The colonization process was an ideology based on cultural hierarchy and supremacy. The colonists ruled their territories by implanting their settlements and establishing control over them for a long time, making the locals subordinate to the sovereign power. The colonial powers imposed their dominance over the native through raids, tortures, forced labor, and resource exploitations. The colonizers viewed the cultural values of their subjects as inferior and thus forced them to abandon their cultures.
Through this, the colonized countries were stripped of their identity and imposed to follow their colonizers’ so-called “superior” culture. The primary objective of the colonizers was to enslave the locals and seize their land, and cultural identity was one of the tools which aided the success of the colonization.
The colonized nations lost their values through cultural destruction, such as dress codes and language. The natives, too, devalued their religions, languages, and dress codes, thus, dismantling their identity. The colonizers also felt the colonization impacts as their societies were divided along religious and racial lines due to intermarriages and slave trades, impacting their identity to date.