Using a Second Language for Communications in Bridge Operations

Discuss whether using a second language as the operational language has a detrimental effect on a crew’s situational awareness.

Review the science around verbal communication, issues around the use of language, and communication in second languages. This can be from any area, not just maritime (just a general overview of using multiple languages and how that may affect working/social relationships) think also aviation, military, business, etc. Narrow this down to a more specific maritime theme and try and use examples and case studies of where this can be seen as an issue – there should be plenty of material out there on this subject. Refer also to any information you can identify around your own experience and why this may be carried out on your ships.