Explain the differences between the pedagogical and andragogical models.

Andragogy and pedagogy are educational models, but the first is used in adults’ education and the second for children. Their differences are significant since children are more dependent on a mentor (teacher), do not have experience, and adults rely more on their independence. The use of andragogy methods on children, and vice versa pedagogy on adults, is likely to lead to a lack of learning results. Among the main differences are the following:

  • Responsibility for learning in pedagogy on the teacher, in andragogy – on the student. Moreover, adults can share experience and knowledge among themselves, while children rely entirely on a mentor.
  • Pedagogy usually provides specific steps to gain general knowledge due to children’s lack of experience. In andragogy, adults are more likely to fill any gaps in their knowledge and experience and supplement them.
  • Children are motivated by external factors – the influence of social norms and parents, which in the learning process is supported by grades. Adults, in turn, are internally motivated, and rates may not matter to them – only the knowledge gained.
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