Sport and exercise psychology must consider ethnicity because it affects participation patterns. Sports participation varies by race, culture, and tradition. Minority groups have been systematically barred from plans for sports, physical activity, competition for a long time, and positions of leadership. Today, ethnic minorities make up a more significant percentage of participants in a few prominent sports, but ethnic minorities are non-existent in many others.
The scarcity of ethnic subgroups in positions of power in sports, including management and coaching, has resulted in a lack of exposure and hence a lack of experience for ethnic minorities, despite participation rates being very high. On the other hand, gender stereotype is evident in sports in that; males are more likely to participate in masculine sports than females and vice versa. Women and men tend to have distinct views and interpretations of competition, which strongly impacts their sports experiences.