Shamanism: “The Sound of Rushing Water” by Michael J. Harner

Based on the book “The sound of rushing water” by Michael J. Harner discuss the use of hallucinogens and shamanism practices in the Jivaro culture.

Why does in “The sound of rushing water,” Harner says that anthropologists have underestimated the importance of hallucinogens in their research. Give two reasons why so many Jivaro become shamans. Not all initiates become, shamans. Why? Explain this from both an emic and etic perspective. Harner says that one characteristic of bewitching is that the victim has no idea that the bewitching is occurring. Explain this from both an emic and etic perspectives. How do Jivaro shamans prove that they have cured someone? How do they justify this practice?