Review the urinary infection case and determine the most likely cause, including pathogen and mode of transmission.
A 50-year-old woman presented complaining of a burning sensation when urinating and feeling like she had to go every hour for the last day. She denies fever and suprapubic or back pain. The urine dipstick reveals moderate leukocytes and positive nitrites, with all other values within normal limits. What are the most likely diagnosis and pathogen causing this disorder and mode of transmission? Discuss data that support your decision. What diagnostic test, if any, should be done? What diagnostic test findings would support your diagnosis? Develop a treatment plan for this patient.