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What are five skills that are often necessary for project managers? Explain.

Effective leadership skills: project managers should be good leaders who are capable of initiating tasks and projects. Critical thinkers: they should have the knowledge to take strategic planning through critical thinking to minimize failures once a project is initiated. Good time managers: they should be able to use time effectively,...

How can you describe the elements of organizational behavior?

There are four essential elements of organizational behavior. The first element is employees, as there are no organizations without a workforce. The second element is structure which refers to the positions of employees within the organization. For example, there are managers, administration, and general staff. They have to interconnect on...

What are the fundamental concepts of organizational behavior? Why are they important?

One of the key concepts is the level of analysis. In organizational behavior, there are three levelsof analysis: individual, group, and organizational level. On a personal level, organizational behavior studies people’s individual behavior in reaction to the company’s policies. On the group level, it explores the interaction of employees within...

What do we study in organizational behavior?

Organizational behavior is the discipline that studies how people conduct themselves in groups within the organization and how their behavior affects the organization’s performance. The studies of organizational behavior rely on the notion that happy and performance-oriented employees contribute to the company’s success. Organizational behavior combines the studies undertaken in...

What is the most crucial purpose of organizational behavior?

The primary purpose of organizational behavior is to understand why employees, customers, and managers behave the way they do. Based on this, managers can make decisions on how to enhance the company’s competitive advantage, promote innovations, and establish an organizational culture, creating a balance between administrative and personal needs. Organizational...

Why should students study organizational behavior?

The reason for this is that the notions covered in organizational behavior teach students to create an environment where people can be creative and motivated. Students learn to see how a company’s decisions affect employees’ personal lives, and that contented employees have more stakes in the organization’s prosperity. Based on...

What is a project? What is project management? What is a project driver?

A project is an assignment or activity that an individual or an organization needs to realize at a specific time. In other words, it describes a definite set of actions intended to achieve a particular goal. Project management consists of the important steps in a program that an individual or...

How does project management differ from general management?

The role of project management is temporary, whereas general management actions are long-lasting. Project management consists of a program or task with a definite time to finish an objective, whereas, in general management, it is not a must that tasks are completed within the specified time. In project management, assets...

List the four stages of the project life cycle (sometimes called the system development life cycle) and explain the tasks involved for each.

The four stages of the project life cycle include project initiation, project planning, project execution, and closeout. Project initiation is the phase where the project administrator and the team scrutinize the development of the system and the tasks. At the planning stage, the project manager initiates a proposal and adds...

In Organizational Behaviour, the core job characteristics are capable of affecting worker motivation, and it has been shown that scenarios with high levels of these characteristics often have more favorable outcomes. List the core job characteristics and explain each thoroughly and clearly with support (in an orderly fashion).

The core job characteristics are feedback, autonomy, task significance, task variety, and skill variety. Feedback is an integral part of a job and can come from two different sources such as external feedback and internal feedback. It is important to note that external feedback primarily comes from other colleagues, managers,...

Define and explain the concept known as “equity theory.” Also, use equity theory to explain the following scenario: A lawyer earns $200 000 per year but they may still be more dissatisfied with their job than a bus driver who earns $65 000.

Equity theory is a concept of motivation, which assumes that an employee’s motivation and job satisfaction are driven by fair and equal distribution of resources because workers tend to compare themselves with others who are working under similar conditions and in an equivalent environment with equal outputs and inputs. A...

Describe and explain the main goals of organizational behavior (OB). Apply these main goals to an organization that is experiencing a turnover problem and then explain how these OB goals can help organizations lower their turnover using support and strong rationale.

The primary goals of organizational behavior or OB are influencing, predicting, and explaining behavior. These measures are applied in all four main elements of OB, which are the external environment, technology, structure, and people. An organization experiencing a turnover problem has a poor talent retention rate, which means employees are...

List each of the “Big Five” personality dimensions. Of the “Big Five,” list the three that you feel are the most important to be a strong sales representative. Support your decision by providing adequate explanation and rationale for why you believe those three dimensions are most important.

The “Big Five” personality dimensions are neuroticism, conscientiousness, openness, agreeableness, and extraversion. The three most important traits for a sales representative are extraversion, openness, and conscientiousness. Extraversion is a critical aspect of sales because being able to initiate conversations and communicate with customers. It is important to note that extroverts...

