IPV can cause a variety of adverse sexual and reproductive health effects in women, including unsafe abortion, unwanted pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections such as pelvic inflammatory disease, sexual dysfunction, HIV, and pregnancy complications. IPV can directly impact women’s reproductive and sexual health, such as sexually transmitted infections caused by forced sexual intercourse inside marriage. IPV may also have an indirect impact, such as making it harder for women to negotiate condom or contraceptive use with their partners.
Effects on children
Numerous studies indicate associated IPV against women to significant health and social repercussions for children, such as poor academic performance, poor health, despair, and anxiety. According to Herbert and colleagues’ research, a child and IPV abuse may result from exposure to IPV against the mother. IPV exposure is one of the most common factors connected to female oppression and male perpetration later in life.
Homicide and other mortality
According to Herbert and colleagues’ research, in various nations, 40–70% of female murder victims were murdered by their lover or husband, frequently in the context of an abusive relationship. Furthermore, data suggests that IPV increases the likelihood of a woman committing suicide, as well as the risk of obtaining HIV and dying as a result of AIDS.