The four concepts pertain to learning about the world, but they vary in the way one connects and uses facts. According to Frické, data, information, knowledge, and wisdom can be arranged in a pyramid called the DIKW model. Data is the simplest statement that does not have much meaning, for example, the number six. When data is infused with context, it transforms into information. It is a fact that links to another piece of data – a file weighs six gigabytes.
Knowledge is a connection of information that provides insight or allows one to compare data or make conclusions. A file that weighs six gigabytes is heavy because the computer opens it slower than files that weigh less. Lastly, wisdom is the process of using data, information, and knowledge to create solutions. It is a deep understanding of the topic and the relationships between abstract concepts – a more powerful computer is needed for people who often work with large files to improve their performance.