The Soviet Union shocked the world by launching Sputnik 1, a human-made rocket that could enter the earth’s orbit space in 1957. Sputnik 1 was the first outer-space rocket, and it spurred other countries to begin space exploration projects. For example, it helped the United States of America instigate President Kennedy’s 1961 declaration to explore space by sending the first man to the moon’s surface. The United States of America responded by establishing a federal agency called the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), dedicating it to space exploration and initiating technology sharing with their fierce rivals, the Soviet Union.
In the space race, the United States successfully deployed Saturn V, a super-high rocket launching and lifting vehicle. Saturn V was huge enough to send two-person landers and three-person orbiters to the moon. John’s dream and goal of sending an individual into space were achieved by the popular landing of Apollo 11 on the moon’s surface. It was in 1969 when the first man, Neil Armstrong, landed and stepped on the moon, hence ending the space race with a win for the United States of America.