According to Social identify theory, people will form their perceptions of themselves based on their own personal characteristics as well as their memberships in social categories. How is social identify theory helpful in aiding us with understanding discrimination and stereotypes? Also, what are the implications of this for managers?

Social identity theory explains people’s tendency to identify themselves with certain groups or social categories. Social identity theory contradicts traditional views of group relations because, according to it, in-group favoritism tends to arise even in the absence of strong leadership or interdependence of group members, their interaction, and cohesion. The...

Compare the motivation theories of Maslow and Alderfer and contrast these two theories and highlight any similarities or differences. Also, how would you advise a Canadian manager looking to apply these theories in their workplace, what specific advice or guidance would you give them?

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is comprised of five categories, which begin with physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, self-esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. Physiological needs refer to basic needs, such as food, shelter, and water, whereas safety needs include assets, employment, and assets. Social needs revolve around belonging, friendship, and...

Please define Corporate Governance in your own words.

Corporate Governance is a process in accordance with which a balance is established between economic and social goals, between individual and public interests. In a joint-stock company, such management should be based on the priority of its shareholders’ interests. It should also consider the implementation of property rights and generate...

Please define COSO in your own words.

It is a voluntary private organization designed to develop appropriate recommendations for corporate management on the most critical aspects of organizational management, business ethics, financial reporting, internal control, company risk management, and fraud prevention.

What are the 5 different ethical perspectives relevant to business?

Economic Ethics This is a set of legal norms contained in the sources of law (normative legal acts) and determining the procedure for carrying out entrepreneurial activity. Business entities should know the list of their rights and obligations, andnormative documents regulating their activities. This information base will be needed to...

For your journal assignment, you will choose an article (hard copy or digital, reliable, vetted sources only) pertaining to ethical issues regarding business and society or business and government and write about it.

The analyzed article is “Seattle-Area Women Among 5 Suing Amazon, Alleging Racial, Gender Discrimination” by Long. Summary One of the employees of an American company filed a lawsuit against Amazon, accusing the management of racial discrimination. According to Charlotte Newman, she is biased against black employees. As an example ofwrong...

For your journal assignment, you will choose an article (hard copy or digital, reliable, vetted sources only) pertaining to ethical issues regarding business and society or business and government and write about it.

The analyzed article is “US: Zoom Settles Privacy Lawsuit for $85 Million.” Summary An example of a recent violation of the ethical norms of a global company is the case of Zoom. The article states that the “lawsuit has alleged that Zoom breached users’ privacy by sharing their personal data...

What regulatory mechanisms govern the practice of collective bargaining in New Zealand?

The existence of a labor union in the workplace presupposes the unions’ and the employer’s right to initiate collective bargaining or the process of negotiation of working conditions between the parties with an intention to reach an agreement. As far as New Zealand’s employment is concerned, the process of collective...

What HRM challenges do you think non-stop ultra-long-haul flights pose for airlines?

The notion of human resource management is an extremely challenging endeavor in such a stressful context as commercial airlines, as both flight attendants, airport workers, and pilots deal with such issues as fatigue, stress, and health challenges of flying long distances. For this reason, once non-stop long-haul flights are initiated...

Define and discuss two interpersonal and two intrapersonal skills found in great leaders.

Interpersonal leadership skills are communication and empathy. Leaders with developed communication skills convey their messages clearly and motivate rather than force people to achieve organizational goals. Empathy helps leaders understand other people’s feelings, thus facilitating the establishment of trusting relationships. Intrapersonal skills are self-awareness and self-motivation. With self-awareness, leaders understand...

Identify and describe four things that can be done to create a high performing team.

Creating a high-performing team requires building trust, promoting effective communication, setting clear goals, and resolving conflicts. Trusting relationships make team members committed to a common goal. Effective communication involves listening to all team members’ voices and providing positive feedback. Clear goals maintain high productivity and define team members’ accountability for...

Briefly explain functional, divisional and matrix organizational structure. Write down two advantages and two disadvantages of these organisational structures.

In a functional structure, employees are divided into departments based on the similarity of their skills and performed tasks. Its advantages are employees’ specialization and operational clarity. Its disadvantages are poor inter-departmental communication and a lack of coordination. In the divisional structure, a business is organized geographically around particular markets...

Explain PERMA and how it contributes to employee well-being.

