Provide the details on Bisbee Deportation


The Bisbee Deportation event is an illegal deportation occurrence, where Phelps Dodge ordered to deport 1300 protestants in 1917. The given event Bisbee deportation took place in Bisbee, Arizona, and the Bisbee deportation significance was conducted by kidnapping and arresting striking miners and their supporters. The victims were loaded on cattle cars and transported to Tres Hermanas, New Mexico.


On June 12, 1917, in the small mining town of Bisbee, Arizona, the owners of copper mining mines, led by a local sheriff, brutally suppressed the workers’ struggle for their rights.

At gunpoint, more than a thousand people were deported to New Mexico, without the possibility of returning to their homes and families. The incident could not be called anything but a tragedy, but the facts about this crime were carefully hidden, and there was almost no documentary evidence.

Thomas Edward Campbell was a highly sophisticated politician and the governor of Arizona state during the deportation in Bisbee.

One of the most significant events during Campbell’s year in office was the deportation from Bisbee, during which more than a thousand striking workers engaged in the illegal mining of copper ore in the Copper Queen Mine, their supporters from the Industrial Union Workers of the World and other residents of the city were driven into wagons by armed guards, transported 300 km to New Mexico and abandoned without money or transport.

Security was hired by Phelps Dodge, which actually controlled the city. After the incident, Campbell traveled to Bisbee and condemned both the Industrial Workers of the World organization and the results of Bisbee deportation.

By the end of the 19th century, iron smelting began from ore mined near the city of Sider City. Between the end of the civil war and the beginning of the 20th century, Americans were engaged in different affairs, but still prevailed issues of mining. Idaho also possessed rich deposits of precious metals.

Despite the harsh climate of the southwestern state, mining began earlier than in its western part. It should be noted that the south-west of the state was dangerous due to the attacks of the Indians, deceived by the concluded treaty. However, people seduced by the tales of forgotten Spanish mines forgot about the danger and came there, despite the fact that during the Civil War, regular troops were withdrawn from Arizona.

Despite the dangers and the climate, the mines were profitable, and the mining towns of Bisbee, Globe, Morenci, Ehrenburg, Wickenburg, Prescott and Tombstone became quite famous. They thrive today, thanks to mining, tourism and trade. In the almost deserted city of Jerome, W.A. Clark discovered a famous copper core in the United Verde mine, which turned the mine into the richest in the world.

It is important to remember that the strike was led by members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and there were many socialists and anarchists among them. The brutal suppression of the strike was due to the fact that Bisbee supplied copper for military purposes and the miners’ protest was also an anti-war protest.

Most of the deportees were of Hispanic descent, thus, the Bisbee Deportation historic event was also racial in nature. Given that the state is located on the border with Mexico, the word deportation is not an empty phrase because the notion is still persistent in modern America. The capitalists wanted to hush up what happened in the city of Bisbee most of all because in a corporate city, the company sets the rules.

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