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What are some advantages and disadvantages of top-down versus bottom-up investing?

Top-down investing strategy tends to analyze the whole industry and account for macroeconomic factors before adding assets to a portfolio. Bottom-up investors, on the other hand, analyze the fundamentals as well as the financials of stock before comparing it to other companies in the same industry. The advantage of a...

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the following forms of managerial compensation in terms of mitigating agency problems, that is, potential conflicts of interest between management and shareholders. a. A fixed salary. b. Stock in the firm that must be held for five (5) years. c. A salary linked to the firm’s profits.

a. A fixed salary allows the manager to focus on long-term and safe company operations. However, it does not offer any incentives for maximizing the value of the company. b. Company stock as a form of compensation helps align the manager’s interest with the interests of shareholders. However, this option...

Suppose housing prices across the world double. a. Is society any richer for the change? b. Are homeowners wealthier? c. Can you reconcile your answers to (a) and (b)? Is anyone worse off as a result of the change?

a. No, the increase in prices does not add to the productive capacity of the economy. b. Yes, their assets cost more than they did before. c. The future homeowners would have trouble acquiring their homes and paying off mortgage liabilities. The housing bubble could potentially cause a crisis later...

Firms raise capital from investors by issuing shares in the primary markets. Does this imply that corporate financial managers can ignore trading of previously issued shares in the secondary market?

The managers cannot ignore the secondary market, as the presence of the company on the secondary market makes the company more attractive to investors. The investors are given the option of selling the stock at the secondary market, should it turn to be unprofitable or should they need their money...

What path do you think the Black River used to take?

The observations of these rivers suggest that, in the past, the Black River used to follow a path different from the current one. In particular, the Black River used to cross the area known as Deep Hollow and empty its water in the Cornwallis River.

According to the Chinese Literature Today article, Lu Xun’s “Diary of a Madman’ is considered the “first modern Chinese vernacular story,” and the short story has been celebrated as vital “in the turbulent and transformative period of the early twentieth century.” Using “Diary of a Mad Man” and “The Man of La Mancha” as examples, discuss why the short story is an especially important genre for modern Chinese literature.

“Diary of a Madman” is often considered the most influential short story of Chinese vernacular. It provided a passionate critique of the traditional way of life in an accessible form and through creative metaphors. The short story format is perhaps the best way of communicating such ideas because it allows...

In China, the New Culture Movement (the 1910s and 1920s) has been described as a revolt against Confucianism, as well as a look toward global and Western influences, such as democracy and science. How do Zhang Ailing and Chu T’ien-Hsin represent this disillusionment with Confucius? Give specific examples to support your points.

There are certain elements in “Sealed Off” and “Man of La Mancha” that can represent a disillusionment with Confucianism similar to the New Culture Movement of the early 1910s. Cosmic order is one of the most important aspects of Confucianism ideology. This can be understood as a general order in...

When is animal research ethical? a. Never, b. When steps are taken to ensure that the animal experiences minimal pain and suffering, c. When human lives can be saved as a result of the knowledge gained, d. When research is conducted at universities rather than by for-profit organizations. Please choose your answer and explain your choice as indicated by the directions by explaining your thoughts.

b. and c. The issues of research ethics remain extremely important for specialists related to different branches of science. The difference between appropriate and unethical approaches is rather obvious when it comes to dangerous experiments involving people’s participation. Still, the situation becomes more complicated when human participants are substituted by...

Which of the following techniques is used to identify the functions of a particular part of the brain? a. Autopsy, b. Computerized Tomography (CT), c. Evoked Potentials, d. Electrical Stimulation, e. Microdialysis. Please choose your answer and explain your choice as indicated by the directions by explaining your thoughts.

d. Electric stimulation of the human brain is known as one of the techniques used to study more about the brain and its parts. In particular, this technique helps to study the functions of the parts. Stimulating neural networks, the discussed technique can be applied to fulfill a great number...

