The psychological sciences have referred to mindfulness in many areas, such as neuroscience, stress management, and mental and physical health. The issue of depression has one crucial distinguishing feature – it is interdisciplinary. It covers many areas of social science such as psychiatry, psychotherapy, neuroscience, psychology, research, and mindfulness and meditation teachings.
Currently, publications and research focus on helping people with specific problems such as depression, anxiety, stress, or other mental well-being problems. Depression can be analyzed as a disease resulting from integrated factors such as brain functioning, mental activity, and interpersonal and intrapersonal relationships in society.
Hammen demonstrates how mindful awareness shares standard features with several human emotions, including empathy, emotional balance, and compassion. This practice impacts the sense of self by reducing reactions influenced by prior learning and memory ‘‘top-down constraints’’ and allowing us to access sensory experiences that come from the ‘‘bottom-up”.