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What was the most revelatory idea or piece of information that you encountered in the article, The Audition? Was the outcome of the story surprising or inevitable? Is there any experience in your own life that helps you relate to the events in the article? If you were the author of The Orchestral Dream is Dead, what advice would you give the percussionist whose story was chronicled in The Audition?

The article about the BSO audition was intriguing and predictable at the same time. The amount of practice that went into Tetreault’s preparation for the audition was astounding. Moreover, the working conditions of the Boston Symphony Orchestra were a revelation to me. However, the author of the article was apparent...

Take any set of pieces on the cover’s listening list and talk about the differences that you hear in the performances. Which do you like more? Why? Are the versions of the songs trying to express different things, and if so, how are they different? In which version does it feel that the performers are speaking more directly to you?

An interesting comparison can be made between two interpretations of the song “Crying in the Rain.” The original, performed by The Everly Brothers, sounds very different from a famous cover by A-ha. However, the text of the song discusses the topic of heartbreak, the original sounds rather upbeat. The cover’s...

Have you ever felt that an expressed idea of yours was “borrowed” by someone else, and you weren’t given the proper credit? Or conversely, that something you received credit for couldn’t have happened without the hard work of someone else? How did you deal with this situation, and what you think as you reflect back was the fairest way to resolve the issue? How does this question relate to the Led Zeppelin case?

While I possibly have some experience with giving away my ideas, I have never experienced the feeling of being so overwhelmed by it to confront the person who borrowed it. However, I know a person whose hard work was once appropriated by someone else. This person did not request to...

Carefully examine the following structures, and read about each one in reliable internet resources: Nanna Ziggurat, Ur, c. 2100-2050 BCE, Great Pyramids, Giza, c. 2601-2515 BCE, Lion Gate, Mycenae, c. 1250 BCE. Answer the following questions about each structure: a. Who created each structure? Who commissioned its creation? b. What was the function of the structure? c. What historical events or social or cultural influences affected the creation of each structure? d. How do the visual characteristics of each structure contribute to or enhance its message or meaning? e. How do the reasons these structures were created compare with those of a more modern example of monumental art work, such as Mount Rushmore, the 9/11 Memorial, etc.?

The Nanna Ziggurat was created by King Ur-Nammu in honor of Sin (the god of the moon also known as Nanna). The ziggurat served as an administrative center of the city. Nonetheless, the building was finished by King Shulgi. His reign turned to the city where the Nanna Ziggurat was...

Carefully examine the following sculptures: Stele of Naram-Sin, c. 2254-2218 BCE, Palette of Narmer, c. 3150-3125 BCE, Akhenaten and His Family, 1348-1336 BCE. Describe the composition of each sculpture, including the representation of figures, objects, and space. Describe the overall subject matter of each sculpture; the meaning of some of the objects in the painting; and any social, historical, political, and/or religious factors that are important to understanding the painting.

The statue named the Stele of Naram-Sin represents the victory of Naram-Sin over the mountain people. It can be described as one of the main characterizations of the imperial art of the Akkadian era. The statue symbolizes a mountain that is conquered by Naram-Sin’s people. As we can see, the...

What critique does Sontag make of the media’s use of war photography? Consider the positive and negative aspects of reproducing the images shown at http://www.endthiswar.org/war2.htm. What is the subject of the images? What is their function or purpose? What is the intended response from viewers?

Sontag criticizes the media for using war photographs to express their bias regarding which side of the divide they support. The media also positively uses photographs to express things that cannot be expressed through words. War photographs are shown to the audience, and then they are left to make their...

What do you consider to be the most effective means of communicating the pain of others? The linguistic? The audio/visual? The visual? Multimodal composition? State your position and provide specific examples from this week’s artifacts. What emotional, perceptual, and somatic differences do you experience when reading “The Shawl” in comparison to viewing “Why We Fight? Viewing the photographs described by Sontag? Compare/contrast.

The most effective way of communicating other people’s pain is through visual images not accompanied by any audio. This is because images that are observed in silence elicit stronger emotions than those accompanied by audio. Viewing the photos described by Sontag and reading the Shawl elicit similar emotions of sadness,...