Which of the following technologies tell us about the activity of the brain? a. CT and PET, b. CT and MRI, c. PET and fMRI, d. PET and MRI. Please choose your answer and explain your choice as indicated by the directions by explaining your thoughts.

c. There is a range of methods to study the human brain and define possible problems related to its functions. Among the four technologies included in possible answers, two methods allow studying the activity of the brain – PET (positron emission tomography) and fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging). As for...

I believe in a. Mind-body dualism—there is more to “mind” than just the physical self. b. Monism—the “mind” is what the brain does. c. I’m just not sure. Please choose your answer and explain your choice as indicated by the directions by explaining your thoughts.

b. Questions related to beliefs have always been the most difficult for me because I do not want to believe. I want to know something for sure. Choosing between the two concepts to explain the nature of the human mind (body-mind dualism and monism), I would like to choose the...

What was the most revelatory idea or piece of information that you encountered in the article, The Audition? Was the outcome of the story surprising or inevitable? Is there any experience in your own life that helps you relate to the events in the article? If you were the author of The Orchestral Dream is Dead, what advice would you give the percussionist whose story was chronicled in The Audition?

The article about the BSO audition was intriguing and predictable at the same time. The amount of practice that went into Tetreault’s preparation for the audition was astounding. Moreover, the working conditions of the Boston Symphony Orchestra were a revelation to me. However, the author of the article was apparent...

Take any set of pieces on the cover’s listening list and talk about the differences that you hear in the performances. Which do you like more? Why? Are the versions of the songs trying to express different things, and if so, how are they different? In which version does it feel that the performers are speaking more directly to you?

An interesting comparison can be made between two interpretations of the song “Crying in the Rain.” The original, performed by The Everly Brothers, sounds very different from a famous cover by A-ha. However, the text of the song discusses the topic of heartbreak, the original sounds rather upbeat. The cover’s...

Have you ever felt that an expressed idea of yours was “borrowed” by someone else, and you weren’t given the proper credit? Or conversely, that something you received credit for couldn’t have happened without the hard work of someone else? How did you deal with this situation, and what you think as you reflect back was the fairest way to resolve the issue? How does this question relate to the Led Zeppelin case?

While I possibly have some experience with giving away my ideas, I have never experienced the feeling of being so overwhelmed by it to confront the person who borrowed it. However, I know a person whose hard work was once appropriated by someone else. This person did not request to...

In thinking about Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs and the Yerkes-Dobson Law, how are they similar and different in concepts? How is the Yerkes-Dodson Law related to motivation? Please explain your answer and use real-world examples as applicable.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs demonstrates the most important psychological human needs. It consists of five levels, where the lowest level represents the primary need and the highest level – the least important need. Thus, these needs are represented in the following way (from bottom to top): physiological, safety, love and...

Discussing the advocacy and opposition for the proposition, Jane Austen was a feminist, which side makes the more compelling case? Why? How does each arguer’s use of information and reasoning influence your opinion of which side offered the more compelling case?

While analyzing the discussion of the statement that Jane Austen was a feminist, it is possible to state that opponents of this view provide more reasons to support their vision and make a compelling case. Thus, their arguments are based on a modern definition of the more acceptable term than...

Choose a topic with which you are familiar. Find three sources that provide authoritative opinion evidence on this topic. Explain why each source is credible in terms of the tests of opinion evidence.

While being interested in the topic of the media representation of police officers, it is possible to choose sources that can provide the authoritative opinion regarding this problem. The selected references are articles by Huey and Broll (2015), Rantatalo (2016), and Nix and Pickett (2017). From the point of opinion...

In the Kansas City preventive patrol experiment, one of the research questions is the following: Would citizen degree of satisfaction with police change as a result of differing patrol levels? a. Identify one independent variable from this research question. b. Indicate how this independent variable could be measured. c. Identify one dependent variable from this research question. d. Indicate how the dependent variable could be measured. e. Express the research question in a measurable hypothesis statement.

a. An independent variable from this research question is “levels of patrol.” b. The variable “levels of patrol” can be conceptualized as the amount of police patrol in the given area. It can be operationalized by using three different values:1 = reactive police patrols (the police enter the area only...