PERMA is a framework comprising five elements that foster employee well-being. Positive emotions promote employee well-being by reducing stress and increasing resilience. Engagement allows workers to demonstrate and develop their strengths. Trusting workplace relationships fosters the feeling of connectedness. Meaning enables employees to feel valued and contribute to a larger...

Explain how Human Resource Management drives organisational performance.

Organizational performance results from employees’ efforts, and HRM is responsible for selecting the right people and optimizing the work they perform. HRM identifies employees’ learning needs and develops training to ensure that the workforce can meet performance standards. HR managers also set KPIs and create a motivation and reward system...

Explain the 4 types of organisational cultures. Discuss which one of these is most often seen in large, bureaucratic organisations. Provide reasons why your selected culture is most often found in large organisations.

Clan culture focuses on mentorship and teamwork and treats employees as members of an extended family. The market culture emphasizes results and competition; its employees are driven by deadlines and targets. Adhocracy culture focuses on innovation and values individuality because it aims to offer cutting-edge products before anyone else. Hierarchy...

Provide a definition of emotional intelligence (EI), explain its five components and explain why EI is important to leadership.

EI is the ability to understand and manage one’s emotions and empathize with others. The five components of EI are social skills, empathy, motivation, self-regulation, and self-awareness. Self-awareness refers to recognizing one’s emotions and how they affect one’s actions. Self-regulation means expressing emotions appropriately, without insulting others or aggravating a...

Formulate at least 2 solutions for HR to ensure that management is utilizing the appraisal tool properly and effectively. Recommend incentives that would encourage management to be unbiased, transparent and accurate when appraising their workers.

The existence of an appraisal tool within an organization does not mean every employee will follow it. As noted, there are cases of exaggeration, misconstrued metrics, and shoddy reviews done by incompetent managers. A solution to ensure the appraisal tools deliver genuine reviews should be in place. There can be...

Surprisingly, a 2010 large-scale survey of 750 HR professionals conducted by New York-based consulting firm Sibson Consulting Inc. and WorldatWork, a professional association, found that, if anything, dissatisfaction with performance appraisal systems had gotten worse over the years. Critically discuss the implications the information above may have on those HR practices that rely on employee assessments and evaluations such as promotions and merit pay decisions. Explore the ramifications for the firm if the appraisal is inaccurate.

Evaluations of the performances of all employees of an organization should be fair, just, and considerate of the intended goals of the business. According to Musau et al. most organizational structures leave the departmental heads to handle these evaluations and reports for easy planning of further actions. The HR and...

Highlight the criteria Powley Publishing’s HR department must establish in the future when analyzing and designing jobs in order to assure their employees fulfil corporate goals. Create and integrate a detailed proposition on a new recruiting strategy in order to be successful. Discuss what technology this firm might utilize for the selection process.

Correcting errors in the past recruitment process must pick up after identification of all the issues ignored when doing so. Corrections of the mistakes bear consequences from financial costs, lawsuits, and psychological effects on the persons retrenched from their positions. Redesigning the goals and objectives to ensure all the employees...

How difficult is it to motivate your employees?

Employers are more concerned about their employees’ ability to perform. However, it is difficult to motivate workers because most managers do not know their staff’s ‘directions.’ There are two components of motivation which include direction and intensity. The direction component defines personal goals that employees want to achieve on individual...

Do managers need to design individualized motivation packages to get everyone motivated?

Managers need to design individualized motivation packages to get everyone motivated since the needs of employees differ. For example, the needs of a computer programmers will change in the course of their career development based on factors such as salary, role perceptions, and conditions of the working environment, among other...

How might an individual manage work-induced stress?

Managing stress becomes difficult depending on the circumstances that someone is going through. The brain is the key organ when it comes to work-induced stress because it tends to protect an individual by interpreting sensory information to ensure an individual’s survival. There are many ways in which organizations can assist...

What are the advantages and disadvantages of yield management?

Yield management is a strategy when an organization analyzes and predicts customer behavior to determine the best way to increase business profitability by minimizing the loss of perishable resources. The information needed may include financial statistics, competitor data, research and forecasts of consumer behavior, and other elements. Based on this...

How does the role of information in the rational model of decision-making differ from the role of information in the behavioral model?

It is assumed that managers follow a systematic, step-by-step procedure when applying the rational model of decision-making to their situations. In-depth analysis allows decision-making based on facts rather than emotions or societal pressure. Information may be restricted due to time or expense constraints and the manager’s ability to analyze information....

