The issue of race has continued to receive the attention of many scientists, historians, and archaeologists. In the 1600s, new concepts emerged that encouraged scholars and biologists to support the existence of empirical evidence that supported the concept of racism. According to them, the application of anthropometry, physical anthropology, and craniometry could justify racial discrimination. These attributes amount to the notion or ideology of scientific racism. Winant defines it as the combination of scientific and factual attributes aimed at justifying the conception that some races are superior or inferior to others. Despite being a popular theory from 1600 to the 1920s, many societies and nations now criticize or disregard scientific racism.
The infamous events that took place during the Second World War compelled UNESCO to present its formal statement in an attempt to denounce such a theory. This organization cited the untold suffering many Jews encountered during the Holocaust. Omi and Winant go further to indicate that the acceptance of scientific racism is something that can have detrimental implications on human beings. This is a clear indication that it remains unacceptable in many regions.
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