The influence of Ancient Greek art and literature on the Roman Empire is visible in most of the works that have been preserved to this day. The Romans, who were quite partial toward the Greeks, adopted and adapted their architecture, sculptures, and literary works. Those studying the Aeneid by Virgil after having read Homer’s Odyssey and Iliad often feel a sense of familiarity with the similarity of the works. However, it is not just the various cultural and artistic Greek influences that the RomanEmpire experienced. During the Ancient Greek domination, it had developed warfare and military doctrines that were later adopted by the Romans to create their Empire.
Today, the Roman Empire is still considered one of the most powerful and influential civilizations to have existed. Nevertheless, a closer examination is required to see which policies and tactics were Roman innovations and which were simply borrowed from their predecessors.