Why does it make sense to discuss several different models of decision-making?

Learning that decision-making may be donevia several methods enables you to choose the most appropriate strategy for each particular issue or decision that you encounter. Another advantage of being educated is that it allows decision-makers to understand better the potential and risks associatedwith various types of decision-making. The more you...

Organizations are cutting costs and making decisions to offer employees remote work. In this week’s discussion, your boss just informed you that you will work remotely starting Friday. Choose one area of concern for you and explain how you will maintain the relationship you identified with specific steps you will take to build the relationship.

In different circumstances, an organization can opt to have employees work remotely, but there might be challenges linked to this decision, such as loss of direct contact with people. For example, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, most organizations have adopted a remote working approach where employees fulfill job responsibilities while performing...

Through examples drawn from your research, explain how poor HR processes for job analysis, job design, HR planning, recruitment and selection can harm a firm’s objectives. Apply those factsto the firm Powley Publishing.

Human resource management deals with the issues affecting employees in an organization. They manage workers to accomplish the comprehensive achievement of company objectives. Conventionally, a firm’s goals are to realize maximum productivity while reducing costs, increase the market command within their niche, and expand to new branches. Top management of...

Give an example of a real-life situation in which the lessons of THE GOAL can be applied. Essentially, be a Jonah. You are the wise consultant brought in to fix or improve the company, and you are tasked with helping them to improve their metrics, their processes, their quality, their supply chain, their bottlenecks, or just about anything that would help to bring them closer to their goal of making money.

The lessons from “The Goal” can be applied in many real-life situations. Modern technology has become one of the major aspects impacting the performance of businesses. Hence, people are encouraged to become more innovative and implement technological approaches in their organizations. However,some companies have failed to introduce these changes, leading...

How does the Shell Oman company manage innovation in an international context?

Finding solutions to sustainable development challenges and corporate principles is a unique method for the Shell brand’s evolution. The company is successfully pursuing this objective by developing unique scenarios for the development of clean energy systems. Being one of the first corporations that create and implement new technologies, Shell Oman...

Quality has been defined as “customer satisfaction and loyalty”. Quality may also be defined as “conformance to specification”. Consider these four situations for a product. Conforms to specifications, is competitive on fitness for use.Conforms to specifications; is not competitive on fitness for use.Does not conform to specifications; is competitive on fitness for use.Does not conform to specifications; is not competitive on fitness for use. Which two of these four situations are theoretically not plausible, but in practice do occur? Can you cite any examples for all four situations?

Competitiveness is an index that allows one to evaluate the product by certain aspects. The main factor is the ability of a specific product to meet the target audience’s needs and the level of its capacity compared to competitors. In other words, one may characterize competitiveness as the potential to...

Based on your experience how identifying cause and effects would help the overall quality of a system, process, production? Do you think is it possible to identify all causes and their effects for a problem?

Determining cause and effect is an essential process in any system or production. One should do such analysis before solving the problem’s solution, since without identifying the problem’s reason, it may appear again. Therefore, such an assay is necessary to improve the overall quality of a process, system, or product....

How can analytics be used for HR decisions? Does your company support HR via analytics? Or, are there any examples of companies in the Tampa area that support HR via analytics?

Analytics is a valuable tool for managing any organizational activity. Contributing to collecting and analyzing productive indicators of the company, analytics can determine the possible growth paths and find the optimal correlation between the demand and supply for particular goods or services. The analytics can not only help to define...

How can analytics be used in real-time? Are there any examples of real-time analytics in the Tampa area?

Real-time analytics is a computerized technological process that tracks the necessary for the company’s development information. Thus, real-time analytics can optimize the supply chains and determine customer needs, life values, and purchasing behavior. The unique program collects and analyzes data creating particular events’ occurrence probability rates, contributing to profitability improvement....

How is analytics used for dynamic pricing? What are its advantages & disadvantages? Does your company set prices dynamically? Or, are there any examples of companies in the Tampa area that set prices dynamically?

As far as the dynamic prices strategy is oriented on the market analysis, analytics is required to provide the customers and market insides to control the prices rationally. Analytical technologies can be used to process the vast volume of data presenting it in a laconic form for the managers to...

You have been hired as an I/O professional as a consultant for Company A. The current training specialists at Company A suggest they do not have the time or the support for conducting training evaluation. What arguments can be made to those skeptical of the need for training evaluation?

