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What is your opinion of the effectiveness of Telepresence technology in improving communication for distributed knowledge worker teams? Describe an example from your workplace where this technology might be effective.

In this era or age of globalization, the need to collaborate and communicate among virtual teams has become a major concern. R&D and sales, corporate operations, and marketing team, once found in the same place, state, or city, may now be found in different places, states, or cities. It’s for...

Choose and discuss a large-scale international change that occurred in the past few years. What occurred regarding the change?

One fairly recent international change is the view of the environment, climate change, and carbon footprint. The need to protect the environment has influenced fuel acquisition, automobile manufacturing, and packaging, to name a few. One recent concern is migration and displacement. Natural events such as tsunamis and hurricanes are causing...

Elaborate on the reason why we chose cultural diversity.

There are varied reasons that promoted the choice for cultural diversity and a racially diverse workforce. Evidently, globalized organizations have to establish, nurture, and tolerate cultural diversity to progress in their endeavors. It is considered that people differ in varied aspects. This incorporates culture, sex, religion, and sexual course, among...

Explore the impacts of a racially diverse workforce.

A racially diverse workforce has varied impacts both on the concerned individuals and the organization at large. Firstly, diversity promotes the aspects of creativity and innovation in the workforce. People from varied races have different ways of handling matters and emerging solutions. When these diversities converge together, it is possible...

Define the personal impacts of a racially diverse workforce and give an example.

A racially diverse workforce can front varying impacts on personal grounds. It is difficult to cope up in a racially and culturally diverse workforce due to massive disparities that define the phenomenon. A racially diverse organization can revolutionize its service provision aspects and how it treats its respective clients. Another...

What is the purpose and mission of a Project Management Office?

A project management office is a department within an institution with the aim of maintaining the standards that are directly related to project management in a specified organization. The mission of the project management office is to set standards and provide new economies that are vital in the process of...

What are the main challenges and obstacles in implementing a Project Management Office?

The main challenges of implementing a PMO in a university are the lack of interactions between operations among multiple tools used for project management. Diversified information technology management systems, as well as their time tracking systems, cause an enormous problem in the identification of the real cost incurred, the efforts...

How much PM is enough? How much PMO support is enough PMO support?

A clear, accountable, and responsible group of individuals should lead the project management offices. For instance, several companies rely on the project management offices to be responsible for most management of the projects. They might also rely on the office for the execution of the project. Other organizations require the...

Describe the culture of your present organization. Has it changed much over the past few years? Do you anticipate future changes?

Every workplace has a particular culture that is unique to that organization. The current culture for medical device manufacturing can be one of stress and contention. Conflicts can arise easily, causing deeper problems for the structure of the work environment while affecting employee relationships. The tension among employees has increased...

Describe the advantages of outsourcing food services to a management contractor.

There are numerous advantages to this quest. Firstly, an organization will be certain of the quality and prompt delivery of catering services if the service is outsourced to a management contractor. Another reason is the reputation gained and the relationships built during the deal. Businesses want to relate with reputable...

Explain the responsibilities of Shell Petroleum Company and strategies employed to meet them.

The environment of an organization depicts how much it cares for it. This is achieved through procedures that reduce the environmental impact and develop mechanisms that will enhance the protection of the environment. It is achieved through partnering with other stakeholders while carrying out environmental investment through responsible utilization of...

Evaluate the extent to which Shell Petroleum Company achieves the objectives of three stakeholders.

The management of any organization should consider equally the interest of all shareholders by involving them in the decision-making process. This would benefit the organization because the stakeholders will contribute immensely towards organizational growth. Proper communication to all will enhance their contribution and motivation to the aspirations of the society....

What are the challenges Sunil Bharti Mittal may face from his foreign partners?

Mittal’s foreign partners present a set of challenges to his company in the form of setting high prices for equipment sold or services rendered. There have been times that Bharti-Airtel has been forced to withdraw from certain contracts with their foreign partners. This withdrawal ends up being an expensive affair...

Distinguish between ‘personnel management’ and ‘human resource management’ and discuss the historical development and changing context in which they operate.

Personnel management was traditionally viewed as a responsibility of mainly recruiting and paying company employees. Their role was limited to the employees of the organisation and was hence denied other managerial responsibilities. They could not fully participate in other company activities rather than dealing with that which concerned employees. However,...

