Delegated powers, also called enumerated or expressed powers, can be defined as a federal government’s ability to take important measures and make crucial decisions on behalf of its country.
Delegated powers are directly connected to the way a country is organized. If the founders of a country’s government aim to avoid despotism and to allow citizens to participate actively in state affairs, they can choose to form a government with federalist principles. The United States is one example of this type of government, created by policy-makers at the beginning of the U.S. democracy.
As mentioned above, delegated powers authorize the federal government to make important decisions on behalf of the country. It should be mentioned that “the Constitution delegates 27 powers specifically to the federal government.” Examples include “the power to coin money, to regulate commerce, to declare war, to raise and maintain armed forces, and to establish a Post Office.” Moreover, within the structure of a federal organization, reserved and concurrent powers also exist. Reserved powers are those that states regulate, including protecting citizens’ rights, ensuring a high quality of life, driving laws, etc. Issues that are shared between the federal government and states, for example, taxation, are called concurrent powers.
In conclusion, delegated powers are an essential element of a federal country that help ensure the development of coherent, effective policies in various fields. Reserved and concurrent powers complement the delegated powers of the federal government. The U.S. Constitution divides responsibilities between the federal government and the states, allowing the country to benefit from a federal organization and ensure its unified policy.