Training evaluation is fundamental, noticing increases or decreases in the efficiency of training programs. It is often disregarded as an afterthought, often with the evaluation being poorly planned, through the wrong approach, or treated as not necessary to the learning process. However, there are a number of vital advantages that...

Based on your experience how does quality contribute to construction industry?

In the construction industry, quality is the most important factor. Besides the fact that good quality saves future costs by minimizing the possibility of problems arising, it also affects the health and lives of stakeholders. Today, quality control in this area is quite strict. It contributed to the rise of...

In the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) one of the steps is to assign 1-10 ranking to identify the severity of the failure, probability of occurrence for the failure and ability to detect the failure. A challenge related to this step is everyone may assign different rankings to a failure, resulting in difference in overall failure ranking. What can we do to minimize or eliminate this challenge?

FMEA, or Failure Modes and Effects Analysis, is a method of analyzing a system to identify the types of probable failures. In addition, it shows its causes and consequences and the effect on the functioning (the whole system or its components). The term “system” describes the hardware, software (with their...

In your own words, define leadership, including what it means to lead others and to lead yourself. Include at least one example of the successful leadership of others that you have observed, either in your own life, within your local community, or throughout the world. Describe what self-leadership looks like in your daily life.

I believe that leadership can be defined as a dynamic process that focuses on empowering other people to accomplish particular goals through influence. In order to lead others, one must be capable of motivating them using relevant skills and knowledge, ensuring that the individuals are following a viable path towards...

Explain how your self-leadership is a reflection of your individuality and how your behaviors have been influenced by society, your environment, and your experiences.

Individuality plays an important role in the success of self-leadership approaches. Given that self-leadership manifests as the process of influencing oneself, it is highly dependent on the personal characteristics of the individual. As a person who requires consistent motivation and goal-setting, I can be more productive when there is a...

Analyze how well you manage your performance on activities, including how you track progress and prioritize your time. Provide specific examples.

Managing my activity performance has not been a challenging task for me, as I can successfully follow necessary evaluation patterns, keep records of my progress, and remain aware of my productivity. My self-observation and self-goal setting scores are especially high, reaching 14 points each. Such scores typically demonstrate that necessary...

Analyze your current use of positive and negative cueing strategies in your own self-leadership. Provide specific examples, including an assessment of how effective you are in this area.

Currently, I am effective in using positive cueing strategies that improve my goal setting and attainment. Positive cues are highly important for reminding the individual of the pertinent tasks and promoting their motivation. Personally, I utilize desktop screen savers, motivational notes and stickers on my corkboard, and reminders to follow...

Explain how you will apply self-leadership to your academic studies, including specific examples such as the Technology Backup Plan Worksheet and the Time Management Worksheet in your response.

In order to apply self-leadership to my academic studies, I will follow the step-by-step approach, which prioritizes my learning activities and efficiently integrates them into my current schedule. After completing the map of my time, I have noticed that some of the time designated for resting and entertainment could be...

Analyze your current goal-setting behaviors, including how often you set goals, whether they are goals you are able to achieve, and how successful you generally feel in meeting your goals.

My current goal-setting strategies appear to be highly efficient, scoring 14 points on the Self-Leadership Questionnaire. Considering that it is easier for me to achieve necessary performance levels when short-term objectives are set, I often adjust and renew my targets to adhere to my present long-term goal. At the end...

Classify your level of readiness in the area of personal leadership. Include your Total Score on the Self-Leadership Questionnaire, as well as any areas identified in your completion of the other activities.

I believe that my personal leadership readiness is highly promising, with the Total Score of 65 on the Self-Leadership Questionnaire (79 points with self-punishment included), as well as 14 points scored on self-observation, self-goal-setting, and self-punishment. Almost excellent scores in these areas suggest that the individual’s self-leadership qualities are of...

Explain what a SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-Frame) goal is and how goal setting is a key component of your development as a leader (of self and others).

A Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-framed (SMART) goal is a prominent tool in the development of personal goals. This instrument was designed to improve an individual’s focus on specific achievements, measuring their characteristics and ensuring attainability. In this regard, leading oneself and others requires the person to efficiently utilize this...

What are the two most interesting benefits that you learned about e-Recruiting?

E-Recruitment is an essential process of modern human resources management that is experiencing revolutionary transformations. Okolie and Irabor mentioned that E-recruitment completely changed the way different businesses approach the recruitment process. It allowed reprioritizing of needs and opportunities in the talent development and employee organization. New opportunities provided an ultimate...