Scarry states that humans use adjectives and metaphors as a vocabulary for pain. In what ways these used in “The Shawl” in order to convey the actualpain through the description of perceptual experiences of the body in pain? What primitive behaviors are described in the story to illustrate the ways in which human beings respond to being in pain?

In “The Shawl,” adjectives that describe how Stella, Rosa, and Magda’s bodies were ravaged by anger are the ones used as metaphors and vocabulary for pain. For example, the author vividly describes how Magda, a child, grew very weak and thin from anger. Some of the primitive behavior described in...

In “The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World,” Elaine Scarry introduces the term “analogical verification” to describe material culture and material self-expression as referents to the body in pain. How do “felt-attributes” of pain transcend into the visible world by attaching pain to a referent other than the human body?

Scarry admits that expressing other people’s pain is difficult, but pain can be transcended into the visible world through words. For example, when somebody talks about torture, we can imagine the type of pain the victim experienced.

In Elaine Scarry’s “The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World,” what are the political consequences of “the language of agency”? In what ways is the problem of pain bound up with the problem of power?

The language of agency that Scarry discusses on page 13 is meant to eliminate pain by those who experience it or those speaking on behalf of those experiencing pain. The political consequence of the agency’s language is that it is used to pacify those that have been affected by war....

In the introduction of “The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World,” why does Elaine Scarry argue it is so difficult for a witness of trauma to express physical pain? What linguistic struggle does Scarry illustrate on page 4? What struggles do viewers/audiences experience in terms of understanding someone else’s pain?

Scarry argues that it is so difficult for a witness to express physical pain because, according to him, we cannot understand other people’s pain. We can only understand the pain we experience. The linguistic struggle Scarry expresses on page 4 is finding the right words to express other people’s pain....

Describe the use of audio/visual elements, as well as the literary devices related to written and spoken composition, as these appear in the film “Why We Fight”. What is the function/purpose of these devices? Use specific examples to support your ideas.

In the film “Why We Fight,” audio/visual elements like a musical score, sound effects, lighting, color, and scheme were used to convince Americans and soldiers that fighting in World War II was a worthy effort. The sound effects used in the movie elicited patriotic emotions in the audience. The American...

What is Mr. Pride vs. Miss Prejudice about?

Mr. Pride vs. Miss Prejudice is a love-hate story about an aspiring writer, a rich man, and his best friend. The comedy demonstrates how the characters treat each other while living with their pride and prejudices. More Information Mr. Pride vs. Miss Prejudice is a 2017 Chinese romantic comedy. The...

Articulate the notion of ‘truth’ in art criticism.

First, it is necessary to recognize that art is an interpretation of objective reality as perceived and articulated by the artist. Thus, it is apparent that objective truth is distorted twice before becoming embedded in the work of art. After this, an observer applies his perception to interpret the observed...

Evaluate David Hume’s view regarding art criticism.

According to Hume, criticism of art includes two key elements. The first one is based on the recognition by a sufficient number of individuals over time. The second is a deliberate process performed by knowledgeable individuals that comply with a range of criteria. These criteria include familiarity with relevant tools,...

Explain how aesthetics, art, and criticism are interrelated.

Critical discussion is an important part of aesthetic judgment. From this standpoint, art can be viewed as one of the sources of aesthetic values. However, for these values to be comprehended, they first need to be expressed in a certain form using aesthetically meaningful terms. This process, known as interpretative...

The main reasons why the court ruled that videotaping a movie from television to watch later was not an infringement of copyright. Use the fair use doctrine to frame your argument.

The Supreme Court ruled that videotaping a movie from television to watch later was not an infringement of copyright because of the following reasons. According to the fair use doctrine, as long as the material used was not meant for profit, then there is no infringement of copyright law. Sony...

Research substance usage in at least three different countries on three different continents and the percentage of reported addicts in those countries. How does this relate to addiction and the societal view of substance use?