Identify the ‘top ten’ tourist generators and the ten leading tourism destinations in the world. This is available from the UNWTO website or their publications. Explain why the leading generators tend to be from developed Western economies. How is the pattern of destinations changing and why?

According to the UNWTO 2016 Tourism highlights, the top ten tourist destinations of 2015 were France, the USA, Spain, China, Italy, Turkey, Germany, United Kingdom, Mexico, and Russian Federation. The leading tourist generators, on the other hand, were the USA, China, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Thailand, Italy, Germany, Hong Kong...

Using table 1 Identify the significant variable that are useful in taking decisions to increase the tourists’ inflow. Predict the growth in receipts from tourists over time in 2020, 2021 and 2022. And when the world per capita gross national income rises to $10,000, inflation rate goes up to 5.3, gross saving percentage to GDP is 24.

Table 1 shows the historical data of the international tourism trend, world per capita Gross National Income, the inflation rate, and the gross saving to GDP. The relationship among these variables can be used to predict tourist increase. Correlation analysis shows the relationships among these variables. Table 2 shows the...

Using table 1 forecast the growth in international tourists.

Table 1 shows that historical trend starting from the year 1950 to 2010. Based on the historical data, it can be concluded that a direct correlation exists between the international tourism arrivals (Y) and the international tourism receipts (X). A linear regression model can be used to forecast the trend...

Which factors affect the demand and supply for tourism industry? Use PESTLE Analysis to indicate the most significant factors.

The demand and supply in the tourism industry are affected by a wide variety of factors, including political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental. For instance, the post-9/11 legislation influenced the immigration policies in many countries, making it harder for the tourists to enter, whereas the development of aircraft technologies...

Pick two companies that try to establish different kinds of social relationships with their names, taglines, social media posts, or other branding elements. Describe the difference using specific examples.

Both commercial and non-profit organizations aim to get more customers; however, the ways in which these companies build social relationships with their customers are very different. Whereas commercial companies emphasize what their product or service can do for the customer, non-profit companies focus on what their contributors can do for...

Give an example of the way phrasal structure can be used for rhetorical effect.

Inversion is one of the most popular rhetorical techniques focused on altering the phrasal structure to produce the desired effect. In an inversion, the word order in a phrase or sentence is altered, emphasizing certain parts of the sentence. For example, if the description of “a generous and kind person”...

Briefly describe the problem of bots and trolls in social media.

The term “trolls” refers to the particular members of online communities that mock, insult, harass, and abuse other members. Trolls can be found on most forums and social media platforms. They are usually anonymous, which makes them virtually unaccountable for their comments or posts. Trolls pose a serious threat to...

Give an example of a real company or product name that uses sound symbolism. Identify the relevant sounds and briefly explain how they relate to the meaning of the name and the brand the name supports.

Krispy Kreme donuts company uses double sound symbolism in its name to make it more appealing to the customers. First, a sequence of sounds “k,” “r,” “s,” and “p,” separated by “i,” creates a clear, somewhat crunchy sound. This reminds the audience of the crispy donut topping, such as icing,...

Give an example of a Gricean maxim being broken (flouted). The example can come from anywhere – movie dialog, a joke, a conversation with friends, etc. Or you can make it up. Tell which maxim is flouted and how.

Gricean Maxims provide foundations for effective conversation; however, in real-life dialogues, adhering to these maxims can be difficult. One example of a situation in which a Gricean Maxim is broken is a conversation with friends. Personally, I have a couple of friends who tend to provide too much supplementary information...

Give an example of a company name, tagline, or slogan that uses a metaphor. Explain what the metaphor is with a brief mapping, and provide two conventional expressions of English that use the same metaphor.

A good example of the use of metaphorical expressions in a company’s slogan is Tropicana’s “Your daily ray of sunshine,” used to promote its orange juice products. Here, “sunshine” is a metaphor used to create a pleasant feeling about the product and emphasize its necessity. People see sunshine as something...

Describe the differences between Medieval cultures in India, China and Japan.

In Hinduism, all local gods were acknowledged as manifestations of Brahma. People from other religions were considered representatives of special varnas and could not become Hinduists. Medieval Indian culture openly illustrated sexual relations between people in literature, art, and architecture. Sex was considered a spiritual act. Kamasutra shaped as teaching...

