Based on the abovementioned state standard, the developmentally appropriate practice for students in the second grade involves multiple activities that require children to decode simple words. For instance, grade two students are supposed to distinguish between long and short vowels and pronounce them correctly in one-syllable words. Next, these students are supposed to understand basic facts about common suffixes and prefixes and decode simple words that contain them.
Moreover, in the second grade, children learn to understand irregularities and exceptions in their native language in terms of pronunciation. Therefore, they are expected to read irregularly spelled words without mistakes. In terms of reading fluency, students in the second grade typically have the necessary skills to correct themselves when reading words that they are supposed to know. Thus, it is reasonable to expect these children to make use of context to make sure that their pronunciation is correct.