Substance use is not a common phenomenon in Japan. This could be due to the tough laws regarding substance use in the country. For instance, a person may get a prison sentence of 10 years for using stimulants, and a life imprisonment for selling drugs. On the other hand, Egypt...

How is the increase of diagnosis of treatable addictive diseases related to economy and profit? Does this make it more difficult to get help to addicts who need it due to strained or financially unavailable resources?

The increase in the diagnosis of treatable addictive diseases has made medical practitioners lose the income and revenue they earned from organized medicine. Previously, these practitioners held a critical and profitable role in dealing with addictions, which the psychiatrists and addiction counselors, later, assumed. A while ago, physicians and psychiatrists...

Should marijuana be criminalized? Explain

Marijuana should not be criminalized due to the following reasons. First, the health risks such as impaired attention, lung cancer, and schizophrenia that are associated with the use of marijuana can also be caused by the legalized drugs such as alcohol and tobacco. Thus why should marijuana be criminalized due...

Should marijuana be legalized? Explain

Marijuana should be legalized. The drug control policies have failed to prevent the use of marijuana in the country. This is based on the fact that a high percentage of the citizens are still able to access and use it despite its criminalization. Thus it will be better to focus...

Identify and provide details about the three elements of arrest warrants that satisfy the requirements of the Fourth Amendment warrant clause.

The first element of arrest warrants that satisfy the Fourth Amendment warrant clause requires that the warrant must be supported by probable cause, not reasonable suspicion. This means that several legal standards must be satisfied. Second, specific details must be provided concerning the person, the place, and the materials to...

Does unprovoked flight + high-crime area = reasonable suspicion? Explain.

This question is best answered by an examination of Illinois v. Wardlow. In the presence of a place marked for narcotics trafficking, Wardlow decided to flee upon spotting four police cars. He was apprehended and presented before a Supreme Court. However, the Court stated that headlong flight does not serve...

1. Identify the two elements of the qualified immunity defense, and explain why the test is so easy for officers to pass. 2. Identify and describe the differences between two kinds of state civil lawsuits against individual state officers. 3. Can one sue a judge or a prosecutor for damage? Explain.

1. The two elements of the qualified immunity defense include constitutional violation and establishment of the right at issue during the time of the conduct of a state officer. The test is so easy for officers to pass because of the nature of the job that plays a significant factor...

Identify the difference between the subjective and objective tests of entrapment. Identify two elements in the subjective test of entrapment and the two kinds of circumstances the government can use to prove defendants’ predisposition to commit crimes. Explain these tests using prostitution as an example.

The difference between subjective and objective tests of entrapment revolves around the fact that subjective test of entrapment focuses on the defendant’s state of mind, whereas objective test of entrapment focuses on the conduct of police officers during the entire period of inducement to commit the crime. The two elements...

1. Identify and explain the rationales behind the three justifications for the exclusionary rule. Which justification does the U.S. Supreme Court use today? 2. List and explain five exceptions to the exclusionary rule. 3. Is there a constitutional right to the exclusionary rule and the defense of entrapment? Explain your answer.

1. The three justifications for exclusionary rule include the fact that it is a fundamental right that should not be violated, there are no exigencies, and to deter misconduct of police officers. The justification that the United States Supreme Court uses today is the exclusionary rule as a personal right...

Why are photo identifications the most unreliable eyewitness identification procedure?

Photo identifications are the most unreliable eyewitness identification procedure and are the main reason behind increases in cases of mistaken identities. The main reason behind this revolves around poor encoding of information at the time of perception. This is influenced by a myriad of factors such as distance between the...

Identify and define the mental processes that account for mistakes in identifying strangers. Also identify the circumstances that affect the accuracy of perceptions in identifying strangers.

The mental processes in the identification of strangers are complex processes that demand more than basic memory of facts. However, three main mental processes account for mistakes in identifying strangers. These include acquisition, storage, and retrieval. Acquisition refers to the process of perceiving and collecting information. Several factors such as...