Discuss the differences between Romanesque and Gothic architecture.

Gothic architecture originated from Romanesque, developed in its own way in the attempt to make the churches brighter and connect them to heaven. Roman architecture is marked by spacious rooms, round forms, and small windows, making all interiors look darker even on sunny days. Round Roman arches built together to...

Contrast the mystical, scholastic and sacramental forms of Medieval Catholicism.

Mysticism claimed that the union with God was possible only through personal development and self-knowledge. Morality plays taught common people how to disregard material pleasures and turn from self-love to faith in God. Scholasticism tried to combine logical reasons and faith on the ground of the classical works by Aristotle...

How did Buddha’s teachings of the Eightfold Path represent a reform of Hinduism?

The major difference between Buddhism and Hinduism is the division of all people on varnas. Following the Eightfold Path, every Buddhist can enter nirvana due to his or her right conduct. Among Hinduists, only Brahmins, the representatives of higher varnas, can attain moksha with the blessing of the gods. Only...

Present your final topic and problem statement. Share a few of the resources (journals, databases, scholarly articles, etc.) you have vetted. Identify those you found useful and those you have dismissed and explain why. Describe what you have done so far for research (how many sources you have found that are keepers, and how many you have dismissed). Share how you are keeping everything organized and free from accidental plagiarism. Share your plans for completing and managing your remaining research and deadlines.

The main topic of the research is to discover a connection of the development of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle due to a high prevalence of this medical condition among diverse population groups. Based on this matter, the problem can be formulated as “Even though type 2 diabetes is a...

Go the website clinicaltrials.gov sponsored by the U.S. National Institutes of Health to gain a better understanding of clinical trials. Share something new you learned and your thoughts and/or experiences with clinical trials.

The website ClinicalTrials.gov sponsored by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, provides profound information about diverse clinical studies and trials. Nonetheless, this source discovers the topic from the perspective of clinical research, as it is one of the essential sources of evidence-based practice in the medical sphere. Before reviewing the...

Discuss how the awareness of individual learning styles, preferences and strategies influence teaching (those who are in a position to teach) and learning (those who are in a position to learn).

The acknowledgment of learning styles is important for achieving superior results both among teachers and learners. For the teachers, it offers a possibility to choose the methods and techniques of information delivery that would yield superior results. According to Devaraj and Raman, the selection of styles that corresponds to the...

List your preferred learning strategies. Compare your preferred learning strategies to the identified strategies for your preferred learning style.

Preferred Learning Strategies Discussions and critical evaluations of the information.Reorganization of ideas in a clear and concise written form.Reorganization of ideas using flowcharts, tables, and visual clues.Reciting the difficult passage and reading aloud for additional concentration.Discussion of the received information as well as its interpretation with peers.Visualizing the conversation with...

In your opinion, do the findings of Mayland et al.’s “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective” study presented in Tables 2 and 3 have implications for end-of-life care? Provide a rationale for your answer.

The main findings of the research demonstrate that the great difference between the hospice and the hospitals with LCP in the sphere of symptom control management was not discovered. However, there were great differences between the hospice and medical units with LCP. Moreover, the hospice turned out to be much...

In Mayland et al.’s “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective,” what are the post hoc results for care? Which results are statistically significant? What do the results mean?

The results of post-hoc tests performed in the course of the investigation turned out to be much higher at the hospice than at the hospital with LCP and the same medical unit but without LCP. The care was also significantly better at the hospital with LCP than the same in...

State the null hypothesis for care for the three study groups in Mayland et al.’s “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective.” Should the null hypothesis be accepted or rejected? Provide a rationale for your answer.

The null hypothesis states that care would be determined as the same across the three different study groups. At the same time, the null hypothesis should also be rejected as the F = 35.9 and the p = < 0.0001. The null hypothesis also assumes that no significant differences in...

ANOVA was used for analysis by Mayland et al. in the “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective” study. Would t-tests have also been appropriate? Provide a rationale for your answer.

