I believe the two most effective rehabilitation programs are social therapy and psychological programs. Social therapy presupposes the restoration of prisoners’ social ties and the legal status of a citizen. It is effective since it allows to resolution actual needs of prisoners, at the same time resolving issues that may have led to a crime.
The process of social therapy is aimed at solving social problems such as restoring the passports of convicts who do not have them in their personal files, resolving the issues of employment, and elaborating on the situations that may arise after release and the ways out of them.
One of the key activities of rehabilitation centers is psychological programs for those ex-prisoners who have lost faith in themselves and have lost the meaning of life. Here, former prisoners are helped to come to their senses, get rid of emotional inhibition, find motivation, set goals, and develop a strategy to achieve them.
This strategy is effective as it works with deeper fears and failures that often push people to crimes. Psychological programs teach prisoners positive thinking and change their self-perception, which is a key element for further social integration.