Examine foreign policy under Truman and Eisenhower in regards to the Cold War. Why did the Cold War begin? What actions did Truman and Ike take during this war?

A

The primary reason for the beginning of the Cold War was the clash between Communism and Capitalism (May, 2017a). The USA was a Capitalist country that valued people’s civil rights, free market, and private property. However, the USSR was the country that followed a Communist doctrine that was quite the opposite to the western world’s priorities. Another cause of the Cold War was American leaders’ desire to prevent the spreading of Communism as they understood that the countries that adopted this political agenda were likely to remain Communist. There was also considerable distrust between the USSR and the USA. The American government introduced the Marshall Plan that implied the provision of substantial (billions of dollars) economic aid to European countries that had been devastated during the war years. The USA supported political groups that were hostile to communism in different countries. The USA participated in the Korean War and helped South Korea to address the challenges the country had to face. In domestic affairs, the US government supported the development of nuclear arms as well as the military industry. McCarthyism was another response to the threat of Communism spread within the USA.

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