During the course of the investigation, we had to compare and evaluate several groups that could provide us with the needed data. However, using t-tests, we could also compare the groups pairwise. Thus, it could increase the probability of Type I error because of the great number of similar analyses....

In Mayland et al.’s study “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective,” what variable on Table 3 has the result F = 10.6, p < 0.0001? What does the result mean?

If to accept the fact that the variable that is related to the symptom management has the result F = 10.6, p < .0001, the following assumption could be suggested. It is possible to state a great difference between the two groups, and there could be a difference between the...

In Mayland et al.’s study “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective,” what are the assumptions for the use of ANOVA?

There are several possible statements related to ANOVA. These are: First of all, the dependent variable is distributed between every category of the independent variable, and it is measured at the interval/ratio level. Second, all recordings, observations, and investigations are independent and objective. Third, there is homoscedasticity between the groups,...

In Mayland et al.’s study “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective,” what is the post hoc result for facilities for the hospital with LCP vs. the hospital without LCP? Is this result statistically significant? In your opinion, is this an expected finding?

Using the post-hoc analysis to investigate the issue, we could come to a certain conclusion. Thus, we can assume the p-value of the difference between hospitals` facilities with LCP and from those medical units that are characterized by the absence of is p = .85, and it is higher than...

In Mayland et al.’s study “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective,” what is the F value and p-value for spiritual need—patient? What do these results mean?

If to speak about this very case, F = 38.1, p < .0001. The given fact helps us to assume that there is a great difference between the groups under analysis. Altogether, the probability that the difference results from the chance alone is very low. Nevertheless, only a p-value could...

Mayland et al. do not provide the degrees of freedom (df) in their study “Assessing the quality of care for dying patients from the bereaved relatives’ perspective.” Use the degrees of freedom formulas to calculate the group df and the error df.

It becomes evident that the number of degrees of freedom is the same as the sample size but without the number of groups. k. N = 255, k = 3. Besides: df = 255 – 3 = 252.The error df could be processed using the formula k – 1. Thus,Error...

How would you describe the interaction between communication and culture?

Communication and culture are often unique concepts, but their influences on society often overlap. In most instances, cultural influences have dictated how media should permeate through different aspects of society. At the same time, it is important to point out that the media has also had a significant impact on...

Why Should We Study History?

We often live in the present and try to make the most of what is yet to come (future). However, history is a study of the past. Many people would often wonder, why study something that has already happened? In the context of our analysis, history has often been preoccupied...

What is the difference between the social science and critical approaches to culture?

The social science approach is different from the critical approach to culture because it mainly tries to describe and predict human behavior abstractly and horizontally. In other words, it adopts a general understanding of how people view their reality, with a key assumption being the belief that human behavior is...

Describe and analyze two reasons why people should learn Intercultural Communication.

Increased globalization has elevated the importance of intercultural communication because the world is increasingly “becoming smaller” as people from different cultures interact. Based on the assigned text, I find that intercultural communication helps people to wade through these cultural differences peacefully, innovatively, and creatively. This skill can easily be deemed...

a. Describe the potential benefits from winning a patent dispute; b. what challenges must be overcome to win; c. What factors will you consider when determining whether or not to pursue a patent dispute?

The potential benefits of winning a patent dispute may be significant. According to Schutz, the right to own particular goods or services can be proven in court, which confirms the possibility of a patent owner to use a certain product of intellectual property. Moreover, it is possible to receive monetary...

a. Do you feel NSWC Crane’s technology transfer program is an effective way to exploit patents? Why or why not? b. Provide suggestions to improve this relationship with Valparaiso University.

NSWC Crane’s technology transfer program is an effective way to exploit patents because promotion may be achieved despite Berman’s statement that patent exploiters “tend to be seen as those who impede progress.” The elements of intellectual property are inviolable for those who conduct fair competition, and appropriate mechanisms for assessing...

a. Discuss which generic strategy you will pursue? b. Why is this the right strategy to utilize for this specific IP? c. Discuss any limitations or potential failures from this strategy.