Assess the role, tasks and activities of the human resource practitioner.

Human resource practitioners are endowed with the responsibility of looking into the affairs of company employees and subsequently discussing with the top management on motivational measures. Human resource practitioners are required to keenly observe employees and identify their abilities and inabilities. They are the ones to suggest to the top...

Critically evaluate the employer on the methods of performance management. What would you recommend to your organization for a performance management strategy? What challenges will the organization face in implementing your performance management plan?

Poodle international is an environmental conservation organization that employs over 350 employees. The organization deals with the replanting of trees in the deforested areas and encouraging the locals to revert to the traditional methods of preserving the forests. The performance management leaves a lot to be expected. The recruitment methods...

What are the ethical issues and factors affecting performance decisions?

These factors and ethical issues arise due to improper or in-exhaustive definitions of the job and the differences in the outlook of what is valued most in the organization. Ethical dilemmas include face-to-face dilemmas due to human contact, corporate ethics on hiring and firing, and all that happens in between,...

Discuss how technology and environment might influence the structure of an organization. Support your answer with identifying at least two leading authors and stating their main individual contribution.

The structure of the organization is level and type of vertical, horizontal segregation, ways of coordinating and controlling, formulation, and centralization of power. According to Joan Woodward, knowing an organization’s core system of production one can be able to tell the structure. The units of production like mass production sell...

“Classical management theory has no value today.” Discuss why you agree or disagree with this statement. Support your answer with examples.

The Classical theory has continuously become popular today accompanied by several modifications. However, the following several criticisms have made it have no value today as discussed below: Overreliance on experience The ideas that developed the theory were based on the experiences positions held like managers limited to some organizations. For...

Critically distinguish between the major frames of reference on organizational conflict. Discuss Thomas’s five conflict resolution approaches.

Kenneth Thomas identified four approaches to dealing with conflict and they differ in their level of assertiveness: People escape the whole conflict by delegating contentious decisions by allowing default decisions and not intending to hurt one’s feelings. This style is called avoiding and is relevant when victory is unachievable. People...

How to build the management-research question hierarchy for Ramada?

What brought about the management concern? The Mid-tier hotels were concerned with the deteriorating trend in customer service. This was evident from the high number of respondents giving feedback on the customer service at the hotels at a 7 or lesser range. What is the management to do to eliminate...

Consider a project manager with a team of 15 to 20 people: a mixture of analysts, designers, programmers, and support staff. The project also uses some specialist staff on a part-time basis. How could the project manager influence the working environment of such a team so as to get the best out of them?

The project manager always has a role to play in influencing the work environment of the team in order to get the best out of them. In the case of a team of 15-20 members of different backgrounds, the manager would really need to establish open communication. The manager should...

The Delphi technique aims to achieve a consensus estimate from the efforts of a number of estimators. How is this achieved, and what is the advantage of the Delphi technique over, for example, a round-table discussion?

In the Delphi method, several estimators are given the specifications of the same task and are asked to come up with estimates. The results of their estimates are summarized anonymously, and the summaries are circulated amongst the estimators. They can then revise their estimates in light of the new information....

Ideally, the requirement for an IS project would be specified in some detail before planning begins. If the requirement is not detailed enough, what steps can the project manager take to improve the likelihood of the project’s success?

If the detailed requirements of the IS are not available, the project manager should start by using his experience, if any, or just common sense and think things through. He should consult with other people and take opinions from several people. When the requirements are not very detailed, the project...

How the emergency situation will impact the current resources?

The emergency situation may cause an essential shortage of resources, as these resources may be required for the elimination of the consequences of the disaster, and the evaluation processes may be neglected. In the light of this statement, it should be emphasized that the shortage of the main resources may...

What is the nature of performance management and its main components?

This is a systematic managerial process that enables organizational managers to effectively engage their employees in productive and efficient techniques. The whole process is therefore aimed at ensuring that the employees efficiently contribute to the realization of the organizational mission and objectives. The main idea here is that the managers...

Why would need to monitor and record the use of resources in an emergency situation?

The necessity to monitor the use of resources is closely associated with the necessity to use reliable and checked information, as the use of unreliable resources is risky and may cause the violation of the entire system of data management and emergency management principles. The importance of monitoring the resources...

