Including examples, compare and contrast crossing-over and independent assortment.

Both crossing-over and independent assortment take place mainly during meiosis. The former refers to an exchange of genetic material between two homologous chromosomes in order to swap certain parts of a chromosome to create a higher degree of variation. It involves an exchange between a maternal and paternal chromosome. However, independent assortment refers to the process during meiosis when one cell pole pulls a random chromosome from a homologous pair, such as either paternal or maternal. In humans, there are 46 chromosomes and 23 homologous pairs, and each pair is divided between two new cells randomly or independently, which is why it is called the independent assortment.

Answer by Academic.tip's expert
An answer to this question is provided by one of our experts who specializes in biology. Let us know how much you liked it and give it a rating.

Cite this page

Select a citation style:

References

Academic.Tips. (2022) 'Including examples, compare and contrast crossing-over and independent assortment'. 7 October.

Reference

Academic.Tips. (2022, October 7). Including examples, compare and contrast crossing-over and independent assortment. https://academic.tips/question/including-examples-compare-and-contrast-crossing-over-and-independent-assortment/

References

Academic.Tips. 2022. "Including examples, compare and contrast crossing-over and independent assortment." October 7, 2022. https://academic.tips/question/including-examples-compare-and-contrast-crossing-over-and-independent-assortment/.

1. Academic.Tips. "Including examples, compare and contrast crossing-over and independent assortment." October 7, 2022. https://academic.tips/question/including-examples-compare-and-contrast-crossing-over-and-independent-assortment/.


Bibliography


Academic.Tips. "Including examples, compare and contrast crossing-over and independent assortment." October 7, 2022. https://academic.tips/question/including-examples-compare-and-contrast-crossing-over-and-independent-assortment/.

Work Cited

"Including examples, compare and contrast crossing-over and independent assortment." Academic.Tips, 7 Oct. 2022, academic.tips/question/including-examples-compare-and-contrast-crossing-over-and-independent-assortment/.

Copy