The strategies described by Michael Porter are effective mechanisms for achieving a competitive advantage, and Christensen et al. confirm this fact. I will pursue a differentiation technique, trying to seek new markets and constantly expanding the sphere of influence for recognition by different market participants. This strategy is correct from...

The core signals of change involve evaluating three customer groups: a. Non-consumers, b. Consumers who are undershot, c. Consumers who are overshot. Describe each of these customer groups in terms of your intellectual property (project). Who are the non-consumers? Who are the undershot consumers? Who are the overshot consumers? You should provide a specific analysis for each group.

Non-consumers are the category of the market which, as a rule, are limited in certain resources or opportunities. According to Christensen, Anthony, and Roth, the members of this group usually “hire someone to do the job for them.” The main reasons for the inability to act as full-fledged consumers are...

From S. K. William’s book “The Truth About Thriving in Change,” select three truths that you find the most impactful in your professional life/life experiences and write specifically why they are so important. To answer this question, you will need to be specific (identify the truth and its #), and the relevance is to a specific aspect of your professional life.

The first truth is as follows (truth 9): “run before you walk.” Its relevance lies in the fact that an active position described by the author is an integral component of successful work and recognition by both colleagues and management. The whole process of evaluation and implementation of any business...

What are the requirements for an invention to be patented? What are some limitations that apply to patents? Can your invention for your project be patented? Why or why not?

One of the primary requirements for licensed intellectual property products is uniqueness. In this regard, if a person is willing to register a certain invention or brand officially, he or she should make sure that there are no analogs of such a product. Otherwise, a number of restrictions arise. As...

What is intellectual property, and how can you leverage it? What specifically is NSWC Crane doing to leverage their IP with their technology transfer program?

Intellectual property is collecting personal non-property and exclusive property rights to certain information that can be represented on a material medium distributed in an unlimited number of copies. Schox argues that it “is an umbrella term for the legal rights that attach to inventions, confidential information, artistic expressions, and brands.”...

Choose a region of the globe that is facing issues of extremely, high resource exploitation, experiences high pollution, and is likely to be affected by global climate changes. Propose a plan to the UN that you feel will help this region recover from the woes that it is experiencing. Use as much scientific fact as you can to support your suppostions. Identify the resources in trouble, outline a plan on how to fix it, and as best as you can: describe how you would get people to comply, how much this project will cost, and how long you expect it to take to see results.

The environmental situation in Haiti is paradoxical. On the one hand, the country has a variety of natural resources. On the other hand, people have practically no access to these resources. Apart from the resource exploitation problem, Haiti also has serious environmental issues, pollution being the most severe of them....

Choose a geographic region of the world of interest and discuss the marine resources present, how they are of value, how they are used, and where their final destinations are (country of export).

Indonesia: Resources and Their Value For the successful development of their civilization, people rely on a variety of resources, many of which come from oceans and seas. There are four main types of marine resources: biological, physical, marine energy, and non-extractive ones. Biological resources are used for food, whereas other...

You are fishing in the Northern Atlantic Ocean. You decided you are going to fill a glass bottle with water that is destined to become NADW and leave a note inside. You drop the bottle into the sea and watch it sink. Trace the path of the bottle as it travels through the global conveyor belt (thermohaline circulation). Also, where might you see this bottle surface? How long might it take?

The movement of a bottle thrown into the sea would be dictated by thermohaline circulation or the global conveyor belt. The nickname of the deep circulation pattern appeared due to the resemblance with a belt that girdles the Earth. The thermohaline circulation incorporates different water temperatures and depths. As a...

It is the year 2044. You are now all accomplished physical oceanographers. The governments of the Caribbean nations hire you to advise them on ENSO events and the possibilities of Hurricanes. What would you tell them if you see the trade-winds die down or even possibly reverse? Will you have an ENSO event? Do you expect to see more or less Hurricanes?

If trade winds die down or reverse, there is a possibility of a hurricane and an ENSO event. Such a change can be explained by the nature of trade winds and their characteristics. Trade winds are the groups of dependable surface winds that appear between the sectors of rising and...

