Male testes are active throughout the entire reproductive lifespan, and they produce sperm and androgens. Spermatogenesis is performed in these organs’ cells, the process that begins from spermatogonia mitosis and DNA replication and completes with the sperm released into the lumen. Sperm is continuously produced in the male reproductive system and is excreted through the urethra during ejaculation. The pathway of the sperm cell to the female uterine tube begins in the testes, where they move through seminiferous tubules to the epididymis, driven into the deferent duct.
Then, cells are transported to the spermatic cord into the pelvic cavity to the ejaculatory duct, and the muscle movements triggered by ejaculation push the sperm forward via the urethra. After entering the female anterior vagina, the cells get to the cervix, and the cervical mucus filters out the weak sperm. A woman’s muscular contractions then carry the morphologically healthy cells through the uterine cavity to the uterine tubes, where they will be stored before ovulation occurs. Sperm transportation from the male testes to female uterine tubes includes comprehensive algorithms to make human reproduction efficient.