discuss brief evolution of political lingo.

For over two decades, there was a heave in the populist rhetoric on the political scenes globally. One of the similar dimensions of Trump and Obama’s leadership styles was rhetoric. According to Feste, Trump’s rhetoric was about 89 percent, while Obama’s was 69 percent. For both the presidents, that is,...

Describe the different models of democracy presented in Clawson and Oxley. What is the role of the public in these models? What is assumed of the public in each? Which model of democracy do you think is best given how much the public lives up to these expectations (be sure to draw from other readings to support your argument)?

The different models of democracy discussed in the book include participatory democracy, elitist democracy, and pluralist democracy. Participatory democracy is the model where the citizens are allowed to be active in making policy decisions. This model ensures that people are involved in passing essential regulations. In this arrangement, politicians represent...

What do Trump and Obama pursue: the U.S. Presidency or the power to persuade?

Trump and Obama used a similar presidential rhetorical tact because American citizens from across the political divide yearned for a robust leader who would address the nations’ challenges and overcome Washington’s paralysis. Politics in America were polarized, and most of the citizens were either democrats or republicans towards the end...

Discuss rhetoric as the art of proof and persuasion in politics.

When the fury and disbelief overrun and the common language is insufficient to create trust and words no longer unite us but rather divide us. Luckily, the current generation is enlightened and believes in discovering the truth, particularly rhetoric, which is used by politicians to convince their supporters to vote...

Discuss the new language of public speech and communication in the United States.

The United States’ political system is a democratic design with the personal qualities of the top leader impacting political outcomes. According to Prasch, the constitutional provision for power separation and autonomy in President’s power has enabled the country’s leadership to place a personal stamp on the national policies since its...

Compare populist leaders across the world.

President Trump’s significant personality-based limits included the constant urge to be impulsive in his actions without appreciating policy impacts. He also demonstrated an inability to grasp complicated situations, an inclination to be bored by routine, and a tendency to substitute competence with political loyalty in his appointments. According to Singh,...

Discuss the Convergence Theory, how is this theory essential in keeping monopolies, like Monsanto from controlling government? How is Democratic- Socialism different than the Convergence Theory? What counties are doing well with this government? The textbook states, Capitalism supports self-interest and inequality is expected? How does this fit in with the opposing US values of material success vs. philanthropy? Where do you fit in this continuum? What value do you think most clearly defines your goals in life?

The convergence theory is that as society industrializes, it tends to embrace a condition of uniformity regarding its norms and technological advancement. This implies that as society undergoes development phases, their differences reduce because they are chatting a similar development path. This theory keeps monopolies like Monsanto from controlling the...

What’s the difference between capitalism, socialism, and communism?

Capitalism, socialism, and communism differ in who owns and controls the means of production and economic resources in these economic systems. In capitalism, the means of production are totally owned and controlled by citizens. In communism, workers collectively and equally own the means of production and economic resources. Socialism is...

What is the most important way in which nuclear weapons have changed international politics?

The revolution of nuclear weapons has played a significant role in the insurgency of military affairs and has helped different states maintain stability. First, nuclear weapons have had greater strategic than operation implications. In this case, a high level of interdependence has developed among countries that possess these nuclear weapons....

Are all Americans equally able to become engaged in the government? What factors make it more possible for some people to become engaged than others? What could be done to change this?

Certainly, not every American can start participating actively in the life of their country. The law does not bind people from promoting themselves to the job of local authorities or even counselors, ministers, and other professionals related to the government. However, several factors might hinder a person from trying to...

What might be some of the Canadian policy positions of political parties in the recent past, present or upcoming federal election that seek to appeal to social liberals who are also economic conservatives?

Canadian politics are diverse and varied depending on the party one chooses to examine, and people choose those which align with their political beliefs most closely. While the liberal and conservative parties can be considered the official ruling and the opposing party, there are also other candidates and their own...

Can you identify a partial or significant unfunded mandate imposed on your local government by a state or federal program? Examine the mandate from all perspectives. Is it fair for the state or federal government to impose a requirement on a local need or condition with insufficient resources?

Regions assume a fundamental part in keeping Washington inhabitants free from all harm by saving general wellbeing and prosperity, ensuring public security, and shielding the common and criminal equity framework. Washington Seattle’s areas are focused on working with the Legislature. One illustration of the mischief done by unfunded mandates is...

If you were president and wanted to gather support for a new foreign policy initiative, which three U.S. foreign policy actors would you approach and why? What do you think is the most advantageous school of thought for the United States to follow in foreign policy in the future? Why?