You want to sail from Liverpool, England to Buenos Ares, Argentina. You are going to prepare your ship with food, supplies, animals, and of course beer. What kind of ship will you choose, what kinds of supplies/animals do you bring, and how long do you anticipate your voyage taking?

The choice of a ship for crossing the Atlantic will be dictated by the weather in the areas to sail through as well as currents and atmospheric circulation. Taking into consideration the humid climate in the departure and arrival points, it is necessary to have a ship that will protect...

Disruptors are often viewed as coming from new entities. However, existing firms can also create the disruption on their own. Provide an example of an incumbent disrupting the industry they are currently operating in.

Some people think that innovation is associated with the activities of individuals or small companies. However, large corporations can also disrupt industries or themselves. Capital One is one of such large companies. This banking giant introduced its new subsidiary Capital One Labs that is involved in the process of innovation....

In his “Seeing what’s next” book, Christensen states that “bigger isn’t always better” when discussing disruptive firms. Why might this be the case?

The size of the company does not necessarily translate into its successful innovation. The funds necessary to produce and market the product in the right niche are sufficient to make disruptive companies successful. The central premise of competitiveness is the ability to innovate effectively and deliver products that will be...

Why is the management team important for a disruptive firm?

The development of an effective management team is key to companies’ success. People have different perspectives and values (decision-making), which enables teams to find the most viable strategies. Companies often have to seek funds and address investors. One of the common mistakes is addressing a well-known investor or a group...

A firm’s preparation regimen includes three areas. Discuss/explain each of these areas. In addition, explain how effective implementation provides an advantage for the incumbent firm.

A company’s preparation regimen includes its hiring decisions, the process of strategy-making, as well as the firm’s funding sources. The process of strategy-making should be characterized by the use of emerging strategies. Companies should try to predict the evolvement of a new market, but they cannot be completely confident in...

What is the principle of relativity?

When analyzing asymmetry and companies’ RPV, it is essential to take into account the concept of relativity, which consists of the different views on resources and opportunities. In simple terms, even if companies are similar, they can see their opportunities and available resources differently, which makes them act differently and...

How do asymmetries propel disruptive entrants? Provide an example of this occurring.

One of the illustrations of asymmetries’ propelling innovation is the emergence of air taxis. People are often frustrated to commute from large hubs to their destinations. Large airlines are unwilling to provide the services that could satisfy these needs. Air taxis are a popular alternative for many customers. These companies...

How do you assess a firm’s Resources-Processes-Values (RPV)?

When assessing a firm’s RPV, it is necessary to focus on resources, processes, and values, in order to evaluate resources, tangible (products, technology, equipment, etc.) and intangible (human capital, brands, and knowledge) resources should be analyzed. When evaluating processes, typical processes (human resources management, production, research, budgeting, and the like),...

Michael Porter outlined generic strategies for competitive advantage: low cost and differentiation. a. Explain/define low cost and differentiation. b. Provide an example of a different company that uses each and indicate if you feel they are using it effectively.

Companies try to innovate to gain a competitive advantage. Michael Porter described some generic strategies affecting competitive advantage. Two major strategies associated with innovation are differentiation and low cost. When entering new markets, companies often offer low-cost products to attract customers. However, this strategy is winning in the market where...

What is a displacing innovation?

Displacing innovation is quite common. It is closely linked to the concept of modularity. This type of innovation tends to target mainstream consumers. An example of displacing innovation is the introduction of the so-called Carterfone. Tom Carter invented a device that transmitted voice from this device that was placed near...

How did the telephone industry undershoot initial customers (late 1800s)? Explain how this phenomenon still exists or doesn’t exist in the mobile telephone industry?

The telephone industry of the 1800s was characterized by the operation of numerous companies, but the quality of telephone communication was limited due to technological issues. The emergence of AT&T, the giant that quite monopolized the market and created its own network, made telephone communication easy and affordable for mainstream...

In his book “Seeing what’s next,” Clayton M. Christensen describes two patterns of market disruptive innovations to attract non-customers. a. What are they? b. Provide an example of each of these occurring.

