It is critical to maintaining a competency-based approach to nursing education. The generally accepted competencies within the nursing arena involve “care management and coordination, patient education, public health intervention, and transitional care.” The competencies are essential for continuous improvement of the quality and safety of health care systems and include “patient-centered care, teamwork and collaboration, evidence-based practice, quality improvement, safety, and informatics.” Furthermore, nurses should pursue the core moral values within work settings to create a morally good environment. This results in “mutual caring, communication, dignity, respect, and transparency” of the nursing practice and the relationships with the patients and colleagues. The nursing occupation engages in continuing formal and informal dialogue with society.
Concerning the aspect of knowledge, it is vital to keep mastering the expertise in systems, human psychology, and ways to obtain experience in practice. As such, nurses should also remain focused on gaining skills and strategies for leadership and management of continual improvement. The knowledge that is based on standardized science prerequisites is one of the competencies required for the new care delivery models. Other competency requirements include “population health and population-based care management; care coordination; health policy knowledge, skills, and attitudes; as well as competencies that address the emerging health needs.” Altogether, every nursing practitioner should deal with the concerns about the health delivery environment and provide safe, quality patient care in accordance with commonly accepted norms of ethics.