Humans have the spark of God in themselves: this is what we call consciousness. This God’s spark is the part of the eternal and infinite God’s spirit, which He consciously put into us. According to the Holy Bible (NIV), God revealed His intentions as “let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and over all the creatures that move along the ground”. Humans are created as God’s images and, thus, possess creativity, intelligence, feelings, morality, and personality, connected by consciousness. I believe that consciousness is the main distinguishing feature of a human being, the core of humanity.
Still, as God creates everything else, too, the part of God’s spirit is everywhere. I think that human beings are just the most conscious of all beings that we know. God’s spirit is everywhere: from the fundamental laws of nature to the animals and trees; it means that everything is conscious but less than a human. It is possible that somewhere there are more conscious beings than humans, created by God; maybe the cherubim mentioned in the Holy Bible (NIV) hints at the existence of such beings. Despite that, Ithink humans are unique, at least on a scale of the Earth, as highly complex machines with developed consciousness that enables us to know and understand material and spiritual realms.
Psychology and sociology are sciences designed to understand humans from scientific views. They aim to develop schemes that allow predicting the human states and behavior in the case of psychology and social dynamics in the case of sociology. Those schemes can be further used to find what is most useful both for the individual and for society and implement it, improving them. With scientific knowledge and religious revelations, humans can understand themselves and how to use their consciousness.