Moral rules and restrictions govern human actions. Moral values and norms direct and correct the vital activity of the individual about public opinion. Usually, an individual is oriented towards general standards of morality and performs his/her ethical code. Moreover, the concepts of morality, values, ethics, and bioethics are mostly determined by the conscience of a person. Determined by all conscience, sometimes the concepts of “morality” and “value” differ in shades of meanings, but in most cases, they are considered synonymous.
Ethics is a system of moral principles and values that guide the behavior of a person or a group of people, determining what is right and what is wrong. Ethical values establish a set of standards regarding what is good and what is bad in the field of human behavior in an organization. Morality is one of the ways to regulate the expression of people in society. It is a system of principles and norms that determine the nature of relations between people by the concepts of good and evil that are accepted in a given society, fair and unfair, decent and unworthy. Compliance with the requirements of morality is provided by the power of spiritual influence, public opinion, inner conviction, human conscience.
Bioethics or the ethics of life is a section of universal ethics. It determines which actions about living are morally permissible, and which are unacceptable. The subject of study of bioethics is the rapidly accumulating achievements of natural science, primarily biology and medicine, their in-depth research, and the determination of the degree of danger in the present and the future when applied to man and society as a whole. The ultimate goal of bioethics is the development of reliable measures that would protect each person and humanity from the undesirable or destructive consequences of the introduction of new biological and medical achievements.