What are some of the important organizational issues and technology considerations relating to e-Selection?

Although E-recruitment is a perfect option to identify the best candidate for free positions, some organizational structure and technological advancement issues could appear. Phillpott states that E-recruitment and E-selection processes have several disadvantages, including the variation in cost, informal representation of the company, a significant number of unfavorable applicants, and...

What are the potential unintended or dysfunctional consequences of e-Recruiting and e-Selection?

The increased popularity of E-recruitment services brings some unintended consequences that ultimately impact the job market. Johnson and Stone offer the view that introducing this system leads to the trend of “quantity over quality” related to applicants. Research indicated that the system selects individuals with relatively unfavorable backgrounds for the...

Why is service so critical in the hospitality and tourism industries?

It is important to note that role of service in hospitality and tourism should not be underestimated since these industries do not directly sell physical or digital products but rather provide some form of experience. Therefore, it is critical to put the emphasis and accentuation of service quality as a...

Think of a company you’ve worked for, or student group or club to which you currently or previously belonged. If your selected organization or group has an organizational chart outlining the division of labor for the club, use the concepts you learned in this lesson to describe the club’s organizational structure. If the organization or group does not have an organization chart, create one and describe how the club allocates responsibility.

I used to be a member of a club, which used a team-based structure to work toward the set objectives and aims. The club’s structure was of a horizontal type with an emphasis on a decentralized category. In other words, there was no hierarchy in the student club, and almost...

Is it possible to be a great leader of employees in a highly mechanistic organization? What special talents or abilities might be required?

It is important to note that highly mechanistic organizations are structurally tall, centralized, and hierarchal, which is the opposite of flat organic organizations. It is possible to be a great leader of employees in a highly mechanistic organization through integrated, related, and separated leadership styles based on the maturity index...

Which is more important for an organization: the ability to be efficient or the ability to adapt to its environment? What does this say about how an organization’s structure should be set up?

Highly tall, hierarchal, and centralized organizations tend to be more efficient but less flexible, whereas flat, decentralized, and organic organizations are more adaptable to changes. The prioritization of efficiency over adaptability is a matter of organizational size, goals, and resources. Since organizations are under the effect of economies of scale,...

What are the cultural origins and ethical implications of organizational deviance discussed in Morrill’s article “Culture and organization theory?”

Organizational deviance is defined as the desecrations of formal strategy goals and regularizing expectations and will lead to a substandard outcome. This description themes deviance in an organization as a part of social routine order, according to Morril. Within this wide variety of conduct, there are other multiple aspects such...

Describe if or how the Practical, Robust and Sustainability model supports your leadership style & organization’s culture. Provide examples and evidence about why.

The PRISM supports the leadership style and organization’s culture in the ministry of health and prevention in the UAE in different ways. According to Koornnee, the ministry is solely responsible for formulating and implementing policies. It also cooperates with other state departments and private sectors dealing with health issues to...

As you are aware, Xerox sells print and digital document products and services in more than 160 countries and with 130,00 employees. How would you propose that the company uses the job characteristic model and its five dimensions to improve outcomes?

The five dimensions of the job characteristic model represent the key characteristics of a job: skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback. These indicators aid in measuring the most important and frequent areas of the work process. The model is typically utilized by the managers to study how...

List ways in which you could increase the justice perceptions of procedural, interactional, and distributive justices to ensure company-wide motivation.

Procedural justice refers to the degree to which fairness is utilized during the decision-making process. I could increase it by increasing the levels of transparency during negotiations and important decision-making instances in general. Interactional justice refers to fairness in the distribution of dignity and respect regardless of the position in...

You have, over your career, successfully used the five theories (Two “Needs-Based” and Three “Process-Based” theories) of motivation in various circumstances. Which of these theories or a selection of these theories would you adopt for Xerox? Why? How will you implement it?

Out of the five motivation theories I have studied, for Xerox, I would adopt a needs-based Maslow Hierarchy theory. It would allow me to ensure the employees are committed to staying in the company as they receive the fulfillment of some of the higher layers of the pyramid. I believe...

You have learned that there are eight key factors that contribute to job satisfaction and organizational commitment. How will you approach these? What will be the effect on organizational citizenship behaviors?

