The Roman Empire was one of the greatest military states in the history of the world as its influence spread over the biggest part of the civilized world. At the same time, it was characterized by the high speed of its growth as expansionist moods peculiar to the senate and emperors preconditioned new acquisitions and conquests. However, this model introduced multiple problems associated with governing new territories and the preservation of Roman rule. One of the central causes of the emergence of these issues was long distances and farness from the heart of the empire. New lands were extremely diverse, and locals had rebellious moods, which created the ground for multiple civil riots and other conflicts. To manage them effectively, the empire had to create an effective state apparatus supported by military power to guarantee observation of all regulations and laws. Regarding the size of the country and the constant expansion, this task became the major challenge for the integration of new lands into the Pax Romana.
However, there were multiple effective solutions to alter the situation and achieve success. For instance, Marian Reforms were introduced to empower the Roman Army and guarantee its ability to respond to all threats effectively., Before this alteration, the military forces were formed from landowners who represented the middle class. It significantly limited the number of available soldiers and the quality of their preparation. The Marian Reforms expanded the recruitment program and provided landless people with an opportunity to join the army. They were paid and trained appropriately which resulted in the first professional army in the world that effectively fought with enemies. Sulla’s reforms empowered the Senate and served as an effective governing system that was finally replaced by Caesar’s system with powerful municipal governments that provided an improved opportunity to manage new lands. These policies provided Rome with the chance to continue its rise and conquer.