The Justice for All Act of 2004 is federal legislation that, among other things, grants federal inmates the right to petition the federal court for DNA testing to support innocence claims. There are other provisions that address preserving evidence and making post-conviction DNA testing available to state inmates. Analyze, whether it is worthwhile legislation and explain why?

Based on the analysis carried out on the limitations of forensic science in the justice system, it is discerned that the Justice for All Act of 2004 is a worthwhile activity that seeks to exonerate the innocent. The process of determining the validity and reliability of evidence presented in criminal...

With so much attention focused on scientific evidence in television crime shows, it is important to understand the limits of science and the problems associated with using this type of evidence in the criminal justice system. What aspects of the reading from the Innocence Project website are the most interesting and why?

The increase in the number of television crime shows that focus on scientific evidence in criminal justice systems has generated intense debate on the need to examine the problems and shortfalls of scientific evidence. After reading all the aspects of the innocence project, several issues seem to come out. However,...

Why should legal immigration be expanded?

Such issues as immigration have long-been debated by economists and policy-makers. In popular opinion, this phenomenon is often associated with job insecurity and increased expenses on social security. However, one should take into account that legal immigrants can pay the same taxes and insurance fees and they do not always...

What is cultural literacy and how can a firm use it to evaluate the attractiveness of a particular location as a place for doing business? What role does religion play in understanding culture?

Globalization can empower and mobilize people of a culture, providing them with a method of representing themselves and supporting a collective identity of the people that belong to the culture. However, globalization can disempower people through misrepresentation, providing a means of being colonized further; and boosting the loss of independence,...

Explain the term “Corruption” and what it includes.

Corruption occurs as a result of poverty in the whole world. Corruption occurs at all ranks of the society from the businesses, the government, the judiciary, and the civil society. The poorest are the most affected by corruption may they be in rich or poor economies. All elements of the...

What main problem is Terry from “On the Waterfront” (1954) facing?

Terry is facing the problem of a troubling conscience and facing his fear. He witnessed a murder in which Joey was killed by being thrown off a roof. The murderers got away with their actions because nobody in the Waterfront was willing to talk. The workers had a code of...

Describe the screening tools that are used for assessing substance abuse

Alcohol and drug screening AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test), is a screening tool that is heavily effective in the identification of heavy consumption of alcohol among women who are not pregnant. It consists of around 10 questions that are related to the harmful consumption of alcohol. On the other...

How can Case Management be used in the treatment for addictions?

The term case management has been constantly used over the past decades in the world of literature, referring to everything that revolves around the legislative system to the medical management of a patient’s care. The use of case management to counter the use of drugs has been a constantly debated...

When looking at group therapy, analyze 12 step programs and their spiritual component. In what ways might such programs compete with counselor’s work? In what ways might they complement it?

The 12 steps of group recovery are important for two major reasons. First, they have a high rate of effectiveness in treating drug addicts and changing their lives. Secondly, they are free and available at any time and place because all communities have the 12 step groups. Patients move very...

Once a challenge in treating addiction is the high incidence of relapse, the counselor is faced with relapsing clients. How can counselors keep themselves from becoming discouraged and even cynical about their work?

Relapse is a major problem facing counselors in addiction treatment since most addicts under treatment often crave for the drug, and if there is no effective follow-up, they are likely to resume the use of the drug. In most cases, the counselors are likely to feel frustrated, discouraged and pessimistic...

Explain the controversy surrounding the use of medication in recovery treatment.

Methadox and suboxone present as some of the most commonly used opioids in treating drug addicts by minimizing the degree of withdrawal syndrome in the addicts. Also, they provide a good way to help the addicts minimize craving for the drug. However, the medications are addictive and difficult to stop...

Motivational interviewing is to gently assist clients in exploring their ambivalence towards changing their addicted lifestyles. How to encourage someone to make major changes without pushing hard that he or she pushed back?

Motivational interviewing presents a good way to approach the work of counseling drug addicts through assisting them make decisions to change from their lifestyles, but under a stepwise process that allows them to adapt to a new life. To avoid pushing hard on the addict, it is worth noting that...