If I were president and wanted to gather support for a new policy initiative, I would approach the following foreign policy actors: Congress, the Central Intelligence Agency, and economic interest groups. Congress’s support will give me more influential political power; the CIA is an essential institute in foreign policy, and...

What in your view is the most important policy issue facing the United States? Why is it important and which specific problems need to be solved?

The most important policy issue facing the United States is COVID-19. It is essential because COVID-19 is a multidimensional problem that influences economics, politics, manufacturing, etc., worldwide. Any global crisis addresses the United States as they are the global structure with connections and relations worldwide. However, specific problems should be...

Read Cooley & Nexon’s article “How hegemony ends.” What is the main argument put forth by the authors in discussing this global issue? What theoretical perspective and empirical evidence do the authors use to support their arguments? Are they successful in effectively demonstrating their points? Provide specific examples from the article to support your answer.

The main argument put forth by the two authors is that America’s decline has not started with Trump’s leadership but has been an ongoing situation. Indeed, America losing power has been a process of poor actions taken by leading teams. Although the decline of the US has been continuous since...

Read Cooley & Nexon’s article “How hegemony ends.” Identify the main actors in the international system that influence the issue. Provide specific examples from the article to support your answers. What level of analysis does the article use to explain the global issue? Explain and provide specific examples from the article.

The main actor in the lost international order is the United States, but alongside China and Russia as the opposition to international liberalism. The United States was the most powerful country, especially in the 1990s. Most countries looked up to it for political and social powers. Indeed, most countries had...

Read Cooley & Nexon’s article “How hegemony ends.” Considering the relevance of this issue today, what should be done in the future? What actors should respond and how? In your answer, address the impact on and response by individuals, states, and transnational actors (IGOs, NGOs, etc.).

The US system needs to be corrected before it is too late. The illiberal and autocratic powers are closing in a while, altering the international liberal orders. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is even worsening the situation because it caught America unaware. China and Russia are taking advantage of the situation...

How can you apply the Political Sciences course concepts to your everyday life?

I can apply course concepts to my everyday life by watching political news more carefully and monitoring the integral conjuncture in the world more adequately. As I am interested in it, I would be able to prepare for some situations better than others, such as economic crises or military conflicts....

Is it possible for a serious third party to emerge in the United States, positioned ideologically between the Democrats on the left and the Republicans on the right? Why or why not?

America’s democratic system allows individuals to support and vote for any political group in the country’s elections. Unfortunately, systematic barriers such as media biases, insufficient resources, and campaign financing challenges, electoral system requirements, and extremes in doctrinal divisions significantly reduce the possibility of a serious third political party’s emergence in...

Is the decline of democratic regimes around the world explained by the failure of liberal institutions and values? To what extent do you agree that liberal democracy will prevail over authoritarianism and autocracy in the 21st century?

The decline of democratic regimes is explained by the failure of liberalism due to the presence of corruption and disrespect for its values. Therefore, the neglect of these factors will not allow liberal democracy to prevail over authoritarianism and autocracy in the 21st century since these systems are likely to...

Given the democratic deficit and overall disagreements over the effectiveness of institutions, why do so many seem to argue in favor of institutions as the factor that can mitigate anarchy?

The reason why so many arguments in favor of institutions in the context of democratic deficit and accompanying disagreements over the effectiveness of institutions is in the conviction of democracies’ comparatively better results in mitigating anarchy. They are reported to have enhanced progress in corresponding regions. Therefore, this consideration does...

What is the main benefit of being a member of a regional organization or system like NAFTA/USMCA or the EU? Why have some nations recently questioned belonging to these regional organizations and even considered leaving? If you were president or prime minister of a nation in North America or Europe, would you want your nation fully integrated into either NAFTA/USMCA or the EU? Why or why not? Make sure to include details about the regional organization (NAFTA/USMCA or EU) you are discussing to support your answer.

There are a number of benefits to joining or being a part of a multinational organization. Such entities as the EU offer a variety offer great unities to their members, made possible by a variety of policies and initiatives. Firstly, travel is much easier for countries that are in agreement...

What factors determine whether people turn out to vote in U.S. elections? Should states continue to allow ballot initiatives and other forms of direct democracy? Why or why not?

One of the most important and determining factors of voter turnout is education since educated individuals are more likely to understand the importance of voter participation and individual power alongside rights. In addition, socioeconomic status and age can also be major factors affecting voter turnout. Lastly, the overall effectiveness of...

