Assume that the occupational distribution of males and females is as follows:
The index of discrimination is calculated by:
It is (0.5) [|60-5|+|20-5|+|10-40|+|10-50|= (0.5)  =70 or0.7s. Therefore, the segregation index is 70% or 0.7. Significantly, occupational segregation is calculated when the presence of one gender exceeds the other in a given working labor force or an occupation by scrutinizing the employed gender rate who would have to shift the labor force for a similar occupational distribution among both genders.
From the given scenario, if 40 ladies transpose their occupation from H to E, |5 transitions from G to F, and |5 relocates from G to E. Thus, we get equal job distribution among men and women. For equal occupational distribution, 70% of ladies require to shift their occupations.
An index of 0 implies perfect gender incorporation indicating perfect equality of labor force distribution between men and women. At the same time, an index of 1 shows complete workforce gender segregation. A 0.40 index indicates a declined workforce segregation. One index indicates perfect inequality, zero shows perfect equality, and a 0.40 index indicates working towards achieving reduced workforce segregation for both genders.
Over time, gender occupational segregation has been reduced, for example, between 1970 and 1990. It reduced from 0.65 to 0.54. However, since 2000 less movement has been made. The decline is attributed to ladies moving broadly into male-dominated occupations. In today’s labor market, labor force segregation is visible despite the declines.