Urinary Tract Infection: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of urinary tract infections.

You are caring for a patient who develops a urinary tract infection. What is the primary portal of entry (POE) for agents that cause UTIs? What are the most common agents of UTIs? What is the significance of attachment pili for agents that cause UTIs? Explain the common complications of UTIs. List the antibiotics used for the treatment of uncomplicated UTIs.