Conflict and stress arise naturally in IS project teams. Some people argue that a little of both is helpful, but everyone agrees that too much is destructive. How could you organize your project team to minimize the destructive effect of conflict and stress?

Conflict and stress arise no matter what the project manager does, however, the project manager should always try to keep them under control and below the dangerous level. And the process starts with the team-building process; the team needs to have the right people in the first place in order...

How to apply the research process model to the Ramada research initiative?

Ramada’s research initiative entailed studying proprietary to establish the Personal BestTM program. The research initiative adopted diverse study models. Ramada explored the processes to generate information regarding developing a superior customer service program. The process of gathering evidence was based on an earlier assessment of customer satisfaction within the hotel...

In the context of Ramada Franchise Systems, how are the research findings reflected in the ultimate management decisions?

The research findings were quickly illustrated in the management decisions. The management established ways of engaging and involving the workforce in their training. Workforce motivation strategies implemented by the management also developed ways of providing more awards on numerous occasions. In addition, Ramada subscribed for D. K. Shifflet’s syndicated exploration...

Discuss giving feedback on performance, the do’s and don’ts and how the strategic and cultural norms play a role in this process.

The cycle approach to management is where the structures put in place are respected and used for reporting performance, managing and controlling alignment, and improvement of performance. The firm should also strive to align itself by aligning its departments, planning with strategy and resources with their maximum utilization. These ensure...

There are many innovative methods for performance management. Compare and contrast at least two methods. Discuss the reliability and validity of the method.

Management by objectives is done through defining the goals and targets through discussions guided by precision, assessability, reasonable levels of attaining the objectives, practicability, and time limits. This is best used when the people are performance orientated, outcomes can be quantified, and performance management activity is formal. Competency-based assessment tests...

Why is intuition still an important aspect of decision-making?

Intuition-based decision-making is still a very important aspect of management policies as its core is the outcome of some condition-based approach that relies on experience as well as expertise. As the reality behind the success of DSS is that of the quality of evidence base that has got its relevance...

Despite the advances in Automated Decision Making methods and tools, why should we still insist that a human being still be responsible for every decision? How does our society react to machines making decisions?

Automated Decision-Making methods and tools have their role more of support that provides suggestions based on statistical analysis. It has got no authority over subtle nuances of emotion and ethics. Theoretical studies suggest that the formal approach to decision making is to look for the details which might yield a...

Briefly discuss the evolution of strategic management thought.

Strategic management was developed during the 1950s by Philip Selznick, Igor Ansoff, and Peter Drucker. During this period of time, strategic planning was through a wave of popularity not too different from traditional management. There has been enough time since the introduction of strategic management concepts to observe the results...

Tell of the reasons of management success at BMW.

Management success at BMW is greatly rooted and attributed to the uniqueness that the world market leaders in luxurious automobile manufacturing and marketing continues to exhibit. In fact, much of the celebrated success at BMW is perhaps drawn from the purely entrepreneurial culture that is seldom among organizations in Germany....

What benefits does diversity bring to an organization?

Workforce diversity is an encouragement of creative ideas and understanding, and ultimately the measure of “outside the box” through the process would develop. A diverse workforce always possesses the ability to bring out ideas, effective or ineffective, but it would reflect the active mind behind the day-to-day work schedule. A...

How can the diversity challenges be met in an organization?

Over the last decade, numerous authors have sought to describe the key competencies required by MNCs and their managers to be successful. However, the general competencies required of managers, including flexibility, resourcefulness, and the ability to articulate a vision for the organization, irrespective of managerial or operational domain. Whilst these...

Describe the leader structure at BMW.

At BMW, every associate or rather employee is a leader. The company has in fact maintained a flat organizational structure where both the managers and the employees work hand in hand to achieve common organizational goals i.e. making automobile models which autonomously rule the global automobile markets. Ideally, the autocratic...

Describe the organizational analysis of British Telecom.

Telecommunication companies are being faced by a challenge of continuous developments in information technology. The organizational culture is created automatically when people come together because they combine energies, attitudes and thoughts. Culture is powerful and is woven by those in the group through their thinking. The company’s culture determines the...

If you were challenged to defend the return that Community Internship Program had at United Parcel Service, how would you evaluate the program in order to demonstrate it is beneficial to the manager and to the organization using Kirkpatrick’s model or another model of evaluation?

