Major reform movements in the 1800s vouched for child labor abolition, women’s suffrage, prison reforms, and temperance. These movements resulted from the Second Great Awakening, religious faith in the 1800s; the two major reforms were the women’s rights movement, and the abolitionist movement.
The Abolitionist reform was the most powerful; some of the leaders involved included: Dorothea Dix, Horace Mann, Martin Luther King, Utopian communities, and John Calvin. American history labeled the period 1830-50 as the age of reform. The reforms achieved a lot in giving rise to the middle class and giving them more political power (Clinton). In my opinion, I believe these reforms were necessary for the midst of a capitalist society that is stratified, and there is a presence of the privileged and non-privileged.
In America’s history, oppression, racism, and exploitation were evident; the dominant classes ruled while the lower class members served and conformed to rules and regulations they had no say in. These reforms were essential and had to be implemented to bring forth change, equality, justice, and liberty across all United States citizens; however, it is not appealing that war had to break out. Still, it served for the greater good of the nation.
Abolitionism was a revolutionary movement dedicated to the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the U.S. The campaign was part of a greater worldwide movement that abolished slavery in England, western Europe, and beyond. From the end of the 18th century to enlightenment and religious groups such as the Quakers, those phrases attacked slavery as a violation of human rights that developed throughout the decades leading up to the Civil War.
By the time the Northern Provinces abolished slavery in 1804, the Southern Provinces had relied on slave labor to operate farms farming vital products such as cotton, tobacco, and sugar. The annihilation of the army focused on the North but was stopped by the South. Abolitionists succeeded in obtaining the importation of slaves into the US banned by 1807, while slavery continues legal in many places.
Abolitionism was linked to other contemporaneous moral reform attempts, particularly self-control and women’s rights. For example, the destroyers Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott both worked hard for women’s rights. Temperance was a revolutionary movement of the 19th century devoted to lowering or eliminating alcohol usage. The efforts of the churches affected by the Second Great Resurrection significantly fueled the movement.
The moral movement attracted a big number of female activists and spawned tens of thousands of autonomous organizations. It became evident that women and children were frequent victims of alcohol misuse, necessitating protective measures. This resulted in a rise in calls for reforms concerning the voting rights, labor negotiations, and property ownership of women. Despite their modest success, these forums have armed women with the knowledge necessary to safeguard these changes in the future.
As everywhere, these improvements have improved the living conditions of a minority of Americans. Frequently, women, children, immigrants, and unskilled laborers earned low wages and toiled in filthy, overcrowded factories. These inhabitants of the community were confronted with an apparent cycle of poverty. Reformers placed the concerns at the center of their call to action, resulting in increased labor union lobbying, new child labor legislation, child education, wages, and working conditions.
The organization advocated an alternative way of life to the rigors of industrialization’s rapid progress and urged compassion for human suffering. The real transcript of this remark has been made public online by supporters of her case. Urbanization was one of the most significant social shifts inside the business.
The development of the steam engine altered the situation and made it possible for the manufacturing industry to get access to inland areas close to urban centers, which encouraged job seekers and workers to relocate. Relocation to urban regions exacerbates housing, transportation, urban infrastructure, and public service issues. Several reform movements arose in response to these and related challenges.