When trying to attract noncustomers, companies can use two patterns. First, it is possible to create a product or service that would enable people to do something they did in a simple and affordable way. The example of the telecommunications and telegraph mentioned above is the illustration of such innovation....

The core signals of change involves evaluating three customer groups: Non-consumers, Consumers who are undershot, Consumers who are overshot. Define each of the subgroups and provide an example (real of hypothetical) where a customer may fall into one of the designated categories.

In order to predict the way innovations will develop (or whether they will develop), it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of three types of customers who largely define the process of innovation flourishing. Noncustomers can be regarded as one of the central powers affecting the evolvement of innovations. These...

Write a brief summary of the discrimination case and how the events impacted the individuals and the work environment. Describe the key legal issues involved and explain how Title VII legislation applied. Discuss at least one strategy you would employ in an effort to mitigate this type of discrimination from occurring in your unit, department, or organization.

The suggested scenario occurred in 2016 at a local organization where I was volunteering. One of the employees (Sarah) complained of less pay compared to other colleagues holding a similar position (Mark and Susan). Two issues came out strongly in the case. The first was that Sarah was paid less...

Complete the media survey, “Survey on HR”. Write a description of your media survey experience, including your survey results and your reactions to the survey. Explain at least two perceptions that you held regarding the role of HR compared to the role of the nurse manager. Describe how these perceptions were similar to or different from the roles outlined in the Learning Resources. Without identifying individuals or organizations, support your response by briefly describing experiences that may have influenced your perceptions.

The media survey experience was very enlightening. I was able to confirm some of the things I learnt in class. The questions asked tried to identify the different roles of nurse managers and human resource specialists. Admittedly, many people confuse the role of the two in a health facility setting....

A 28-year-old male is admitted with bacterial endocarditis and needs a replacement of his prosthetic heart valve. After his first replacement, he continued to abuse intravenous drugs. The medical team feels it would be “futile” and a waste of medical resources to replace this heart valve yet again. Is the team’s judgment appropriate in this case? What if the team had an available research study about valve replacement? Would it be ethical to include this patient as a subject?

When healthcare costs are high, medical professionals are required to make decisions that maximize the efficiency of expenditures. This is especially prominent in the United States, where there is a significant focus on waste avoidance. Therefore, in some cases, healthcare professionals will refuse treatment to persons if the costs of...

How does consumer-driven care differ from the status quo? Does consumer-driven care complement or take away from patient rights? What ethical principle would you apply to consumer-driven care?

Consumer-driven care differs from the status quo in terms of patient rights and expenses. Firstly, it allows patients to have more control over the services they receive, the choice of health providers, and the costs of care. Secondly, it increases the individuals’ responsibility for their medical expenses, thus promoting cost...

“Bioethical Committees must cater to the wants and needs of the particular population they serve.” Defend or refute this statement by using examples from your reading and web exploration, as well as your thoughts, opinions, and feelings.

I defend the assertion that bioethical committees ought to cater to the wants and needs of a particular population because ethical values, principles, beliefs, norms, and practices vary from one community to another. In a pluralistic society, culture and religion are two factors that define ethics and ethical practices held...

Describe in detail what strategy P&G has been pursuing since the reorganization.

The challenges experienced in the global business environment forced P&G to reorganize its business model. The company had to shut down most of its plants and lay off some of its employees. The strategy was that of self-contained global business units. With this kind of model, each unit in different...

Identify and describe two major developments in the global economy in the 1990s that forced P&G to reconsider and change its strategy.

New economic changes experienced in the 1990s across the globe forced P&G to change its business strategy. The first major development occurring in the global economy during the period was that of duplication. In each national subsidiary, P&G’s business model was replicated by emerging corporations. This process made it easier...

Discuss two texts that portray America’s Jim Crow system of racial segregation. Using Benedict Anderson’s term “community,” write an essay discussing what the differences between these portrayals reveal about the nation as an “imagined political community.”

In the literary piece called “Of the Two Johns,” the author presents Jim Craw’s system of regulation through schools; Since African-American John strives to open a school to educate his community members, one may assume that he wants to make their lives better; He faces rejection and racial segregation in...