Kirkpatrick’s model is based on four levels of evaluation for a program; the reaction of student, learning, behavior, and results. As for the reaction of the managers, it is sufficient to cite one of the participants of the program who claimed that it helped it to “become a better person...

What attributes of organizational creativity are fostered at BMW?

BMW’s model line is always under extensive development and improvement. The models are modified regularly to meet the changing demands of customers. To support this, organizational creativity is fostered at all levels. Every employee is expected to work together towards creativity and innovation towards new ideas or problem-solving. BMW has...

How would you describe the culture at BMW?

The culture at BMW is unlike any other corporate culture in Germany. The company has an entrepreneurial culture backed by the empowerment of people through collective decision making, few hierarchical barriers, free flow of information, collaboration at all levels and constant encouragement towards value creation through change and innovation. Thus,...

What model of leadership is illustrated at BMW? How does this impact BMW’s culture?

The model of leadership adopted by BMW is the team style. Evidently, the company is highly concerned with both qualities of production and employee satisfaction and motivation. BMW’s success can be safely linked to its culture. Informal and formal networks and teams are formed to brainstorm solutions to problems or...

How did Meg Whitman use her leadership skills to transform the company from an online auction house into a general-purpose shopping destination company?

Meg Whitman intended to change the organization from a mere auction site to a general-purpose internet-shopping destination as Wal-Mart in brick and mortar business model. To bring about the change in the organization, Whitman has constantly stuck to the original business model of not owning any inventory to keep the...

What do vendors seem to know about implementing ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems?

ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is used to improve the performance of an organization by reengineering the present business activities. Therefore, proper implementation of ERP is important in an organization. Like any other complex information technology, ERP systems can be deployed in different ways. For the success of an ERP system,...

How does Meg Whitman’s leadership reflect transaction leadership?

A transactional leader is one who aims at guiding and motivating followers through the process of clarifying roles and the requirements of their tasks. In other words, transactional leadership is “rational, based on principles of exchange and expectation: you do this for me, and in turn, if satisfied, I will...

How does Meg Whitman’s leadership reflect authentic leadership?

An authentic leader is one who modifies their behavior in accordance with the situation such that they can effectively respond to the need of their followers. Authentic leaders demonstrate four main characters: Understand and respond to the core of the organization; Must know who he/she is and how this self-knowledge...

How does Meg Whitman’s leadership reflect transformational leadership?

A transformational leader helps followers transcend their interests and is capable of having a deep effect on followers. Therefore, a transformational leader “creates a shift in the way people think, see, and connect to their environment.” Thus, this leadership style is mostly inside out to form of leadership wherein the...

How do the employees at eBay respond to Meg Whitman’s leadership style?

The employees at eBay are aware of the plan that Whitman has for the company – i.e., to become a complete retaining solution – and what is expected of them in the mission of the company. That is why the employees continuously inculcate a culture of business and openness. They...

Evaluate the ethical issues associated with downsizing an organization by reducing its labor force to increase the organization’s long-run chance of survival. What other ethical issues can you identify in the practice of organizational development, as you understand it thus far?

The ethical issues of downsizing the organization are mainly concerned with employees, as the decision affects the rights of others. Other issues include the justification for downsizing and the moral obligations of the employer. Other ethical issues related to organizational development might be related to the area of technology innovation...

What characteristics of jobs can’t be enriched? Do you believe that management should ever consider any job to be incapable of enrichment?

Jobs’ enrichment cannot always be successful, where not all the characteristics of the job can be enriched. Generally, the characteristics revolve around the personal qualities and attributes of the employees, who do not need enriched jobs and accordingly resist them. In that regard, it should be acknowledged that some jobs...

Leader-member exchange theory suggests that subordinates who are part of the leader’s in-group will receive better treatment than out-group members. As a member of the out-group, what steps can you take to increase your chances of becoming an in-group member?

Becoming a member of the inner circle of a group implies being distinguished among the others. This, in turn, implies such actions as taking a larger part in tasks, demonstrating loyalty and support, taking the point of the leader, and adopting their qualities.

Compare the trait, behavioral, and situational approaches to leadership in terms of practical value to organizations seeking to identify and develop present and future leaders.

Comparing different approaches to leadership, the organization should consider the practical value of each approach in order to identify and develop a leader. In that regard, the following comparison can be made: Trait – specific traits and qualities are believed to be present in a leader. Behavioral – Different patterns...