Describe the central dogma of molecular biology.

The central dogma states that genetic information mainly flows from DNA to RNA, which is transcription, and from RNA to proteins, which is translation. In addition, DNA can create another DNA through the replication process, and RNA can make DNA through reverse transcription. RNA molecules also have the capability to replicate, such as viral RNA polymerases. Therefore, the flow of genetic information can go both ways in regards to DNA and RNA, and both molecules can self-replicate. However, proteins are solely made through translation and are unable to transfer information back to RNA.

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