Please name the parts of the stomach. Why the stomach has 3 muscle layers? Please name them.

A

The stomach is comprised of 5 major regions, which are as follows:

The Cardia
The Fundus
The Body
The Antrum
The Pylorus.

Under the mucus layers that protect the stomach from self-digestion, the
the stomach has three layers of muscles: the outer longitudinal layer, the middle circular layer, and the inner oblique layer. The purpose of the outer layer is to allow food to mix. The middle layer forms the pyloric sphincter and controls the movement of chyme into the duodenum. The inner layer creates the motion necessary to break down the food.

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