DNSSEC is a critical component used to implement the security of the DNS system, which is vulnerable to different types of attacks. The DNS sessions can be hijacked when searching for a site on the internet using a specific name for a specific site. The attacker is able to hijack and take control of the session using a deceptive website to collect passwords and account details.
In this case, DNSSEC plays a critical role because it enables users to digitally sign data to be transmitted to make it valid. It is important to note that DNSSEC provides a validation path for data on transit. According to Beardsley, the root zone file is managed by the International not-for-profit Corporation (ICANN), the National Telecommunication and Information Administration (NTIA), the VeriSign Company, and the group of registered root server operators. A high-level timeline for the DNSSEC update shows that the root zone was signed in 2009 by ICANN and VeriSign and was published in 2010.