The eight key factors that contribute to job satisfaction and organizational commitment include personality, person-environment fit, job characteristics, psychological contract, organizational justice, work relationships, stress, and work-life balance. All of these factors are united by the shared personal component that puts an employee’s psychology at the center. I would approach...

What are the challenges of managing Xerox – a global workplace with diverse demographics and diversity? How would you propose addressing them?

Due to the scale of operations and the diversity of demands characteristic of various markets, global company management is a continuous challenge. The main difficulties associated revolve around the cultural differences within the team and customer base. As a global firm, Xerox’s operations include multiple diverse demographics, both within and...

Liquidity management is a key objective of financial firms as well as corporations. As a newly appointed CFO of a major bank you are concerned with the factors or forces that make you bank prone to liquidity management issues. What are some of these forces? What would be some guidelines that you may want to set up to address the liquidity issues?

Knowing how to manage the liquidity of a firm is crucial to the survival of a company. An institution should be able to generate enough cash to meet all its obligations. Company liquidity can easily be affected when there is a reduced or dragged cash inflow. However, an increase in...

Pick an instance of organizational deviance took place in the past five years and use cultural approach to analyze this organizational deviance.

As technology has unlocked new space for cyberculture, new forms of organizational deviance have appeared. Some people use technology as a means of differing from traditional cultural standards. For instance, in the United States, workers in offices are encouraged to continue being productive and efficient. However, workers often misuse internet...

Some people believe that it is against their religion to hire workers who are gay or trans. Do you see this ruling as undermining the religious liberty of employers?

LGBTQ community is related to the freedom of expression of sexual orientation. It means that people belonging to this movement do not need to conceal their preferences. However, LGBTQ followers are generally considered to have an “untraditional” orientation. In fact, traditional orientation was given by religion a long time ago....

Cisco launched Integrated Workforce Experience in 2010. It is a social business platform designed to facilitate internal and external collaboration and decentralize decision-making. Critically discuss the key role of technology on leveraging knowledge and human capital. Explain how technology can enable sophisticated forms of communication to be used for knowledge sharing within an organization.

There are many ways in which technology allows companies to leverage knowledge and human capital, which are some of the most valuable assets of any modern enterprise. First, technology makes the process of sharing information easier and more resource-efficient. Second, it can enable the codification of knowledge, its replication, and...

Lou Gerstner, the former CEO of IBM, has strong views on why successful companies often fail. He goes on to comment that “enduring companies we see are not really companies that have lasted for 100 years. They’veThey’ve changed 25 times or four times over the 100 years.” His prescription for this is for strong leaders to inoculate their firms against complacency and continuously push their firms forward. He adds that leadership that really counts is the leadership that keeps a company changing in an incremental, continuous fashion. You are requested to think of an organization leader that you know (or read about). Critically discuss whether or not this leader was effective and was able to bring about a significant organizational change. Explain the reasons behind this leader’s success (or failure).

The CEO who truly understands the concept of change is Tim Cook of Apple. Despite the loss of the company’s main spokesperson and representative (Jobs), human rights scandals, the U.S.-China trade war, and the rise of environmental concerns, Cook has increased Apple’s success, making it the first company to reach...

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a company having healthcare insurance for their workers. Is this cost effective when we see a worker missing work for weeks at a time? What are the legal implications if one is not allowed to take as much time as they need to recuperate?

The size of the organization is affected by the affordable care packages. Large businesses with more than fifty full-time employees are obligated to provide insurance cover to their employees. These firms are also required to provide occasional reporting on the state of healthcare insurance of their employees; failure to do...

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a company having healthcare insurance for their workers. Is this cost effective when we see a worker missing work for weeks at a time? What are the legal implications if one is not allowed to take as much time as they need to recuperate?

A job description is a well-formulated statement outlining the expectations of the management of an individual. The employee is expected to adhere to these requirements to enhance the goal attainment by the organization. In its turn, the organization is liable for providing a healthcare insurance policy for its employees whenever...

Address different types of financial risk and discuss the implications for decision making in health care organizations. What is risk? What is financial risk as it relates to required return? What are stand-alone, corporate, and market risks? What is the relevance of risk measures in the financial decision-making process?

It is important to note that risk is a possibility or probability of an undesirable occurrence, which can result in harm or losses. Financial risks are the subcategory of risks that are related to finances, such as the risk of default or financial loss. It is stated that “this type...