Health disparities are inequitable distributions of social, political, economic, and environmental resources that have existed historically and currently. Poverty, environmental risks, insufficient access to health care, as well as personality and behavioral variables all contribute to health disparities. Health disparities have a detrimental impact on groups of individuals who suffer more substantial social or economic obstacles to health as a result of their race or ethnicity, religion, financial level, gender, age, or mental health. These attributes can have an impact on how people are treated in society.
Inequalities in health are the outcome of societal negligence. Nursing is centered on caring, making it the appropriate profession to lead the way in decreasing inequality, and it is a career in which interpersonal ties are crucial. Nurses may also support nurse-led primary health care and work to enhance access, equity, and health protection by influencing local, state, and national policy. Advocating for patients’ rights, proper resources, translators, catastrophe screening, and even cultural training are all examples of this.