Regarding the reading for the topic War and Peace, write in response to the following question: Do you support or oppose the author’s arguments? Briefly summarize the author’s views and explain your position.

There are two main points discussed brought by David Von Drehle, the author of the article “World War, Cold War Won. Now, the Gray War.” Firstly, it is stated that while it is possible to directly compare Pearl Harbor and the 9/11 attack due to some shared characteristics, these cases...

Regarding the reading for the topic Democracy and Liberalism, write in response to the following question: Do you support or oppose the author’s arguments? Briefly summarize the author’s views and explain your position.

Bruce Russett, the author of “Grasping the Democratic Peace,” presents numerous points that are to be discussed throughout the work. Firstly, there is a complex idea that within the modern international system democracies rarely fight each other, as they believe that this should not happen, and they have other ways...

Briefly describe the major functioning of the UN. In what areas has the UN been successful in achieving its objectives? In what areas has it failed?

The primary function of the United Nations is to keep international security and prevent wars. It succeeded in making the world nuclear-free (in terms of the application of nuclear bombs in warfare). UN influenced some treaty negotiations like the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. However, an illustrative example of its failure can...

Discuss theories of war at each of the four levels of analysis with examples.

In fact, there are four main theories concerning the causes of war: realist view, idealist view, Marxist view, and feminist view of war. They can be discussed at the following levels of analysis: system-level causes (the distribution of power and anarchical nature of the system are considered to be causes...

Compare and contrast government actions and policies of the 1920s and 1930s. Which set of policies made the U.S. economically stronger and placed it in a better position around the world?

The political mindset of the United States in the 1920s was relaxed and laissez-faire compared to the following decade. In the 1930s, the Great Depression led to a more centralized government reaction to the economic turmoil in the country. Such a crisis played a pivotal role in the vicious circle...

Was there a connection between America becoming a world military and economic power and the growth in the power of the American government? Were there connections between Progressive politics and Imperialism, the rise of big government, and the rise in American interventionism?

The growth of the power of the American government was primarily caused by the need to deal with the preceding mistakes of each of the government policies and political mindset. It is fair to say that it is more about the interconnection of the past failures and presidents’ efforts to...

Discuss the rise and fall and rise of the positive belief in the role of government and social policy in twentieth-century America. How do you account for what appears to be dramatic reversals of public opinion?

The leadership of the federal government in the U.S. encountered critical instability throughout the twentieth century. In the early years of the century, the Progressive era eliminated the strictness of the free market economy and protected the most vulnerable part of society. FDR’s New Deal admission has deeply rooted in...

Explain election results and current political mood along with the effects of government spending, policies on health care research, government regulation and enforcement of health care industry laws, and the government’s role in addressing critical societal challenges and how this affects the VA Health System.

The VA health system faces dynamic controversies due to the different policies and opinions of the different administrations. An excellent example of political influence is the approach to the management of the institutions. During the Trump presidency, the Veteran Administration constituted of one secretary with at least five assistants. Apart...

Read closely the two primary sources: an excerpt from a speech by Joe McCarthy and one from Senator Margaret Chase Smith. Who is being targeted by McCarthy? Why do you think McCarthy targeted these individuals? What arguments are used by Smith to refute McCarthyism?

Joe McCarthy, the Republican senator, gave a memorable speech in Wheeling in 1950 that addressed the Cold War’s tendency of spying. McCarthy was convinced that communists in the State Department betrayed the United States’ concept of freedom. Senator claimed that “we find ourselves in a position of impotency because of...

What do you recall as a political challenge to liberalism?

There has been increasing criticism of liberalism, challenging this ideology. Any phenomenon that denies the universal equality of people can serve as a source of disputes about the liberal order. Alternative political views also hamper its principles: environmentalism, populism, neo-conservatism, and similar approaches. Postmodernism and extremism, which question the foundations...

Can authoritarian governments ever be seen as an expression of the will of the people?

Authoritarianism is one type of political regime in which power is concentrated in one person’s or group’s hands with the partial preservation of human freedoms. Its main characteristic is the lack of democracy, in which citizens freely and honestly determine the government in elections. Although formally, with authoritarianism, elections are...

Identify and discuss any three points on which the independence processes in Spanish and Portuguese Latin America are dissimilar or diverge.

Even though the independence processes in Spanish and Portuguese Latin America had many similar points, the mother countries were different, which caused a range of distinctions. The first discrepancy deals with the way independence were granted. The leaders of the countries had different relations with the population. Agustin de Iturbide...

