The main distinguishing feature of white-collar crime is the individuals who commit these crimes. These actions are carried out by people of high social status who have great power. Corrupt heads of financial corporations and various kinds of politicians can serve as examples of such personalities. The status of these individuals and the range of options available to them make these crimes extremely difficult to investigate.
Having a large amount of authority, these individuals skillfully hide the traces of their connections with these crimes, significantly complicating the work of law enforcement agencies. This is due to their intelligence and education, which allows them to exploit loopholes in the law and create complex schemes, as well as thanks to resources and connections.
Finally, even when such individuals are exposed, they still have the opportunity to defend their position in court, using all their influence in various structures to win the lawsuit. Thus, prosecutors have very little chance of completely exposing the whole scheme and forcing the person involved in the white-collar crime to atone for their actions.