After a serious brain injury, the area in the brain that is responsible for storing memories can malfunction. Fortunately, in most cases, the loss of memory is temporary, and when the brain recovers, it will be restored. For example, people who get in a car crash first do not remember how it has happened but then recall it in some time. Retrieval-cue failure is the inability to recall information without particular memory cues. For example, we can forget what we did last weekend, but a simple memory cue, for example, a cinema ticket can refresh our memory, and we will recall almost everything we did looking at that ticket.
In their research, Emrich, Riggall, LaRocque, and Postle suggested and proved the theory that the information that visual short-term memory (VSTM) contains can be decoded in those regions that provide a transitory response to the stimuli, but not from the areas that demonstrate elevated load-sensitive activity. Their findings also show that the structures of neural activities in the sensory cortex support the information accuracy in VSTM.