Locate an article that covered the 2016 presidential election. Look for evidence in the article for priming, framing, and slant. Make sure to include in your assignment: Name of the article and its author. Is the article made by a public or private entity? Who is the author trying to reach (audience)? Are they playing more to one specific ideology and if so, what ideology is it? Looking at the article as a whole, and based on what you have found in your analysis, do you believe that this article is a credible source? Why?

The article “Donald Trump wins the 2016 election” was written by Tessa Berenson for TIME, a private entity. It is intended for a general audience, informing them of the outcome of the election and why it was unexpected. Overall, the article attempts to be neutral but still appears to have...

Which model of bureaucracy best explains the way the government currently operates? Why? In what ways might the patronage system be made more efficient?

A bureaucracy is a specific government that is established to accomplish a certain set of goals and objectives. In the United States, there are four general types of bureaucracy such as “cabinet departments, independent executive agencies, regulatory agencies, and government corporations.” Therefore, the United States has a combination of a...

What are the advantages and disadvantages of having so many levels of subnational governments in the United States? Explain. Do term limits seem to have more advantages or disadvantages? Defend your answer.

One of the fundamental principles that the United States tries to follow is being close to the population and letting them contribute to the government. Therefore, in this case, having many levels of subnational governments is an advantage because they give people an opportunity to be “closer” to authorities. One...

Prior to the November, 2000 presidential election George W. Bush had a comfortable lead in the polls. But on election day Bush ended up losing the popular vote by a small margin (although winning the electoral vote). Why do you think different polls got such a wide range of estimates of Bush’s lead in the polls, ranging from a 12% lead to a 4% lead?

It is a common practice to see many statistical organizations that either handle business-related matters or political matters trying to always present their cases of possible verdicts in current national affairs either for the purposes of predicting the opinions of the people on very sensitive issues or as a prediction...

Prior to the November, 2000 presidential election George W. Bush had a comfortable lead in the polls. But on election day Bush ended up losing the popular vote by a small margin (although winning the electoral vote). What sampling techniques would you use to get the most accurate estimate of which candidate would win on election day?

Politics being a very sensitive national issue, there is a need to exhibit high levels of accuracy in such opinions as the opinion poll. As a result, the polling companies should ensure that their results have a very low standard deviation and consequently as low a margin error as possible....

Choose five U.S. government policies that affect trade with foreign nations. Identify three factors of production, and describe how their mobility is good or bad for U.S. trade.

International trade policy is an integral part of every state’s financial policy, which involves influencing foreign trade through economic and administrative levers, such as taxes, subsidies, and restrictions on imports and exports. The United States currently has a number of trade arrangements with foreign countries. They help facilitate the exchange...

What is the crucial difference between balancing against power and balancing against threats? What would be a good (actual or hypothetical) example that illustrates the difference?

Balancing against power and balancing against threats are the two interconnected strategies of international relations. The balance of power implies that the similar strengths and capabilities of states reduce the risk of conflict. In this situation, the military, political, and economic powers are considered the most significant resources. This type...

At what point in the power transition process is a war most likely to break out? Why will war erupt there, and not at some other point in the process?

The power transition theory focuses on the nature of war and its relation to power. According to this conception, the likelihood of war increases in the condition of even distribution of capabilities between states. Consequently, peace can be guaranteed in case of a power imbalance. Organski emphasizes that the power...

Why representatives should be delegates instead of trustees?

A representative in the state legislature is an individual elected by citizens through casting votes. The public believes that the leader is their servant and should work hard to improve society’s situation. Other than being a politician, a leader requires statesmanship through showing integrity and willingness to serve others. However,...

Describe the instruments of national power and provide at least one example for each category.

Diplomacy  Diplomatic instruments are principles for coordinating with foreign states and groups to promote US interests, objectives, and values. The US utilizes diplomacy to organize alliances, allies, proxies, and surrogates to support US military functions. Geographic combatant commanders (GCCs) align military operations with diplomatic engagements in designated areas. The US...

Describe risk within the Ends-Ways-Means-Risk construct and approaches to risk reduction that a combatant commander could make if a given strategy approved at the national policy or strategic level was determined to entail excessive risk.

The End-Ways-Means-Risk Construct  The combatant commander has to use system theories to determine the Ends-Ways-Risks construct. Therefore, the systems model covers many grounds, and the officer can get lost in the networked links and nodes. A commander must comprehend the desired end-state, the strategies to achieve it, and the required...

Using the USEUCOM Theater Strategy, describe how EUCOM is accomplishing the first theater priority of “Deter Russian aggression”.

Russia supports common security objectives, such as counternarcotics and counterterrorism. However, it disregards the neighbors’ sovereign power in Europe and violates international agreements. The US national military focuses on deterring adversaries from interfering with its interests and allies. Russia is aggressive to NATO allies and European partners, and the actions...

What is the purpose of a Combatant Commanders Annual Posture Statement to Congress?

The Posture Statement informs Congress about the status of the Combatant Commanders. It focuses on transformation and the development of campaign qualities with expeditionary capacities. The Annual Statement is a non-secretive summary of the Combatant Commanders’ roles, missions, and accomplished programs. The overarching strategies of the Posture Statement are relevance,...

The September 11 terrorists, why did they do this?

The September 11 attacks were terrorist acts conceived and implemented by al-Qaeda as an expression of displeasure regarding the activities of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia and Israel’s support for the United States’ activities in the Middle East. Another reason was to express opposition to the sanctions and economic embargos...

With the election of Barack Obama as the 44th president of the United States, does this country still need affirmative action? Why or why not? What about gerrymandered districts to ensure that a minority gets elected?

The election of Barack Obama as President in 2008 marked the first time an African-American had been elected to the nation’s highest office.While many of his political opponents were inspired by the milestone, it also raised questions about affirmative action policies. These policies started in the late-1960’s and required employers...

Will the U.S. adhere to IFRS?

The United States will accept IFRS because of its well-built moral tradition and its long-standing intolerance for unethical conduct. Its economic and financial principles have been applied by other nations as a benchmark to assess their economic and accounting success until lately. The United States must lead in adhering to...

Explain the role of bureaucracy in capitalism.

According to Weber, capitalism is a system of production, which provides human needs through a rational enterprise that focuses on making profits. A rational enterprise is an establishment that measures its ability to generate income through calculations based on modern bookkeeping techniques. Bureaucracy promotes rationalized capitalism by facilitating the use...

Discuss how the government has stepped in with regulatory practices to “encourage” good ethical practices and prevent citizens from being abused or taken advantage of. Why is this necessary?

Since the second half of the 20th century, the government stepped up to encourage and even enforce ethical practices and prevent citizens from the effects of corporate fraud or immoral actions. One example of such a negative impact is financial – in the cases of Enron of WorldCom, misleading accounting...

Discuss the differences in the functions of political parties and pressure groups. Give Canadian examples of the various types of pressure groups discussed in the text. How effective are they in Canada’s parliamentary system of government? Why are many democratic governments moving to register the groups that pressure them?

Pressure groups are very crucial in advancing the true spirit of democracy in any given country. Although their functions overlap those of political parties in a number of ways, they are uniquely different from the former. To begin with, pressure groups will often mobilize people towards deliberating on important debates...

What is an electoral system? Discuss the role of an electoral system in determining the outcome of an election. How does the single-member district with plurality affect Canada’s party system? How would the use of proportional representation change the electoral performance of Canada’s political parties? Should Canadians change their electoral system for a more representative and proportional one?

An electoral system refers to a systematic and structured method through which all the votes which have been cast during an election are subjected to the process of counting, analyzing, and eventually announcing the outcome. For an electoral system to work, there must be an electoral body that is specifically...

How important is it for the civil liberty freedom of information to enable public access to all that the government knows and does about terrorism and terrorism investigation?

Human rights organizations have been vocal in the fight against inhumane acts on any suspects that are not proven guilty in a court of law. The information got from investigations of the government requires to be kept secretively until it is verified. Giving such information to the public may cause...

Discuss the checks and balances the president, Congress, and the judiciary have on the bureaucracy. Which techniques are used most often, which are the most effective, and why?

Separation of powers is one of the most vital principles that do undergird the American government system. This describes the parceling out of functions of government, authority and power to different institutions that possess relative independence in the federal system. This will help to prevent any institution from being controlled...

Do you believe televised debates between and among leadership candidates sway election outcomes in Canada and the United States? Which group of voters is most likely to be persuaded by debates? Are you a voter who observes debates before deciding which party leader to support?

The use of television in election campaigns has been very instrumental in persuading voters to vote either way since the era of U.S President J.F. Kennedy. In fact, televised campaigns were later found to be the most powerful tool for not only reaching potential voters but also influencing their opinions...